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GCSE: Child Development

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  1. Importance of Play

    Solitary play Parallel play Looking - on play Cooperative play Solitary play - This is playing alone, unaccompanied. From the ages of BIRTH - TWO years old is often the only type of play observed. However, older children will continue to have times when they will enjoy playing alone. Parallel play - By the time children reach the age of TWO years old, they will begin to enjoy parallel play. This is where they play alongside and next to other children but not play with them. Looking - on play - Looking - on play occurs from about THREE years old.

    • Word count: 811
  2. School Uniform

    pupils are less likely to get lost whilst on school trips if they are wearing school uniform because they all look the same non of them look like a member of the public this brings back the matter of individuality. Also when pupils are in exams they would much rather feel conformable then look smart and get low marks. As a result of this my condition it that non-school uniform is better even though that uniform looks smart non-uniform is sensible due to individuality and you will not need to spend loads of money on uniform every year.

    • Word count: 738
  3. According to Harris and Butterworth (2002) "We can view adolescence as the period that most flexibly combines biological, social and historical factors" (p324) examine some of those factors and explain how they relate to the experience of adolescents in e

    My final part will include the historical factors and implications of prejudices, as well as stereotypes. Stereotypes can have a very negative impact on adolescents and their experience of education and society. I then will conclude all my findings and compare them. Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood according to Sprinthall and Collins 1988:60. According to Sprinthall and Collins 1988:59 "adolescents is the period of the most intense and extensive biological changes since birth" This means that during adolescents a person will undergo more changes in the body than they have before. There are many biological factors that affect adolescents puberty is one.

    • Word count: 2215
  4. Free essay

    The Caucasian Chalk Circle-Plot/subplot

    Grusha then shares this with the ladies. As the room has no beds, Grusha takes it upon herself to lay out bedding for them to sleep on. They see she is good at this and ask to see her hands in suspicion. They realise she is a working girl as her hands show this and tell her to leave. The innkeeper offers her food as her feels sorry for her. She leaves and carries on her journey when she sees a cottage and leaves the child on the doorstep of a peasant woman.

    • Word count: 1463
  5. Great Exspectations Essay

    Then I am alerted to a sound which warms my freezing body with fear. Crouching lower like a frightened fox in a hunt, petrified that I am about to be caught, I see him! A small thin runt of a boy, but with round rosy cheeks like a fresh apple just plucked from an autumn tree. Eyes wide like saucers, he is dressed in dark pants, a light grey shirt, untucked; it gives the impression of dishevelment. He appears surprised, startled, shocked to see me there. I'd disturbed his innocent peace, replacing it with fear, anxiety, terror; he looked about to cry!

    • Word count: 1133
  6. Free essay

    Your Shoes English Essay

    The noise stops abruptly, four pairs of eyes turn to look at me, sorry I hear someone mutter. I turn around and return to my bed. I am wide awake now. I glance at the shadows on my bedroom wall and allow my mind to drift back to another time, another life! I see their faces and wonder what they are doing, how the past few years have treated them. Do they think of me? Do they care? My life has changed so much, I've changed so much. When I left I felt such anger and resentment. I was an only child you see. They, my parents had me late in life and I was such a disappointment.

    • Word count: 667
  7. Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care

    2. they then understand this idea 3. they express the idea, through verbal or non verbal communication 4. the other person sees and/or hears their message 5. they develop a feeling from this message 6. they understand their feeling 7. they express their feeling through verbal or non verbal communication 8. The first person sees and/or hears their feeling. And then the cycle starts again. And it leads into a conversation. Types of communication There are many different types of communication; and people can communicate in lots of different ways. Verbal communication includes things like: * Writing a letter * Leaflets * Phone calls * Shouting * Email * Discussion * Prayer And lots more...

    • Word count: 786
  8. Lentils and Lillies

    Later in the text the reader is told that if she is going to have a husband and kids, her husband will be responsible for half the childcare and housework. She believes in justice. Her negative attitude towards marriage and housewives could be because of her view upon her mother. Her mother worked very hard when Jade was a child and Jade was brought up by au pairs. She looks at her mother as a taut figure who is very controlling.

