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The use of allegory in "A Christmas Carol".

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Introduction

THE USE OF ALLEGORY IN CHARLES DICKENS' A CHRISTMAS CAROL INTRODUCTION Most people in the world are already familiar with the story of A Christmas Carol. This book that published in 1843 is the first of five short Christmas books by Charles Dickens. He is an English novelist who is the greatest at his time, the Victorian period. Dickens's works mostly tell about social problems and injustice. He had experienced those things when he was forced to end school in early teens and work in a factory. A Christmas Carol has become a holiday classic and the character, Ebenezer Scrooge, has become a cultural icon. ...read more.

Middle

Dickens uses these characters as the representation of the things that can show Scrooge, the error of his way. The representation itself called figurative language. In Christmas Carol, figurative language that Dickens uses is allegory. Allegory is a representation of someone or something into a character. Allegory is used to give the portrait of the writing in the deepest meaning that different from its actual meaning, so it has both a literal meaning and representative one. There are two main types of allegory; the first is the historical and political variety that refers to historical person or events. The latter is the allegory of ideas which personify characters into abstract concepts. ...read more.

Conclusion

and agoreuo (to speak). In the other way, Miller (1981) stated that allegory in English is "a part of a chain of related terms and concepts, including parable, symbol, image, sign, emblem, figures, aphorism, metaphor and translation". Whitman (1987) added that the technique of allegory is "obliquity - the separation between what a text says, the 'fiction' and what it means 'the truth'". Stedman (2009) found that "allegory employs comparison and correspondence of words and ideas". As the writer written above, allegory is a comparison of the words - ordinary word and extra ordinary one. She continued, " ...it is illustrative and explanatory of a specific line of truth". In other word, the author uses allegory to give more specific understanding of the general word mentioned at the book. ...read more.

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