Canada The Capital city of Canada is Ottawa in the province of Ontario.
Canada The Capital city of Canada is Ottawa in the province of Ontario. Canada has 27,367 millions Inhabitants and is the 2nd largest country with more than 9,9 million km². Seven percent of the world's area and nine percent of the world's fresh water provision belong to Canada. Canada has ten provinces and three territories. The national symbol is the maple leaf which has been connected with Canada since the 18th century. The leaf is regarded as the most important national symbol of Canada since 1965. Since then Canada has also got its own flag. On 1st July 1980 the hymn "O Canada" became the Canadian national anthem. Geographical nature The Canadian landscapeis marked by its great variety. Plains with fertile farm land can be found as well as huge mountain ranges, lakes and rivers. * The huge mountain ranges in the eastern areas are the Torgat Mountains, the Appalachians and the Laurentians. In the west there are the Rocky Mountains and the Mackenzie Mountains. The Pelly Mountains and Mount St. Elias are situated in the north. The highest mountain is Mount Logan in the Yukon - territory. * There are a lot of big lakes in Canada. The biggest is the Great Bear Lake. It covers 31.326 km². * Canada's longest river is the Mackenzie River in the Northwest - territories. Other big rivers are the St. Lawrence River, the Churchill River and the Nelson River. * Canada's
1.1 What are mangroves? 1.2 What are the factors that determine area, diversity and growth of mangroves?
.1 What are mangroves? .2 What are the factors that determine area, diversity and growth of mangroves? The health of the mangrove wetlands with reference to hydrological and soil conditions, and the wealth of the mangrove wetlands in terms of area, species diversity, biomass and productivity are determined by Degree of protection against high-waves Quantity and duration of freshwater flow and sediment supply Larger tidal amplitude and Gently sloping coastal topography. Young mangrove plants of settle and grow only in coastal areas where wave energy is low or in places where the mangrove wetlands are protected by a sand barrier against high-waves. The coastline of the Muthupet region of the then combined Thanjavur District and that of Sunderbans in West Bengal are the best examples of low wave energy coasts where mangroves grow luxuriantly. In the Pichavaram mangrove wetland of Cuddalore District, wave energy along the coast is high but a sandy beach, located between the mangroves and the sea, protects the mangroves. Most of the mangrove plants require low salinity condition for their growth and reproduction. Hence, luxuriant mangrove forests can be seen only in the estuarine regions where a large amount of fresh water is discharged for long periods of time in a year. For example, the Sunderbans mangrove forest of West Bengal, which receives fresh water from
Global Warming and the Polar bear
Global Warming and the Polar bear It was realized that in 1988 that mankind was transforming the atmosphere of our planet (Pearce, 1). Global Warming is a big concern to scientists aside from pollution and is certainly under way. According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Earth's surface temperature has risen by about 1 degree Fahrenheit in the past century, with accelerated warming during the past two decades. Global warming has risen within the last 50 years because of the result of humans activities. These activities have distorted the chemical composition of the atmosphere through the buildup of greenhouse gases - primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide (EPA, The Climate). What is the cause of global warming and if it serious what is being done to end it. What will be the effects on earth if global warming continues, and last but not least what is occurring around us at this very moment from global warming? Many of these questions are being asked by scientist and are being researched to find more plausible answers and predictions for us. Global warming is found to be caused by the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect has been described, by the US Vice President Al Gore, as the potentially most dangerous environmental problem facing mankind, with consequences second only to nuclear war (CS, What is the Greenhouse Effect?). The Green house effect
Are you planning or intending to go to Italy either to live there or to go on holiday there?
