How Can We Gain Most Benefit From An Ecosystem Without Damaging Or Destroying It?

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How can we Gain most Benefit from an Ecosystem

Without Damaging or Destroying it?

26th January, 2010

Ecosystems are found all across our Earth; from the smallest water droplet, to the largest rainforest. They form such a large part of our world, for in every single forest or grassland they are there for us to look at and enjoy

We live in a society where we are constantly trying to industrialise and develop, whether that is by building new housing estates, or by widening roads to cope with the growing use of vehicles. But, in some cases, this means that we destroy local ecosystems, and in the case of the bypass in Newbury, a whole forest was destroyed.

The Newbury bypass is a 9-mile stretch of dual carriageway which bypasses the town of Newbury in Berkshire, England. It is located to the west of the town and forms part of the A34. Before it was built, a lorry driver could drive from Barcelona, all the way to Newbury on no small roads. But then, they had to go through the small town of Newbury, creating sound and air pollution, in order to get to Birmingham. This seemed ridiculous and so, a plan was created to build a bypass around Newbury but unfortunately, that involved the clearing of approximately 360 acres of land, including 120 acres of woodland and the felling of nearly 10,000 mature trees including Oak, Ash, & Beech, to make way for the building of the road This would mean the destruction of many different ecosystems, as well as contributing to global warming, for trees have the unique feature of taking in carbon dioxide and giving out oxygen, so by felling them, there would be more carbon dioxide and less oxygen in the air. This caused outrage amongst some of the residents of Newbury and led to some of the largest anti-road protests in European history, with around 7000 people having directly demonstrated on the site of the bypass route in some way and over 800 arrests being made. People made camps in trees, and a man called Daniel Hooper (nicknamed by the press as ‘Swamp’) actually moved underground where the bypass was meant to be, so the contractors could not start building the road in case they trapped ‘Swampy’ underground. He was eventually arrested but this shows just how far people will go to protect what they think is right.
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Twyford Down is a small area of ancient chalk downland lying directly to the southeast of Winchester, England. The down's 144 metres summit, known as Deacon Hill, is towards the north-eastern edge of the area which is renowned for its beautiful scenery, ecologically rich grassland and as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). It is a part of the East Hampshire AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty).

Winchester had been a traffic bottleneck for many years as several major routes passed through the historic city centre, including the A31, A33 and A34, as well as ...

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