Tourism Theory

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Tourism Theory

Tourism is the largest and fastest growing industry in the world, and is set to become the largest employer. In 2000, there were nearly 700 million tourists, and in 2020, there will be around 1.6 billion. Many factors affect tourism growth:  aging population, shorter working week, longer paid holidays, greater affluence and greater mobility.

Aging population

Because we’re living longer, staying healthier, taking earlier retirements and staying much more active in later life this gives us more time to travel in retirement. Some elderly people contribute to domestic tourism by travelling to see relatives within the UK. 


As you can see, above are the statistics for the amount of people over 60 who took holidays at least once a year if not more.

Shorter working week

The reduction in working hours over the past 10 centuries has given us more money

Almost all workers aged 18 and over are entitled to the minimum wage.

There is a lower minimum wage of £4.60 for those aged 18 to 21.

Freelance and temporary workers are entitled to the minimum        wage.

Workers aged 16 and 17 (except apprentices) are entitled to a     minimum of £3.40 per hour

European legislation on working time

A limit of an average of 48 hours a week which a worker can be required to work (though workers can choose to work more if they want to).

A limit of an average of 8 hours work in 24 which night workers can be required to work.

Greater Affluence

As the generations pass the British public are richer than ever. People are paying off their mortgages earlier and not having to financially support their children. Even people on the lowest wages have TV’s and DVD players not to mention mobile phones. Half a century ago “poor” meant not enough money to feed yourself, in the modern day world however not having the latest games console and pair of trainers makes you “poor”.

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Greater Mobility

The increase in car ownership over the last ninety years has made travelling easier. Along with the introduction of package holidays the increase in motorways built in the 1950’s allowed people to travel

In recent years competition between budget airlines alongside tourism programmes have transformed tourism.

in the 1970’s has slowed down tourism. The introduction of 70mph speed limits and the speed restriction on almost all cars today of 155mph are slower than the 1960s. Modern day aeroplanes are slower than the Concorde’s and 747’s invented in the 1960s. The concern for the ...

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