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GCSE: Physical Geography

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  1. Henistbury Head

    Also if this habitat were allowed to erode away the variety of plants that it harbours would all cease to exist in this area. Another point is the beach has a lot of beach houses along the coast, which each cost over �100,000 so it brings a lot of money to this particular area of Bournemouth. The Reasons why it was made an SSSI was because of its variety of wildlife that does not live in any other areas of this country and to allow it to erode away it would lose this status as the wildlife gradually ceases to exist.

    • Word count: 801
  2. Cliff erosion in East Sussex - the processes, problems and solutions.

    Summary of the Processes of Erosion and Weathering Coastal Erosion:- * Corrasion- the wearing away of cliffs by large waves hurling beach material against them. * Attrition- is when waves cause rocks and boulders on the beach to collide with each other and break up into smaller pieces. * Corrosion/solution- is when salts or other acids in sea water slowly dissolve a cliff. Eg salt spray. * Hydraulic action- is the force of waves trapping and compressing air in cracks, thus cracking pieces of rock away from the cliff.

    • Word count: 6997
  3. Supervolcanoes: are we next?

    Over time the pressure within a caldera builds up and eventually blows rupturing the ground around it; this is a super eruption. A super eruption can eject magma, ash, rock, and gas into the atmosphere. This explosion is often times disastrous for surrounding areas causing unrelentless damage. Despite current technology, eruptions and eruption size cannot be forecasted making supervolcanoes an unpredictable killer. Scientists are only able to monitor seismic activity around a supervolcano which often escalates days before a possible super eruption.

    • Word count: 1872
  4. Geog climates

    The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea dried out. It is a geomorphological subsystem of the Alps-Himalaya system. The river Danube divides the plain roughly in half. The plain consists mainly of the Great Hungarian Plain (in the south and east) and the Little Hungarian Plain (in the northwest). Overall, there are five climate zones in Europe. Each climate zone has a particular feature of climate or/and rainfall. For instance, the Mediterranean climate zone has hot dry summers and warm wet winters. The Mediterranean climates is called this because most of the country's which have this climates are very close to the Mediterranean Sea.

    • Word count: 1175
  5. Hunstanton coursework

    It has won sea - side awards for clean and tidy for many years. There are many attractions in Hunstanton including Hunstanton beach, princess theatre, Hunstanton pier entertainment, Hunstanton sea life sanctuary, black beards adventure golf, funfair, Hunstanton garden, Hunstanton lighthouse and kite surfing. The beach gives a pleasant and relaxing atmosphere and the sunset in Hunstanton is very beautiful. The stripped cliffs are very beautiful on the top it is white stone followed by lime stone then red chalk and beneath is green carstone. On top of the striped cliffs is Hunstanton North Promenade, which has lovely gardens and walks overlooking the sea.

    • Word count: 2343
  6. Volcanoes at destructive and constructive margins

    If the magma forces its way up on offshore, then 'island arcs' form. The West Indies and Japan are two examples of island arcs. A constructive margin is where two tectonic plates are diverging away from each other, which causes new crust to be created at the boundary between these two plates. When two plates diverge, initially, a rift valley may occur. Magma rises from the mantle filling in the gaps between the two plates, which can cause submarine volcano to occur.

    • Word count: 1120
  7. Boscastle Flood - Info

    The quote reads, "Ever since I was born, Daddy has been the best father you could ever imagine and I just wanted to say I love him so much". This quote immediately gets rid of any nonsense. It is completely human. It also suggests a high level of love and devotion to the father that she has lost and it presents evidence that he was to her a nice, caring person despite his problems and the opinions of the press.

    • Word count: 2907
  8. A comparison of two retail spheres of influence

    After collecting all the data we need in both high order shop and low order shop, we all input the information into the Arc GIS map software to create a pattern and help us fully understand the clear definition of the Sphere of Influence. Hypothesis The Sphere of influence is larger for the high order store than the Sphere of Influence for the low order store. Since people need daily necessities often, they travel to the closest low order shop.

