Geography Conclusion- traffic congestion

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Surbjit Singh 11SK

                                          GCSE Geography Coursework- Conclusion

My hypothesis is that “traffic congestion occurs on routes leading into Birmingham City Centre” and my own perception on this is that it is correct as do many commuters of Birmingham. Although I agree that traffic congestion is an issue it is not a constant problem, as there is not congestion at all times throughout the day. My outlook to this problem is that traffic congestion is only a minor problem and reaches its peak at certain times. These times are known as “rush hour” which are the few hours that workers are intending to get into the city to travel to their occupation or when the workers are travelling out of the city at the end of their work hours. As work hours are similar in the city this can cause problems on getting in or out of the city. However the congestion rate does surpass the saturation point of 1522 throughout the whole day.

A report from an Inspectors report from the Midland Metro suggests that since 1997-2007 there has been a significant increase of traffic coming into Birmingham City Centre via Sheepcote Street. Sheepcote Street which leads onto Broad Street has increased by between 78% and 364% depending on the time. This can clearly give us an image of the increase in traffic and congestion through the period of this time.

I agree with this hypothesis due to the evidence that I gathered via the questionnaire and the traffic count. Both of these results accumulated together supported this hypothesis in some aspects. For example, through the traffic count we can see that there are an enormous number of cars arriving into the city during mornings and vast quantities of vehicles leaving the city at lunch-time and in the afternoon. Both incoming and outgoing where mainly dominated by cars.

The two graphs show, traffic going into and out of Birmingham City Centre support the hypothesis as they clearly show, the vast number of vehicles entering and leaving the City Centre. As a result traffic congestion is produced.

In addition, another vital piece of evidence which I collected on my investigation, which proved my hypothesis correctly, was the PCU graph. The graph was created using the results of my traffic count; these were multiplied to achieve the PCU (Passenger Car Unit) amounts. The graph shows the amount of hours in which it was congested.

From looking at this graph we can clearly interpret that at all times throughout the day, Broad Street was congested. As a result Broad Street in particular gets an enormous amount of publicity because of the amounts of traffic congestion on this road.

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Based on my questionnaire, it was fairly even in terms of whom had experienced traffic congestion whilst travelling into the Birmingham City Centre. However there was a slight advantage in the favour of those who answered “yes”.

The graph showed the interpretation of results which I collected during the investigation through my questionnaire. The graph shows how close it was between the two options (yes and no). As a result this gives us a somewhat equivalent outcome.

However, my hypothesis doesn’t state a specific time. As a result an argument could be raised against the hypothesis as the traffic ...

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