Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years. Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.

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Shakila Hanif

  1. Describe the expected stage of social development of:

  • Children aged 4 years.

D1.   Most of the children aged 4 years likes to:

  • Play in groups with other children
  • Takes turns and shares (most of the time) e.g. when using drawing crayons
  • Wants explanations of why? And how? When engaged in conversation
  • Enjoys role play and acting out e.g. super hero
  • Likes to talk, carries on with conversation
  • Changes the rule of a game as he/she goes along
  • Demands for things e.g. for a certain toy
  • Plays more imaginary, acting out like a mother

  • Children aged 5 years.

D2.    Most children aged 5 years will:

  • Now choose their friends e.g. has certain friends they like to play with
  • Takes turns, shares (sometimes) e.g. when drawing and sharing pencil crayons
  • Enjoys co-operative activities and also group play
  • Says please and thank you when offered something to eat or drink
  • Shows kindness to other children, inviting them to play and being helpful
  • Resolves conflicts before seeking adult help
  • Carries on with conversation with adults and children
  • Seeks adult approval

  1. Consider how and why practitioners observe children in the setting:

  • Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.

D3.   Written Narrative – Naturalistic.


       This method is used when what is seen and heard are happening naturally, the observer noticing what the children are doing something when the observer is not directory involved.

      This method describes the process of looking, listening and taking notes. It tells the story as it happens. This type of observation is good for social development because it shows how the children interact with one another it also shows the relationship with other children.

  •  Explain ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage of this method of observing children

 D4.   One advantage of this method is that its convenient and requires no extra or special equipment except a piece of paper and pen, because you wont have to go and search for a pen and paper.

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D4.    One disadvantage is that things might happen too quickly to accurately record every detail; it will require writing fast so you don’t miss out any detail.

Explain how observations can be used to support the development of children

B2.  Observations can support the development of children by finding out specific needs of individual children by carefully looking, listening and noting the activities of a child or a group of children.

Observations can also help practitioners to know how the child or children is or are progressing; they will be able to tell what the ...

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

This is a well laid out essay which makes it easy to read. It meets all the criteria that is listed. The writer could expand in a few areas by discussing why things are done or how they can help the child. ****