ITALY Are you planning or intending to go to Italy either to live there or to go on holiday there? If you are then hopefully you can find out all the information you would like, about the North and South of Italy. You should be able to compare the two areas by reading the information on the North and then on the South. This booklet mainly concentrates on Naples and Milan. NORTH-Milan Location. Milan is found in the Northern part of Italy. Venice is just east of Milan and Florence is south east of the city. Switzerland is north of it and Lyon, in France, is west of Milan. Above is a map of Italy highlighting the northern position of Milan. Climate * The climate in The North is in between a British climate (temperate) and a Mediterranean climate. * In the winter it is cold and the temperatures in January is between 0oC-2oC. There is frost in winter quite often and fog too but fog can happen at any time in any year (100days of fog on average in Milan in 1 year). * When it is summer it is very warm with the temperatures in July about 24oC. * The rainfall isn't usually heavy and 800mm of rain falls evenly throughout a year. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Ave MAX (°C) 5 8 3 8 23 27 29 28 24 7 0 6 7 MAX (F) 41 46 55 64 73 81 84 82 75 63 50 43 63 MIN (°C) 0 2 6 0 4 7 20 9 6 1 6 2 0 MIN (F) 32 36
Coasts are dynamic interface between land and sea. For a stretch of coastline you have studied explain how coastal process interact with the land to produce a changing system.
Coasts are dynamic interface between land and sea. For a stretch of coastline you have studied explain how coastal process interact with the land to produce a changing system. Coastal environments rarely stay in equilibrium because of the processes interacting with them; a stretch of coastline that is a dynamic system is the Holderness coast. One of the causes of this changing system is related to sea level changes. During glaciations large volumes of water were stored on the land as ice this meant that there was a eustatic fall in sea level. Ice accumulated and its weight pressed down on that part of crust beneath it causing isostatic changes in sea level. These changes in sea level affected the shape of the coastline and the formation of landforms as the rates of erosion and deposition were altered. The effects the sea level changes have had is the emergence of coastal areas in the north like the Holderness coast with the coast being raised. Glaciations also had another impact on this stretch of coastline because during the last ice age the geology of the area was effected with glacial till being deposited. This changing in the geology has caused many changes to the coastal environment. Glacial till is easily eroded which has caused headlands to form, as there are also bands of harder chalk which means there is a discordant coastline, for example at Flamborough head. The
The Alyn Valley is situated in the north-east of Wales four miles west of Mold
Is the Alyn Valley A Popular Place For People To Visit In Their Leisure Time? Description of Results By looking at by located % bar charts which show car park occupancy in the Alyn Valley diagram I can tell which car park was busiest at the time. By using this method I found that the picnic site had the busiest car park with 68% of its spaces occupied leaving 32% unoccupied. The quietest car park was Bwlch Pen Bara where only 18% of spaces were occupied leaving 82% unoccupied. This means that loggerhead's was in-between the two with28% of its spaces occupied and 72%unoccupied. By taking these results I can tell how busy the Alyn Valley was on this day but bearing in mind that it was mid morning of a weekday during a school term when there is likely to be less people visiting the area than there would be of a weekend or during the summer holidays and maybe even a just later on that day in the afternoon. On the day I made note of where the cars had come from this helped me to later draw a "desire line graph to show catchment area of the Alyn Valley" this makes it easier for me to see how far people are willing to travel to visit the Alyn Valley. I found that people were willing to travel from up to 50 kilometres away to visit the Alyn Valley although a majority of visitors where from less than 10 kilometres away from a place called Mold. The smallest number of cars came from
To study the influence of Tourists on Settle's Land-use.
Data Collection for Aim 1 Aim 1 To study the influence of Tourists on Settle's Land-use. Hypothesis 1 The shops and services in Settle's market area are mainly for tourists. During my visit to Settle I completed a land use survey of Settle's market square and the surrounding buildings. The use of each building was recorded on a base map given. The map was of the buildings in Settle's market square, each building was numbered from 1-55. Overleaf was a table in which I recorded what each building was used for next to the correct number. I recorded what each building was used for at eye level i.e. the ground floor. These buildings were then classified in different categories e.g. tourist, mixed and residential. The buildings were categorised as it would help me when finding if most of the shops and service's in Settle are mainly for tourists. A sketch of Settle's market was also produced on the same map, showing what the stalls sold and where they were situated. I was able to do this as I went to Settle on a market day. Hypothesis 2 The majority of visitors have never visited Settle before. The data which was collected for this aim is a mixture of primary and secondary. The primary data which was collected were questionnaires. These questionnaires were asked to 10 random people as I didn't discriminate against age, gender or race during my visit to Settle.
