How far would you agree that Animal Farm is, as Orwell describes it, A Fairy Story(TM)?

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Yehuda fletcher

Animal Farm Essay

How far would you agree that Animal Farm is, as Orwell describes it, ‘A Fairy Story’?

There are several techniques George Orwell (GO) used, to determine what type of book he wanted to portray Animal Farm as being.

Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian revolution and the rise of Stalin in the Soviet Union. GO is satirical towards Communism; he politically attacks it in the form of humour, by use of animals. He presents different characters in the farm as the key figures of communism. Tsar Nicholas II is represented by Mr. Jones, who at the beginning of the book is the dictator of the ‘farm’. Lenin and Karl Marx are both represented by Old Major, the oldest animal on the farm who soon dies; he is the one that actually pumps into the animals and heads the idea of overtaking the farm. Trotsky, the one that completes what Lenin was targeting to do, and turns Animal Farm into a democracy, is represented by Snowball, also a pig. Stalin, the one who takes over the ‘farm’ and turns it back to its original status, (back into a dictatorship, whereby he is now the dictator), is represented by Napoleon, an extremely sly pig. The ‘propaganda’ that Stalin used to persuade the people to believe in him, to turn to the ‘true’ direction of communism, is represented by an intelligent pig called squealer, whom is stated in the book as being able to turn ‘black into white’.

Just like most dictators in Russia used secret police, for example, the Cheka, and the

KGB, so to, here the secret police are represented by the dogs, who are secret in the way in which they were previously just ‘spirited away’ by Napoleon, whereby everyone just forgot about them, until of course Napoleon released them, and used them to gain superiority over the animals, by use of violence, whereby they could at ease, kill any opposed to Napoleon’s ruler ship.  

GO is stating that Communism, as a system, is the perfect system; what could possibly be better, everyone works according to their ability, and everyone receives their fair share? However, the problem, represented by the pigs, is the characteristic of human nature otherwise known as greed. Due to the existence of greed, Communism could never work. It would be impossible.

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In Animal Farm, I assume purposely done by GO, the animals are also seen to have human qualities and capabilities, the capabilities and qualities that are possessed by the different animals, are stereotypically chosen almost exactly how people imagine them being. The dogs are fierce and superior, the sheep are stupid, the horses are strong and loyal, the pony, Mollie is silly and vain, and the raven is sinister and cynical. However, throughout the book, we see that the masterminds behind the majority of the major issues, the intelligent ones on the farm, are the pigs. But why did ...

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