    • Word count: 876
  9. Consider the extent to which psychological theories have been successful in explaining attachments.

    This means that the caregivers become condition reinforcers and eventually leads to the infant feeling secure when the caregiver is present. The latter is the basis or a part of the basis for Bowlby's later Evolutionary theory. In the Behaviourist approach the main theory on attachment formation is the Learning theory, where there are two types of "learning" or conditioners, classical - the child associates an action or sound to being fed or to being attended to, e.g. the child associates the sound of footsteps coming towards it with being fed and so begins to salivate and feel hungry, and operant - the child associates being certain behaviours with being either rewarded or being punished, e.g.

    • Word count: 1019
  10. How does Heaney explore cruelty, pain and neglect in 'Limbo' and 'Bye-Child'?

    "Limbo", opens with, "Fishermen at Ballyshannon, netted an infant last night". The opening line, informs us that an infant has been found in the waters. The use of the word, "netted", shows how unimportant the child is, it has just been hauled in with the fishes, "Along with the salmon", just another catch for the fishermen. Heaney then goes on to state exactly why the child came to this morbid fate, he was an, "Illegitimate spawning", the mother became pregnant out of wedlock, but the negative use of, "spawning" poses the imagery that the child was something grotesque to society and unwanted by religion and social surroundings.

    • Word count: 1829
  11. memory test

    To begin with the child will be given two different coloured tiles. These will then be placed face down and the child will be asked to remember which colour tile is which. More different coloured tiles will be introduced gradually and the child will have to progressively remember more and more tiles at each stage. As this is a monitored game safety will be high. Finding the resources and making the game took approximately 1 hour and 45 minutes and I spent 1 hour playing the game with Caitlyn.

    • Word count: 502
  12. citizenship coursework b

    be educated in England have not helped allay suspicions that she used her power and money to manipulate the authorities," This quote entirely supports the allegations of this issue, that anyone whom acquires large amounts of money, is usually presented with the benefit of power. Never the less, I would personally say that Madonna's celebrity status has had an impact on the amount of bias involved. In comparison to Ewan McGregor's recent Mongolian adoption, it is lucid that Madonna's adoption has undergone immense scrutiny- where as Ewan McGregor has been offered nothing but appraisal.

    • Word count: 1054
  13. Types of children's behaviour and strategies to deal with these

    Passivity- This is when a child chooses not to do something, or withdraws themselves from a situation. Examples of this include: * Elective mutism * Withdrawal In the nursery at my first placement there was a girl who always played alone and if others tried to play with her or talk to her she would walk away. Special needs- Children with special needs that have emotional and/or social difficulties may show disruptive behaviour. "There are those children whose problems have an effect on themselves; and there are others whose problems are shown by the way they interact with other people."

    • Word count: 2380
  14. Identify and describe the different care needs for the following age ranges: 0-1, 1-3, 3-5, 5-8

    They won't actually be able to take solids until approximately 6months when they start to chew. Before this, food would need to be pureed for safety, and for encouragement of new tastes and textures. The feeding times of a baby also need to be considered. A baby also needs shelter and a safe environment in order to feel secure. Clothing for 0-1years needs to allow unrestricted movement, be easy to put on and off, be suitable to the environment and temperature, and be made of natural materials for the baby's skin to breathe. Safety is also an important factor in clothing as ribbons and buttons could be choking hazards.

    • Word count: 1424
  15. ethics essay

    Whether or not people intervene depends on how severe the child is being slapped or beaten. If the child is unruly and knocking items off of shelves and the mom or dad grabs the kid and strikes him across the face that would be considered child abuse and it would become necessary to intervene, maybe not by yourself, but by calling the CPS or even calling the police officer that is usually stationed in a supermarket to prevent these kinds of things. What wouldn't be considered child abuse is if the parent pulled the child aside and lectured him or her on about their bad behavior.

