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GCSE: Human Geography
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- Marked by Teachers essays 28
- Peer Reviewed essays 14
The area with the most damage, Port-au-Prince, was built on loose sedimentary rock, which amplifies the seismic waves and intensifies them. We can see how much extra damage the loose sediment does as houses that were built on hard rock that were closer to the fault line survived, but houses in Port-au-Prince that were built on loose sediment 15 miles away did not. The focus was only 13km deep so the quake did not lose much energy when it reached the surface.
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This is made even more difficult because these migrant are mostly farmers, non-skilled and illiterate rural people. Very few people make their fortunes, some end up as illegal street sellers, cleaners, waste collectors, domestic servants or odd jobs laborers while the rest must still find ways to eat and sleep while waiting for their chance. With unemployment and poverty, it leads to one of the most obvious effects of urbanization, that is, the growth of slum. and its associate problems.
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Also villages like Longnor are attractive to retirees as they are quiet and peaceful, they have places to walk and relax with lots of open spaces and greenery and clean air. They are far enough out of busy cities and younger generations but are within distance of local towns. With so many commuters and retirees buying many of the houses in Longnor, they are raising the prices of all houses in Longnor. Also the houses have doubled in price during the property boom of the 80s and keep on rising.
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Once they are settled they will often rent houses in large groups so that can cut the costs dramatically and easily afford it. They can't stay for long though as eventually they would be caught, so to keep their trail clean they move from house to house as not to alert the police. WHY MIGRATE? People migrate places for many different reasons be it for family or money ect. These reasons can be classified as 4 different categories; economic, social, political or environmental: * Economic migration - moving to find work or to follow a particular career path only available
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Migration within a countrys borders have greater negative impacts at their origin than their destination. Discuss.4 star(s)
Migration can be shown in diagrams one is called. Lee?s migration model which is a model that shows the push, pull and neutral factors in both origin and destination, the model also shows the restraining factors, which are conditions that you like about the place that you live in that might stop you from moving, these conditions could be social, health, economical, environmental and political, such as religion, family pressures, political differences and national policy. There are many types of internal migration; such as inter-urban which is migration from one urban area to another, intra-urban which is migration within an urban area.
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Development Case Study - Dharavi, Mumbai, India.People want to redevelop in Dharavi as it is situated in the heart of Mumbai, very close to the CBD on extremely valuable ground. Which in their eyes is being "wasted" by using it as a slum.4 star(s)
These now dry marshes were perfectly suited for residential use and migrants soon established a colony, first the Gujarat, followed by many others. In the 1920s the area had a large influx in migrants. Dharavi's first ever school was built in 1924 and was the only school there for 40 years. Since then Dharavi has grown rapidly and became less and less spacious and more compact, there have been recent ideas to renovate Dharavi. What is the current population of Dharavi?
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