• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

UK History and Changing Employment Sectors

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐During the 1800s in the United Kingdom most of the population were employed in the primary sector, people worked on their lands and made income from agriculture. During the industrial revolution Britain was the leading industrialised nation in textiles, steel manufacturing , ship building etc. This is the secondary sector in all its glory working to full capacity. The secondary sector takes raw materials from the primary sector turns them into manufactured products or goods. By 1900s 50% of the population were working in the secondary sector, when machines were invented it meant that less people were needed to work on the land or industry. There was a technological take over this is where machines were taking over peoples jobs because they were more efficient. ...read more.

Middle

In the uk there is a low percentage of people employed in the primary sector because machines and automation have taken over also the raw materials supply is diminishing. However, the ?primary? sector is no longer primary in the 21st century. The productivity of this sector has declined in recent years partly because of the extinction of some ?non-renewable? resources such as agricultural land, oil, coal and other minerals. These mineral resources are limited in supply and in due course get completely used up. Finding new sources becomes very difficult and more expensive hence the importation of non-renewable resources from other countries. The secondary sector has also declined because the cost of labour and safety standards have increased, there is also an increase in technology meaning machines replicate what 20 people can do in minutes. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means people can spend their money on holidays, eating out, cinemas etc. The tertiary sector has less scope for automation than the primary and secondary sectors so workers cannot be easily replaced. The tertiary sector is the main growth area. Most people work in hospitals, schools, offices and financial services. Also, as people have more free time and become wealthier there is a greater demand for leisure services. Therefore more jobs become available in the tertiary sector. Below is a chart which shows the changing employment structure in the uk from the 1800s to present day there is a huge decline in the primary and secondary sectors and rise in tertiary sector. Currently the uk has 82% population working in the tertiary sector and 15% in the seconday sector and around 3% in the primary sector. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/economic_change/characteristics_industry_rev3.shtml ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. World Resources

    Artificial/Man made Diamonds 'Science have finally found a way to make diamonds-Bad News for Sierra Leone' this was a news headline a few years ago form the BBC. Everyone knew the time would come when science would be able to find a way to make diamonds.

  2. CHP Potential in Indian Industrial Sectors

    Distilleries generate a large amount of waste water (spent wash) having high COD and BOD values. The waste water cannot be discharged directly without reducing COD/ BOD values below State Pollution Control norms. However, the waste water can generate biogas through biomethanation and biogas can be further utilized for the

  1. Enquiry: Investigation into Retail.

    It also shows the distribution of how the total no. of people were distributed between Rotherham CBD and Parkgate. As I've explained, everyone who I surveyed in Rotherham CBD came from Rotherham, whereas the people who I surveyed in Parkgate were more evenly distributed between the four towns that make up South Yorkshire.

  2. A Brief History of Snowdonia National Park

    The picture is looking east. Figure 1.3 - The location of my pedestrian and litter survey. The picture is looking west. Traffic Survey The traffic survey was conducted in a 15 minute time period by every single group in the same place. One person counted the cars travelling west (towards Snowdon)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work