    • Word count: 530
  16. personal statement

    I struggled to see any kind of career in my future. I was always a very capable, intelligent girl but never had the esteem or encouragement from anyone to push me forward. I left school with only one qualification - GCSE English - Grade C. I had my first child at 18 and went on to have 3more children and am now married and have the family and love of which I had always dreamed. Although I achieved my original goal, somehow I still felt there was something missing. In November of last year, I finally realised what that was; ambition.

    • Word count: 615
  17. child development and child care

    Fine motor skills: she can build a tower of ten or more cubes. Also she can copy a building pattern of three steps using six cubes or more. She can hold and use a pencil like an adult. She can draw a figure that represents a person showing head, hands, legs and body. She is also able to spread her hands, and can bring her thumbs into opposition with each finger in turn. Her intellectual development is good. She can match and name almost all of the colours and she listens to long stories with attention. She counting up to twenty by rote. She talks about things in the past and the future.

    • Word count: 2821
  18. How a child develops physically

    There are physical skills that a child needs at physical development proceeds. Motor skills; these are skills which need 'co-ordination between brain and muscles' (child care and development by P. Minett). Messages are sent from the brain to the muscles telling them to work. It's then the child that needs the necessary skills to carry out the task. The child will need to practise these skills a lot until they become automatic to them. Gross Motor skills are the 'use large muscles in the body'.

    • Word count: 517
  19. How does Frayn present Stephen in the first four chapters of Spies?

    This shows that Stephen is a typical child, who just wants to play games. Frayn's style of writing suggests that for Stephen and Keith, like many children of that age, the games are 'real'. So when Keith tells Stephen about his mother being a German Spy, they see it as a joke, and they don't take in how serious the matter is. When the b**b was dropped on Miss Durrant's house, Stephen started to get suspicious. So when Keith dropped the bombshell Stephen started to fit things into each other.

    • Word count: 1205
  20. Legal & Welfare

    First of all anyone who want to work with children must have a CRB (Criminal Record Bureau) check. Its aim is to help organisations in the public, private and voluntary sectors by identifying candidates who may be unsuitable to work with children or other vulnerable members of society. Then when a child is at school or goes on a school trip etc... Their parents must fill in a consent form to allow the child to go and to let the parent know what they are doing.

    • Word count: 2165
  21. child dev intial visit first draft

    Khushi is very protective over her toys and possessions. For example she doesn't let anyone touch her baby doll and starts screaming if you do even if you are someone that she doesn't feel comfortable around. This tells me that she wants to be treated like this by her parents (With love and security) and doesn't like intruders getting in the way of her love and protection. I think if her parents were to have another baby it would help Khushi to be more open to other people receiving love from her parents and not just her.

    • Word count: 1069
  22. explain the 5 main areas of childrens development

    There is a strong link to language development and theorists such as Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner all agree with this (Tassoni.P 1999) According to Vygotsky, the development process that begins at birth and continues until death. * Language Development Language and communication is made up of many different forms; sign language, hand gestures, spoken and written, reading, vocal noises, eye contact and body language are all considered forms of communicating. Language is considered a major factor is all of the other areas: "Language and the ability to communicate can radically affect nearly all areas of a child's development..."

    • Word count: 1240
  23. Possible reform to the law concerning the Causing or Allowing the Death of a Child

    to care for the victim or created a danger for the victim. Parameter of "Significant" risk 4. These are the three main parameters9, which the writer considers largely faulty, serving to define the scope of liability imposed by the new offence: 5. First, at the time of the unlawful act, there must be a significant risk of serious physical harm being caused to the victim by a member of the child's household who had frequent contact with the victim. The new offence requires the child to be at a certain high level of risk before it expects the active intervention by the defendant.

    • Word count: 2224
  24. spreadsheet-trip to France - report

    There were a lot of other sites found but I have chosen the best options and the airlines which are very reliable and famous. In the first web site - www.easyjet.com I went to the flight select on the left side of the site. I chose from and where to I want to fly, the date of flying out to London and the date of returning to Belfast and number and group of age of passengers. At first I booked the flight for one adult person which was looking as shown below.

    • Word count: 970

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