• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Huxley had one foot in the nineteenth century (Margaret Atwood) Examine the ways in which Huxley, in Brave New World, expresses contemporary fears and uncertainties in Britain in the 1920s and 30s.

Extracts from this document...


'Huxley had one foot in the nineteenth century' (Margaret Atwood) Examine the ways in which Huxley, in Brave New World, expresses contemporary fears and uncertainties in Britain in the 1920s and 30s. Britain in the 1920s and 30s was a very politically and economically unstable place, and many people had concerns about the international tension and aftermath of the war, especially in Germany, and how it might affect Britain in the future. We see Huxley's concerns about the rise of fascism and the Nazis in Germany mirrored in the system of the World State. The separation of the classes, a well known policy of right wing extremists, we see in the caste system, and also labeling according to 'type' - 'Alpha children wear grey...epsilons wear black', etc., reflects the way that anti-Semitism led the Nazis to label the Jews with the star that symbolizes their religion, in order that society would treat them differently and so that they knew their 'place'. The fear of a communist uprising in Germany, which would abolish the separation of the classes, is similar to the citizens of the world state's fear of the lower castes craving more power and wanting equality. ...read more.


'Standard Gammas, unvarying Deltas. Millions of identical twins. The principal of mass production at last applied to biology.' The production of identical twins is the same principal as the production of thousands of identical T model cars. The people of the World State also hold the sign of the 'T' in reverence. The production lines which led to the workers sitting down and doing the same thing over and over again to each car is also reflected in the mindless and unchallenging work undertaken by the lower caste factory workers. One of the most memorable and shocking aspects of Brave New World is the depiction of women and sexuality. In the book, women are hypnopaedically encouraged to be promiscuous and to have no traditional values of love, romance or celibacy before marriage - 'Everyone belongs to everyone else'. In the 1920s the image of women was changing with the help of women getting the vote, the rise of female Hollywood icons and cinema (Huxley makes the 'talkies' the 'feelies'), and flappers - fashionable young women who shocked society with their short skirts and open sexuality. ...read more.


Industrialism was also an issue in the 20s, and mass marketing helped to provide ordinary families with luxury goods like radios and refrigerators. Huxley emphasizes this to include every part of a citizen's life being for the purpose of fuelling the economy - for example, conditioning children cruelly by administering electric shocks. '"We condition the masses to hate the country,' concluded the Director, "But simultaneously we condition them to love all country sports. At the same time, we see to it that all country sports shall entail the use of elaborate apparatus. So that they consume manufactured articles as well as transport. Hence those electric shocks."' Leisurely activities such as golf and tennis and squash have been changed, as the previous versions did nothing to help the economy - golf has become 'obstacle golf', tennis 'Riemann surface tennis', and squash 'escalator squash'. To express contemporary fears of the 1920s and 30s, Huxley has taken many of them and made them reality, most notably the dictatorship of the World State. He emphasized them, sometimes to a comic level, sometimes to a disturbing one, to symbolize some of the dangers and uncertainties Britain faced at the time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aldous Huxley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aldous Huxley essays

  1. Discuss the various ways in which Die Hard conforms to the conventions of Action ...

    The costumes of the characters shows John as the individual, The FBI and Hans Gruber wear smart suits showing they are professional at what they do, whereas John is barefoot, topless, and just wearing pants with sweat, blood and dirt all over his body, it separates him as a hero

  2. While Huxley presents his Brave New World as a hopeless environment lacking love and ...

    Furthermore, it is obvious in the movie that consumerism satisfies the cravings of people, that "Work, Earn, Buy" provides happiness for the people. Correspondingly, in Huxley's world, happiness is achieved by consuming sensual feelings and soma. Happiness through sensual desires is definitely a theme in both versions of Brave New World.

  1. How effective is Brave New World as a Satire?

    Huxley's clever juxtaposition of fact (scientific data) and fiction (future life on earth) is the basis for the satire, and is beautifully constructed. The novel is logically developed - Huxley "begins at the beginning" with a detailed account of life in the new World State.

  2. How do the authors of two texts you have studied express the reasons for ...

    Ford, who is in fact the basis for the history of their society. The people are so addicted to Soma that they cannot heed John's call to "throw it all away, that horrible poison," and can not take up his challenge, "do you like being slaves?

  1. In what ways is Brave New World issuing a warning to its readers?

    "Murder kills an individual but after all, what is an individual?" page 121. chapter 6. this quote gives an indication into the lack of individuality in Huxley's Brave New World, with the exceptions of the intellectual elite, every single human is treated identically, for istance, on pages 15 - 16

  2. Comparisons and Contrasts of 1984 & Brave New World.

    Sex in the Big Brother society is only for re-creation not recreation. This puts Winston in danger. Julia is mindful of her life and what the government is doing but is not affected by it and has learned to get by putting on a good act.

  1. "For which two characters in 'Brave New World' do you feel most sympathy? Consider ...

    That love was one of the main reasons he stood out from society and distanced himself from others because of her. He felt deeply angered when other men spoke of Lenina like they would other women, which is known in these lines, P36 " 'Talking about her as though she were a bit of meat.'

  2. Brave New World- Style and Technique Analysis

    He does this to show that the new world, although they are striving for perfection, still have not obtained it. It is also ironic, as one malfunction in their system resulted in a person that displays humanity. In addition, even though the government tries to condition citizens to their liking,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work