    • Word count: 1713
  9. The Amazon Rainforest

    Also there are many plants here's a few of them: Bengal Bamboo, Arctic Moss, Balsam Fir, Fringed Sagebrush and Fern. In the rainforest there are layers as shown. First there is the forest floor which is the earth. Then there's the shrub layer which is where all of the leaves off the trees and the bushes are. Then there's the under store or the under canopy which is where all the new trees are. Then there's the canopy which is the fall grown normal size trees where most animals live.

    • Word count: 1093
  10. Evidence of techtonic Plates

    After this he found evidence of the Permo-Carboniferous ice-age era that peaked some 280 million years agowhich was scattered over almost half the Earth, including the hottest deserts. On Alfred's completed puzzle map, however, it clustered neatly around the South Pole because Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and India had once comprised a Southern Hemisphere supercontinent (Gondwanaland or now referred to as pangea). To explain this data, Wegener proposed the theory of continental drift in a book (he wrote to notify the public)

    • Word count: 961
  11. How does flooding affect the environment and the lives of people?

    * Communications- communications can be cut off and wires made a dangerous hazard. Positive * Deposition of silt onto the floodplain makes soil fertile, which is good for agriculture * Regular flooding on floodplains helps support farming. What can be done to solve the problem of flooding? Floods can be managed so that the scale of disaster is lower such as: * Rivers can be straightened * If there are levees they can be raised higher * Dredging river beds (removing sediment and silt)

    • Word count: 1448
  12. Comparison between Cambridge park and candie gardens

    Hypotheses Traffic and transport * There will be more traffic around Cambridge Park, as opposed to Candie Gardens; I believe Cambridge Park is the more popular site out of the two, so there should be more traffic going towards it. * There will be more transport around Cambridge Park as opposed to Candie Gardens; Cambridge Park has better traffic links around it and also I believe the more popular site so should have better transport links. * Candie Gardens will have less parking zones in comparison to Cambridge Park; If Cambridge Park has more traffic flow in and out of it everyday then it should have more parking then Candie Gardens.

    • Word count: 4458
  13. Tourism leaflet

    winter. In addition, there is a time of year where the sun does Not shine for about 4 months. In addition, Antarctica is unique because It is full of ice, and being there will be very peaceful and cold. Moreover, the day is 6months long and the night is obviously 6 months long too. Antarctica is the one place where the penguins can be found. Penguins cannot be found in the arctic region because it is colder. And also, Antarctica Is a place where the rarest species of animals can be found. Why are tourists attracted to Antarctica? Tourists are attracted to Antarctica because it is very hard to get to by ordinary means of travel.

    • Word count: 1369
  14. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake

    Today, this figure has been revised to an estimate of at least 3,000, Most of the deaths occurred in San Francisco itself, but 189 were reported elsewhere in the Bay Area. Between 225,000 and 300,000 people were left homeless out of a population of about 410,000; half of the evacuees fled across the bay to Oakland and Berkeley. The overall cost of the damage from the earthquake was estimated at the time to be around $400 million ($6.5 billion in 2009 dollars).

    • Word count: 953
  15. Easedale and Glacial Features

    While doing this, I kept in mind a few questions that would help me reach a suitable conclusion. 1. In which direction did the former glacier/s flow? 2. What evidence is there in the landforms of Easedale Valley of glaciation? 3. Why is the Easedale Tarn located where it is? Using the techniques mentioned above, and keeping the above questions in mind, I studied Easedale, which is located in the county of Cumbria, in Lake District National Park. The study location is situated north-west of the town of Grasmere.

    • Word count: 1304
  16. 2009 Year 4 Geography Term 3 Week 1 Assignment

    They also prevent excessive cooling of the earth by absorbing outgoing terrestrial radiation. The atmosphere is divided into four main layers and they are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere and the thermosphere. The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere that is closest to earth and it extends up to 18km in the atmosphere from the equator of the earth's surface. The troposphere contains dust, water vapour and other particulates and is also the layer of the atmosphere where weather occurs.

