• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27

Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

Extracts from this document...


Content Page Content Page 1 Introduction 3 Background to the Lake District. 4 Theory 5 Tourism 5 Footpath Erosion 6 Key Terms 12 Aims 13 Hypothesis 14 Sampling 15 Systematic sampling 16 Random Sampling 16 Methodology 16 Analysis 22 Human Analysis 22 Physical Analysis 24 Evaluation 26 Bibliography 27 Introduction The Lake District is a rural area in North West England; it is located in the county of Cumbria. Refer to the maps for further location information. The areas of the Lake District we are focusing on are the town of Keswick and the walk up to the peak of Cat Bells Background to the Lake District. * The size of the national park is 2,292Km2 * It has a population of 42,239. * It became a national park in 1951. There are many types of rock in the Lake District according to wikipedia some of the rocks date back '500 million years' and include limestone, sandstones, siltstones, mudstones and slate. The Lake District has one of the dampest climates in England. According to wikipedia the average annual precipitation is over '2000mm', this is mainly due to the relief and northerly position. The Mean temperature ranges from '3 �C in January to around 15 �C in July' says wikipedia this is relatively high for it's latitude for example when compared to Moscow which has the same latitude, ranges from -10�C to 19�C. In Fact The Lake District is one of the rainiest areas in England, in 2005 there was extreme flooding in Keswick. Theory In this section I will discuss several theories, which the National park authorities have to take into consideration when making new policies Tourism Tourism along with mining and farming are the three highest earning industries in the Lake District. Tourism has a major affect the local and regional economy. Tourism in the Lake District only became popular in the late 18th century, with the invention of cars and trains meaning more people could travel, as well as more people becoming wealthy and since then has grown to the lake districts highest earner. ...read more.


we should do this three random times a day over a random 5 days in a year, this would get a lot closer to an accurate result. Management Index We went to each of the random points (see other sections above.) We rated the area's on the following categories: Street furniture, Bins, Double yellow parking, Public Transport, Location of car parks, Buildings, Building heights and congestion, on a scale of -2 to 2 we added up each column to get column totals, we then added these up to get a management index score between 16 and -16 however to get a top score everything has to be very good. We wanted to find out weather the council's management of the area varied in different areas of the town, for example in the centre of the town I would expect the councils management to be better than in the suburbs due to the fact that tourists would visit the centre not the suburbs and the, council would like to encourage tourists to the centre. The limitations of this are firstly that again this is quite subjective and can be influenced by opinions. Secondly, this may change at different times of day for example the public transport may be worse at night than it was when we surveyed the area, the congestion may change as well. , If we wanted to be entirely accurate we should do this three random times a day over a random 5 days in a year, this would get a lot closer to an accurate result. Gradient We Measured the Gradient at intervals of 100m in altitude. We stood two people of equal height, 10 meters away with the one at the bottom aligning the clinometers eye piece on the person at the tops eyes, you then either read the scale in the eye piece or you get someone else to read of the scale on the exterior. ...read more.


to the distance from the CBD this also shows what I would have expected which is that the further you get from the centre the more worse the environment, this is because no tourists visit these areas and the councils think that it is better to maintain the touristy areas hence attracting more tourists and more money. There were also things that went wrong. Firstly I could go on about the whether which caused me to have to miss out several points in Keswick and also may have caused some anomalies in both Cat Bells and Keswick. Although my data was accurate and in some cases I got almost perfect coloration. There were a few instances where the data did not prove my case firstly in the pedestrian count although it successfully produced a scatter graph when I tried to put it into spearman's rank I got quite a low score of around 0.3, when you compare this to the rank for traffic count which I got 0.72 it seems that the data must have some anomaly in it. I have come to the conclusion that this anomaly must have been caused by the adverse whether conditions, meaning there were less people walking and more people in shops or driving. Also because the weather was changeable at one pedestrian count it could be pouring down with rain meaning people were taking refuge in shops and some times it could be perfectly dry meaning people were walking. This is likely to have caused us not to get the result we would have liked. If I were to redo the project I would attempt to attain more accuracy by repeat tests over several days, at completely random times, I would try and do each reading 5 times so that I could get an idea of the standard deviation and find the anomalies, getting a more accurate average. In Cat Bells I would also retake reading however I think this is only necessary to do 3 times. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    - which is 6.5 miles - and the sphere of influence for the Boots in Oxford (shown in purple) - which is 12 miles. Hypothesis 6- The Clinton Cards on Cornmarket Street, Oxford, will have a larger sphere of influence than the Clinton Cards in the Westgate Centre, Oxford, and the Clinton Cards on Banbury Road, Summertown.

  2. Geography Tourism Coursework

    impact, tourism has on Cromer and may also lead to an economic problem as it may result in loss of tourists. Another development tourists think is necessary is better road access; this is a problem for Cromer as it is hard to reach, compared to other resorts.

  1. Analysis of sphere of influence in different shopping centres. Like Merry Hill and ...

    the types of shops, therefore I would suggest that money should be spent on having more convenience stores installed in the shopping centre. I think that as Kidderminster (old) is losing customers, I think that to attract more tourists and visitors to come to the area, more anchor shops should be opened, such as Asda, Tesco, M&S etc.

  2. Geography Fieldwork looking at the Gentrification of Brighton.

    Primary data collection methods: Functional survey: Onto tables, the functions of shops and services of the main Seven Dials shopping areas were written down and the street numbers allowing us to compare with the data in Kelly's Directories for other years.

  1. Sphere of influence map.

    It will attract more investment and trade from big retail companies and this will contribute to the economic growth/prosperity of Cambridge into the next century. Cambridge's current position as a sub regional centre is very low but as said in article.1, Cambridge has a chance to climb back up the table.

  2. The Philippines and the struggle for democracy

    This is not the first or the last time a president of the Philippines has acted in more of an authoritarian way. President Ramos and President Estrada both used more authoritarian tactics in regulating the mining industry in the Philippines.

  1. Investigation into the impact of tourism on Croyde and Newquay

    Croyde has 20 more people visiting for a week and Newquay has 20 more people visiting for 3 days. I think this is strongly representative of the way they have both differed in changing as 3 day trips tend to be made by younger people who have gone down for a specific reason.

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    Since there were fewer animals to breed, recovery took longer. * People: 1700 people lost their job in Mildura, and the value of Australia's economy reduced by 1% * Bush Fires: Due to the drought, vegetation was very dry, meaning that fires could start very easily if hit by lightning.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work