Mississippi Flood 1993: Case Study
Mississippi Flood 1993: Case Study Background information : Within the USA 8% of the surface area is at risk of flooding and 35 million people live on flood plains which means that one sixth of floodplains in the USA are now urbanised however this has its problem every year between 47.6 and 89 people die due to flooding. This means that obviously the US government spends a considerable amount of money on flood defences $9000 is spent on flood control every year and $300 is spent on forecasting alone. This brings me to my case study on the Mississippi floodplain; it is the fifth largest in the world and is 3,211,000 km2 in area. The river alone drains over 585 million tones of sediment per year. The Mississippi lies just above the Mississippi river delta in the gulf on Mexico and has many meanders; now like many floodplains it also has a large "corridor" of development down the bottom of the valley when urbanisation has occurred. Before this urbanisation had occurred the floodplains mainly consisted of fertile silt, which was deposited by heavy times of flooding. Bellow is a diagram of he exact location of the Mississippi: Cause of the flood in 1993: Like many floods this flood was caused by large amounts of precipitation over a long period of time, in June and July of 1993 much of the area experienced over 150% of normal rainfall and parts of North Dakota, Kansas and
How we need to manage tourism by he year 2050
How we need to manage tourism by he year 2050 As the minister of tourism I feel it is my duty to improve tourism in Kenya, and stop it getting out of hand. Kenya is a beautiful and popular place. More and more people by the year are wanting to visit. It has many attractions and people from all around the world are wanting to visit the national parks, safari parks, the coral reefs, different cultures, accommodation, beautiful scenery and hot weather. Tourism is important to the country because like all developing countries Kenya needs all the money it can get. And without having to rely on developed countries for charity, tourism is one way in which it can hope to achieve a better standard of living for its people. Tourism is also important because poor people are making money from tourists and the multiplier effect takes place e.g. because they get more money and trades do better and develop. The money the poor people gets goes towards schools, hospitals, roads and any other thing that will help build the country. That is why tourism is vital to the economy. The people in Kenya cant afford expensive equipment and most have no skills. But they have resources e.g. the hot weather, safaris, parks, coral reefs. However this made be good but in order to keep tourism under control but at the same time using sustainable tourism e.g. we want to change some aspects but without
How a charity helps in development. Water Aid's work in Ghana
Water Aid Ghana Aims: - help 80,000 people gain access to water, sanitation and hygiene every year by 2011 - support local organisations to raise their own funds, while keeping a strong advisory role on how these funds are spent to ensure a further 40,000 people gain access to water, sanitation and hygiene every year by 2011 - To ensure problems of the poorest, socially excluded and marginalised groups, like women, elderly, disabled and those living with HIV/AIDS, receive increased support. How does Water Aid provide support? Water Aid works in partnership with 8 non governmental organisations (NGOs). These partners carry out the day to day management of water, sanitation and hygiene education projects in 6 out of 10 of the countries regions. Water Aid provides financial support, training and technical advice as well as assistance with planning, budgeting and institutional development. Water Aid also works in influencing governments, to ensure that they meet the millennium development goals (MDGs) and the Ghanaian poverty reduction strategy paper. The MDG targets are to halve the proportions of people without access to water and sanitation between 1990 and 2015. Water Aids partners invest in easy to use, easy maintenance technology that can be sustained by the local users of the facility. What has Water Aid achieved? Atoapoka Azuma from Asamponbisi village (someone