    • Word count: 407
  17. 2009 Year 4 Geography Term 3 Week 3 Assignment

    For example in the Polar Regions or the Arctic Circle, the angle of incidence is extremely small. As the sun's rays are spread over a larger area, the heat is not as concentrated and is diffused. Because of the earth's spherical shape, the distance that the sun's rays reach the earth's surface is longer. Hence, more solar radiation would be lost via reflection, absorption and scattering. This is how latitude affects the temperature of an area. Another factor that affects the temperature would be altitude.

    • Word count: 2043
  18. What are the impacts of Global warming on people & the enviroment?

    * Higher temperatures will make water from oceans and seas expand. There will be more frequent floods and droughts. * Ice melting in Greenland and the Antarctic will flow into the sea. * Large areas of farmland will be ruined and will affect crops grown in different parts of the world. This would lead to many countries not having enough food which would lead to starvation. * The changing landscape will endanger several species of animals and plants, which will not be able to cope with these changes.

    • Word count: 376
  19. Urban regeneration

    Aims and Hypothesis: Hypothesis 1: The effects of Stratford City will have more positive impact than negative ones. Hypothesis 2: Stratford City redevelopment will improve the economy of the area. Hypothesis 3: The environmental impact of Stratford City redevelopment will be positive once completed. Throughout the process of investigating these hypothesises, I will do some work individually, however I will do some stuff in pairs or a group. I will do practical work such as surveying and data collection in a pair/ group.

    • Word count: 7924
  20. Climate change + Solutions

    Successfully overcoming such a huge problem such as climate change requires the cooperation and willingness of the entire world. There comes a time where we have to accept responsibility for our actions. That time is now. It is not too late to correct the mistake we have made, however we need less talk and more action. The policies of mitigation and adaption which traditionally have been the main two policies in combating climate change have proved to be limiting in their effectiveness (Parry, 2009:1-2).

    • Word count: 660
  21. Coastal case study - Blakeney Point, Norfolk

    It is controlled by the National trust and part of the national nature reserve. How was Blakeney Point formed? Blakeney is a spit that was formed by a process called Longshore drift because of erosion along the coastal line. The process of deposition happens, the movement of sand along the coast by sea waves.

    • Word count: 251
  22. Earthquakes. On March 28th, 1964 an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.2 hit Anchorage, Alaska, leaving 131 people dead. This would soon be known as the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history. This was called the Great Alaska Earthquake.

    This was called the "Great Alaska Earthquake". This powerful earthquake produced liquification in the region. Ground fissures and failures caused major structural damage in several communities, much damage to property and several landslides. Anchorage sustained great destruction or damage to many houses, buildings, and infrastructure. Two hundred miles southwest, some areas near Kodiak were permanently raised by 30 feet. East of Anchorage, areas around the head of Turnagain Arm near Portage dropped 8 feet. requiring reconstruction and fill to raise the Seward Highway above the new high tidemark.

    • Word count: 768
  23. Environmental Essay

    Around the world, individuals need to see that effects it has on our wildlife and try to change their lifestyles, in order to shape our future. Since global warming is putting a toll on our animal species, the animals are being forced to alter their migration patterns, in order to adapt to the climate conditions, or be forced to not migrate at all. This creates difficulties for the animals that seek alternative migration habitats. The effects of temperature change is exceptionally hurtful towards particular species because of their way of life.

    • Word count: 960
  24. Global warming

    The global temperature is slowly warming because of the greenhouse effect. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and water vapor makes much solar radiation is getting trapped in the Earth's atmosphere. While half of the solar radiation should be reflected back into the space and the remainder is absorbs by land and oceans, warming the earth's surface. The solar radiation cannot escape the atmosphere as easily due to the absorption by the greenhouse gases. With excess greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere would make the solar radiation being trapped too much, making the earth's global temperature to rise.

    • Word count: 528

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