While Huxley presents his Brave New World as a hopeless environment lacking love and real happiness, the movie offers a glimpse of hope in its ending: it shows that a young boy voluntarily disconnects his conditioning process

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Imagine a world without mothers and fathers, a place where babies are cultivated in hatchery centers and people live in a society centered on sensual fulfillment through sex and drugs. This is the world portrayed in Aldous Huxley’s 1932 novel, Brave New World. In this world, the government controls every stage of human development. Each individual is selected and predestined by the State according to the needs of society; conditioning from the time of fertilization through the maturity ensures, in most cases, that each individual completely accepts and conforms to every aspect of life in the World State. Five different castes exist in Brave New World. From Alphas to Epsilons, each class of individuals are different in stature, attire, intelligence, and their contribution to society; Alphas are given the most advantage while the lower-caste members are treated like animals. Even during embryonic development, chemical and mechanical stimulations are applied to enhance or hinder the growth of the fetus. After birth, general and class-specific conditioning, through a process called hypnopaedia, teaches individuals to think, feel and act according to the will of the government. In this world, adherence to societal values is not only expected, but also enforced through conditioning and mass propaganda. Phrases such as "everyone belongs to everyone else" and "a gramme is better than a damn" are automatic responses. Moreover, the drug "soma" is used to further eradicate any feelings of unrest. These mechanical responses constitute the mind and desire of every citizen within the society. In 1998, NBC aired a new TV version of Brave New World. Although both versions are similar in its attempt to address the advancement of science as it affects individuals, they are strikingly dissimilar in many ways. While Huxley’s Brave New World depicts nurture as the ultimate victor, able to suppress all instinctive desires, the movie version proffers a force driving the inhabitants of Brave New World to go against their conditioning. This contrast is especially evident in the different presentation of sex instincts, in the altered portrayal of Bernard Marx and Lenina Crowne, and in the conflicting endings of the story. The movie acknowledges that this force which counters the conditioning is the instinctive desires encoded in the genes.

Since instincts are "desires and behaviors that are programmed into our genes," sex instincts would be the sexual desires and behaviors that are intrinsic in the genes. In the Brave New World scenario, the State tries to separate sexual instincts and instincts to have one’s own child. However, these two instincts are probably very closely linked. According to Professor Silver, "all acts of intercourse are aimed at reproduction." Afterall, the genes that induce its carriers to a stronger sex drive will be more likely passed on to the next generation, because in "ancient times," sex led to babies. Therefore, it seems quite "unnatural" to separate sex from having babies. On the one hand, the State advocates sexual relations between people with slogans like: "Promiscuity is a citizen’s duty." On the other hand, babymaking is controlled solely by the State; cultural conditioning suppresses people’s reproductive instincts to have one’s own child. In Brave New World, people go against their reproductive instincts through the use of contraception; sexual intercourse is no longer intended for reproduction.

In a society where people are born in "bottles", there is no longer a need to maximize reproductive output. One can always make more babies to populate the State. It is evident in both the book and the movie that promiscuity is not only encouraged, but that it is "a citizen’s duty"(movie). It is the norm for men and women to have sexual relations with multiple partners. So what is the purpose of sex if it no longer leads to babies?

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Perhaps multiple reasons exist for the role of sex in Brave New World. Even though the State tries to separate sex from reproductive instincts, genes still play a role in the behavior of people. Sexual intercourse is an instinctive expression of those genes that are still intrinsic in individuals. The concepts of marriage, parents, and family are nonexistent when it is simply easier and more efficient to control population by "making" people in hatchery centers. What happens to the instinctive desire to have one’s own child? There is no such thing as one’s own child in Brave New World, ...

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