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'Vultures' by Chinua Achebe, 'Night of the Scorpion' by Nissim Ezekiel, 'Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan' by Moniza Alvi, and 'Nothings Changed' - What are the main ideas in the four poems?

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Essay title: What are the main ideas in the four poems? How do the poets describe experiences and inform us about their poems? Explain how the ideas presented in each of the poems revolve around the notion of the 'difference'. Relate these ideas to your own lives. Sources: * 'Vultures' by Chinua Achebe, * 'Night of the Scorpion' by Nissim Ezekiel * 'Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan' by Moniza Alvi * 'Nothings Changed' The characters in all four poems may all be different their situation and what they talk about but they are all similar as they all give the reader their opinion of as to how they see the world through their eyes and their beliefs. They question and reflect about their surrounds trying to make sense of what is happening and whether this is what life is like or is this something that will change. 'Nothings Changed' is about a young man who returns to where he once lived. There was apartheid when he was there, a law that divided blacks from whites. Despite apartheid being abolished people's ideologies and behaviour had not changed, still having that invisible barrier between the blacks and the whites. ...read more.


but she still loves to know more about where she is from and by reminiscing she feels a part of the culture she questions. The poet lets the reader imagine what the girl is feeling by describing the colours and textures of the clothes and being detailed when the girl reminisces, 'prickly heat had me screaming on the way'. Many people who are from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds can relate to this poem as you are left asking yourself, what am I? After reading this poem or making you think more about how you are and what you see yourself as. Witchcraft and old beliefs are the difference in the poem 'Night of the Scorpion'. A young boy describes his mother being stung by a scorpion, her life now in the hands of holy men and 'a swarm of flies', this being the peasants (simile) surrounding her curing the 'Evil one', a metaphor for the scorpion. All forms of medicine, witchcraft and prayer are used. The boy tries to make sense of it all watching people's beliefs and conceptions changing in the moments of despair. The boy's father, being a 'sceptic, rationalist' to all of what is happening ends up out of despair 'trying every curse and blessing, powder, mixture, herb and hybrid. ...read more.


The poet uses imagery to give the reader more understanding of the difference, using different figures of speech such as personification 'bone of a tree', and alliteration 'drizzle of one despondent dawn'. An example of this love that stands by 'evil' is Macbeth. Macbeth has the support of his wife who allows him to carry out murders. But a soon as Lady Macbeth dies Mabceth fails to succeed and loses his kingship. All four poems reflect two differences. Each one has used specific language and detail to support their poem, 'Nothings Changed' words such as 'bunny chow' and 'district six' or in the poem Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan' words such as 'salwar kameez' and 'Shalimar Gardens'. Each poet was written at the time where I think the poet felt they had experienced what they might have written themselves or had heard about it through the period they were in. The poem signifies differences in people's beliefs, ideologies and what people around them think and act. I feel I can relate to each of the poems in one way or more. The poems are each written to a specific audience of readers and do give a moral or leave the reader thinking more about what has been said in the poem e.g. 'Vultures' leaves the reader questioning love and how it shapes out in different ways and forms. Sara Ali-Asghar GCSE English A:\Four Poems.doc ...read more.

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