• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

THE RAVEN by Edgar Allen Poe

Extracts from this document...


THE RAVEN by Edgar Allen Poe The poem 'The Raven' can be described as a grotesque narrative poem or a darkly romantic classic. It has references to heaven, h**l and the devil. The poem is divided into 18 stanzas with 6 lines in each stanza. It is about a man who is disturbed on one stormy night by a raven who comes to his room. The poem is written in the first person from the perspective of an unnamed man which could be referring to Edgar Allan Poe himself or a make believe character. The lonely man is mourning his dead lover, Lenore. Around the time the poem was written and published, Poe's own wife Virginia was dying of tuberculosis, so it is easy to believe that the man in the poem is Poe himself. Maybe Poe's purpose in writing this poem is to convey his own personal h**l, a dark, imaginative story captured so well in the poem 'The Raven'. The tone and subject of the poem also includes sadness and beauty. Poe believed that the saddest and most beautiful event was the death of a beautiful woman. ...read more.


He opens the door but finds no one there 'darkness there and nothing more'. He whispers Lenore but all he heard back was an echo. With a burning soul he returns to the room but then hears a louder tapping on his window. The suspense builds until he flings open the shutter and in steps a 'stately Raven, the bird symbolising ill-omen who then 'perched upon a bust of Pallas'- the goddess of wisdom in Greek mythology, 'above( his) chamber door'. The man asks the raven for his name and surprisingly it answers and croaks ''Nevermore''. 9) Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl....... 10) But the raven sitting lonely...... The man surmises that the raven does not speak from wisdom, but has been taught by 'some unhappy master' and that the word 'nevermore' is the birds only vocabulary. The man welcomes the raven and is afraid that 'as (his) hopes have flown before' the raven will be gone in the morning. However, the raven when questioned, answers ''Nevermore'. The man fascinated pulls up a chair and tries to fathom out what the raven 'meant in croaking' ''Nevermore''. ...read more.


Poe uses a form of old English which seems appropriate, since the poem is about a man spending time reading books of 'forgotten lore'. The word 'Serephim' in the fourteenth stanza describes one of the six -winged angels standing in the presence of God. It is used to illustrate the swift invisible way a scent spreads. 'Nepenthe' is a potion to induce forgetfulness of pain or sorrow. 'Balm in Gilead' in the fifteenth stanza , is a soothing ointment made in Gilead, a mountainous region of Palestine east of the Jordan river. 'Aidenn' in the sixteenth stanza is an Arabic word for paradise. 'Plutonian' is a characteristic of Pluto. The god of the underworld in Roman mythology - another symbol of death to come. I like this poem. I enjoy reading it out loud because of the rhythm and beat. I can visualise the story and feel the atmosphere which builds through the poem and ends with a feeling of never ending gloomy horror and sadness as in the last three lines - And the lamplight o'er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor, And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor, Shall be lifted nevermore. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Edgar Allan Poe section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Edgar Allan Poe essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does Edgar A. Poe build up suspense and tension in The Cask of ...

    3 star(s)

    This creates a very awkward and unsettling atmosphere for the reader, but it seems like that is exactly what Edgar A. Poe wanted to make with "The Cask of Amontillado". Montresor is enjoying (almost) every bit of it. At one point he "hesitated", he "trembled", though after calming down again

  2. Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe - "The Raven".

    When Poe writes, "distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December..." midnight and December symbolize closure because midnight is the last hour of the day and December is the last month of the year, which also represent the anticipation of something and for a change to happen.

  1. Compare and contrast the narrative techniques used in three or more of Edgar Allan ...

    about the characters never actually knowing who they are and what they are like. Themes are very important in creating the right mood for a gothic story; they are used in all three of the short gothic stories by Edgar Allan Poe.

  2. Comparison of The Raven and The Erlking

    These two factors were merged together to make the Erlking. They are both dark poems and want to create a mysterious mood for the reader. Both had an individual reason of why they were written but then their similarity grew because they had the same atmospheric impression.

  1. "The Raven" by Edgar A. Poe - oral commentary.

    It goes: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore - While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping - rapping at my chamber door.

  2. Comparing the ways Edgar Allen Poe and Bram Stoker convey horror through writing.

    It is also more believable as it is through the eyes of the beholder. At the start of the black cat Poe starts off very secretively, he writes of something horrible that has happened to him, but he will not expand on what this occurrence is: These events have terrified, tortured and destroyed me".

  1. Edgar Allen Poe's life was bombarded with misery, financial problems, and death but he ...

    In February of 1829 John Allan had Poe discharged from the army so that he could enlist at West Point. John Allan did not send Poe enough money so he decided to be dismissed from West Point and was on March 6, 1831.

  2. Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven

    But Poe also wrote three volumes of poetry during the first period of his literary career (1827-1831) that deserve our attention, as does his metaphysical Eureka: A Prose Poem and his verse drama, Politian. In terms of the hidden breadth of his accomplishments, during most of his career, Poe labored

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work