THE RAVEN by Edgar Allen Poe

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THE RAVEN by Edgar Allen Poe

The poem 'The Raven' can be described as a grotesque narrative poem or a darkly romantic classic. It has references to heaven, hell and the devil.

The poem is divided into 18 stanzas with 6 lines in each stanza.

It is about a man who is disturbed on one stormy night by a raven who comes to his room.

The poem is written in the first person from the perspective of an unnamed man which could be referring to Edgar Allan Poe himself or a make believe character.

The lonely man is mourning his dead lover, Lenore.

Around the time the poem was written and published, Poe's own wife Virginia was dying of tuberculosis, so it is easy to believe that the man in the poem is Poe himself.

Maybe Poe's purpose in writing this poem is to convey his own personal hell, a dark, imaginative story captured so well in the poem 'The Raven'.

The tone and subject of the poem also includes sadness and beauty. Poe believed that the saddest and most beautiful event was the death of a beautiful woman. Everyone understands the passion of beauty. 'Beauty' excites the 'sensitive soul to tears' thus melancholy and beauty are close allies. Poe considered sadness to be the highest manifestation of beauty.

The first and second verses set the theme and atmosphere of the poem-

Once upon a midnight dreary..............

Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December..........
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The description of the setting in the opening two stanzas of the poem depict that of a dismal nature. The tone proves to be forlorn with the help of phrases like 'midnight dreary, weak and weary, bleak December and sorrow for the lost Lenore.

Alliteration, rhythm and rhyme are amongst the most prevalent techniques used throughout the poem. The pounding rhythm is like a strong thumping heart beat, with each of the strongest beats resting on the rhyming words that are written in the middle and end of sentences. With this rhythm Poe uses assonance, words with ...

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