Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years.

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Unit 2- The Developing Child                                                                                        Chloe Lukes

 D1- Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years.

Four-year-olds can usually play happily with other children. Your child is learning to understand about the feelings and needs of others, and can feel sympathy for others.

At this age, your child will be organising games and making friends. He can share toys and take turns at least some of the time. But four-year-olds can also be quite bossy, so he might still have a few tantrums when he doesn’t get what he wants.

She might have some favourite games that let her try out adult roles, like ‘mummies and daddies’ or ‘superheroes’.

D2- Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 5 years.

Fiver year olds are becoming more independent and in control of their behaviour. There will be fewer arguments and few tantrums.

They are beginning to understand what it means to follow rules in a game and to be fair. However expect at times that it may be too much to cope with, and he will cheat or get upset or not want to play. Five year olds love to play together rather than playing by themselves.

They will often ask for permission before they do something as they are starting to learn about rules and right and wrong. “Can I” can be heard often. Your 5 year old can be reasoned with. He asks serious questions, and wants to be taken seriously.

D3- Describe one suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.  

Narrative or Recording - you need to be on the ball with narrative but it can be hard doing a recording if other children are present who should not be in the observation.

A structured recording involves looking out for particular skills out for particular skills or behaviour that children show. You could use checklists or tick charts.

There are many advantages to using checklists and tick charts. They are easy and quick to use and they can be repeated on the same child at a later date to see if the child has gained further skills. This means that progress can be mapped. The main disadvantage of this method is that it is quite narrow, as it focuses the observer on looking only for the skills that are on the checklist or tick chart.

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D4- Explain one advantage and one disadvantage of this method of observing children.

The advantage of structured recording is that it’s quick and easy to read and use. The disadvantages are that you will only be able to identify the skills and development they have used which are on the chart.  An example of a structured recording was when we observed each other playing children’s games

D5- Identify the main influences that may affect the social development of children

If a child is neglected of nourishment and/or nurture in the early years, it may not be of the parents ...

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