Tourism brings enormous benefits to less economically developed countries and very few problems

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“Tourism brings enormous benefits to less economically developed countries and very few problems”

A tourist is a person who stays for more than one night in a place that is not their usual environment. Tourism is everything to do with tourists, including the activities they take part in and the services that support them. A LEDC is a ‘less economically developed country’; this can be measured by income (per capita), GDP (gross domestic product), life expectancy and literacy rates.

Tourism has grown for a variety of reasons, the main reason being greater affluence, people in the UK have fairly high salaries and also workers receive more paid holidays which gives them the incentive to go on holiday. Greater mobility and improved accessibility also encourages people to travel, for example, 72% of the British population have at least one car and with easier access to airports and domestic locations thanks to better roads more people can travel with ease. Also the booming popularity of no-frills airlines can get people anywhere in the world for more than half the price 10 years ago. Changing lifestyles and recreational activities have also increased international tourism. People are a lot fitter now than before and retire early to take advantage of their fitness and to travel more, this maybe a reason why active holidays are becoming more popular. The pressure of work is increasing therefore longer, more frequent breaks are required. Advertising and TV programmes are also boosting tourism as they are promoting new and different places. Many travel companies now promote family holidays and theme parks are becoming more important.

The most visited LEDC is Mexico with 21.4 million tourists in 2006 and 2007. There is a decrease in active holidays, which means countries like Mexico with its unique history and favourable climate would benefit from this.  South East Asian countries like Malaysia and Thailand are following suit with a blend of its cultural heritage and its relaxing beaches. Countries in Africa such as Kenya provide Safari holidays which are very popular for Europeans.

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 The economic benefits of tourism in LEDC’s are that it creates more jobs both directly and indirectly towards tourism. For example in Antigua a new hotel development will employ 2000 people in addition to the 6000 who are already working in Hotels. Locals business will supply services for these new hotels. This will also attract more business to come and set up in these areas and more jobs will be created especially foreign investment which as well as local businesses will rely on tourist spending and more tourist spending means more income for the locals. This creates a very ...

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