Development Through the Life Stages

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  Development Through the Life Stages.                                                             Vanessa Addo

  Unit 4


Describe Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social development through the life stages.

In this assignment, I will be describing Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, and Social development through the life stages.

These are the life stages an individual goes through during the course of their life. These stages are:

  • Infancy
  • Childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Adulthood
  • Elderly

Growth is term used to describe an increase in quantity. For example, children grow taller as they get older. Development, is the complex changes involving quality as well as straight forward increases in some measured

Before conception take place the ovary must have released an egg, which is drawn down the fallopian tube towards the uterus. It occurs during the middle of our menstrual cycle. In the process of these, the lining of the womb is preparing for the possibility of a pregnancy and thickens it lining by increasing the blood flow to the tissues as the thinning the cervical mucus allowing sperm to enter. During intercourse between man and woman the sperm is ejaculated into the vagina. Once the sperm enters the uterus, it tries to find the egg by this stage is at the lower end of the fallopian tube.  When the egg and the sperm have met, the sperm enters the egg, which known as fertilisation. When the egg is fertilised it travels down the main part of the uterus and needs to anchor itself in order to develop. The fertilised egg implants into the lining of womb from which it will grow and develop as the pregnancy continues.

Pregnancy is the period used to describe when a woman has growing foetus inside her. The foetus grows in the uterus and it lasts about 40 weeks or more than 9 months, which is from the start of the last menstrual period to the childbirth. As stated in the BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care Book 1 that, during the eight weeks of pregnancy the embryo may have grown to between 3and 4cm, has a recognisable heartbeat and the beginnings of eyes, ears, mouth, legs and arms. At this stage of the pregnancy the embryo is call foetus.  Throughout, the seven months before birth, all the organs continue to develop. At 20 weeks, the foetus will have reached about half the length of the baby at birth and at 32 week, it reached half its birth weight.


Children change in how quickly they develop large motor skills. This development occurs in stages, each building upon the other ones. The environment encourages physical development through explorations. Physical Development helps children gain confidence in what they can do. It enables children to feel the positive benefits of being health active.

  • 2months -Babies focus on your face when you are talking. Their arms and legs movement appears to be uncoordinated. Weak muscles mean that babies are unable to control their head.
  • 3-4months- They beings to develop head control and can lift their chests when placed on the stomach.
  • 4-5months- Babies tend to roll from side to side. By six to seven months they can turn completely over.
  • 7months- Babies can pull themselves up to stand, however they find it difficult sting down again. At eight month they can sit up steadily with the support of their arms
  • 10months- They start to crawl, however some children do not learn to crawl until after they learn to stand.
  • 11months- Babies starts to walk when led the hands or holding on to furniture
  • 12-15months- They can stand without hold on to any objects and beings to walk.
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At this stage infants turn to interact more with their parents. By two years, they will being to smile when held and also show excitement and pleasure towards their carers. They make sounds to respond when parents talk. At five months, infants can differentiate familiar and unfamiliar people.

During emotional development, infants form strong attachments towards their loves ones and often feel uneasy when they are separated them. In 1953 Bowlby argued that infants have an in built need to form an attachment with a career, however too much of this attachment may affect emotional development for the rest of ...

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This is an essay that starts well in the discussion of infancy and childhood. However, as with many essays of this nature, the writer has not included the same detail in the later life stages. There is much that can be added about self concept, person development and bereavement in the later life stages that can be just as interesting as child development and would enhance this essay greatly.