How strong was the monarchy on the death of Edward IV in 1483?

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How strong was the monarchy on the death of Edward IV in 1483?

        By 9th April 1483 Edward IV had strengthened the monarchy substantially. The problems he faced when he began his second reign were twofold, those to do with securing his kingdom, both peace and finances, and those to do with the rewarding of loyal nobles and the punishment of enemies. The Bastard of Fauconberg, the leader of the May landing in Kent and the attempted march to London, with support from Kentishmen, was initially pardoned. However he was eventually executed and an enquiry led by the Bourchiers dealt with the southeastern counties. Edward rewarded Hastings for his allegiance, as he became the Commander of Calais, where Warwick’s former supporters having pardoned them and paid the garrison accepted him.

Edward attempted to cause little upset in the nobility by issuing few attainders and a large number of pardons, including Lord Stanley and the earl of Oxford. Edward had managed to regain the throne through his greater noble support and the dominance that the noble retinues gave him over the Lancastrians. On the night of Edward’s arrival in London to reclaim the throne Henry VI was murdered in the tower, which though usually blamed upon Richard, duke of Gloucester, was ultimately Edward’s responsibility.

The death of Henry and the eradication of the Nevilles, Warwick and Montagu signalled the end of the male Lancastrian line, save the exiled Henry Tudor. Edward now faced problems from within, the conspiring of Clarence and the increased influence of the Woodville family. Clarence was bitter following his marriage to Isabel Neville, when Gloucester chose to marry the widowed sister of Isabel, Anne Neville. This was seen as a threat to his inheritance and heightened the brotherly disputes, which had begun with the grant of Warwick’s lands first to Gloucester and then to Clarence. Edward calmed the situation by summoning the two brothers before the royal Council at the palace of Sheen in 1472. Edward forced a settlement in Clarence’s favour as he gained possession of most of the Neville estates and was later created Earl of Warwick and Salisbury.

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The brothers did not end their quarrelling at this point and they fought for the possession of the Beauchamp-Despenser estates. Clarence was the more resentful of the two, due to Gloucester’s marriage to Anne Neville placing Clarence’s inheritance into jeopardy. Edward made efforts to calm Clarence, even forcing Gloucester to resign from the post of Great Chamberlain of England in favour of Clarence. However, following various moves to secure their inheritance, Edward intervened in 1473 he passed an act of Resumption and deprived both brothers of all lands they owned by royal grant.

In 1474, following two years of planning ...

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