For the way of living, we can see that Winston life is controlled by Big Brother in many ways. For example, Winston was not even allowed to think about rebelling, as Winston knows that “even a back can be revealing” and this can lead to being caught by the thought police. It is this fear of the Government which all of us have. We may fear that if we think about betraying our nation, our nation would act first and punish us. We can see this happening from the way Winston chooses to rebel against Big Brother: he joined the rumored Brotherhood and acted against the restriction in the greatest number of ways he can. For example, he had an affair with Julia and made love with her without getting married and having permission. In other words, even though we know that it is very difficult to fight against a nation, some of us still try to test the Government’s strength. However, those who do rebel may live in fear of the Government, as one day, they will be caught. Telescreens are mostly likely something George Orwell created himself, as it did not exist at all in 1948. They are actually surveillance cameras combined with a television screen, used to eliminate privacy of the citizens. The Thought Police, by using this sort of equipment, can arrest thought criminals secretly and the result is, most cases, there is “no trial, no report of the arrest”. By using the similarities listed above in the 3 different fields, we can say that Orwell used facts, objects and places which have already happened or existed to create a world where only minor changes have been made from our world, for example names, and that no extreme events occur.
Although the setting seems believable to us, not many countries which have a totalitarianism society existed when Orwell wrote this book. He actually showed the people the potential of the world being full of totalitarianism, by writing this book and using countries which are not created, for example, the United Kingdom, and revealing what those countries may do to eliminate those who betray them. As mentioned in the book, the United Kingdom was called “Airstrip one”. This means that in the future, capitalist countries may control its people with more restrictions and rules and therefore, make its people become more scared and obedient.
To conclude, Orwell created a believable setting by using similarities in the way people feel, for example, being scared of totalitarianism, making alterations to the landmarks of the United Kingdom, for example Trafalgar Square and by using ideas which he created himself. The best example of this would probably be the telescreen. In other words, he changed events, facts and places in a way that readers will be able to recognize straight away, as well as using elements of his own mind.
Here's what a star student thought of this essay
Quality of writing
Albeit short, this essay has a strong structure. The introduction ably forms a clear argument, and uses the conclusion to weave ideas together and form a justified judgement. These are important in showing the examiner you are able to form a coherent and focused argument. Paragraphs are concise, meaning there is little repetition. I just feel some ideas could be expanded more! The style here is good, and this essays shows a strong craft in forming a convincing argument. Spelling, punctuation and grammar are fine.
Level of analysis
The analysis here is good, but I would've liked to have seen in each paragraph more focus on the question. For example, there is a clear understanding of familiar names of buildings and landmarks. But, I would've liked to have seen a discussion of why this becomes a believable setting, and why Orwell chooses to use settings which resemble Trafalgar Square, etc. I would've liked to have seen more focus on the analysis of language, and how it is used to control society. This could've been linked to some contextual points, possibly exploring the propaganda used in World War Two or otherwise. I just feel that looking at the description of the setting and the tele screen, for example, isn't enough to warrant the top marks. Structure is another avenue which examiners are keen to see analysed, and there is no evidence of that being discussed here.
Response to question
This essay responds well to the task. There is a clear understanding of the methods Orwell uses to create a believable setting, and what I particularly like is the exploration of why he does it. In the introduction the essay clearly states that the novel acts as a precaution, showing an awareness of the reason he uses the techniques. I would've liked to have seen this discussed more, as there isn't much allocated to this side of the argument in the conclusion. I understand this essay task is quite limiting, but I would've taken it further to discuss how the novel would not be effective if the setting was not believable. I just worry with these sorts of essays that they are too short and don't explore the question's avenues enough, giving a reason for the examiner to penalise decent analysis.