Individual Needs in Health & Social Care

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Unit 3: Individual Needs in Health & Social Care



What is this unit about? The aim of this unit is to the aim of this unit is to enable learners to gain the knowledge, understanding and skills related to meeting individual needs. Knowledge and understanding of the needs of individuals is fundamental to delivering effective health and social care. Assessment of the needs of individuals is necessary before a plan can be developed to meet their needs. In this unit learners will explore different needs in relation to MASLOWS hierarchy of needs and consider how needs may vary at different life stages. The unit requires learners to gather relevant information from an individual to enable identification of the general needs of an individual and to use the information from this assessment to develop a plan to improve the individual’s general health and wellbeing.

Scenario: you are a trainee health and social care support worker. You have been asked your supervisor to prepare a presentation detailing an action plan created by you for an individual that will help them to improve their overall health and well being.

Learning outcomes:

On completion of this unit a learner should:

  1. Know everyday needs of individuals.
  2. Understand factors that influence the health and needs of individuals.
  3. Be able to plan to meet the health and wellbeing needs of an individual.

Section 1: p1 outline the everyday needs of individuals

All human beings have needs. Some of these needs are universal but others vary according to life stag. According to Abraham Maslow, all individuals have five main hierarchy needs which are required for development and survival. This is shown in his hierarchy of needs.


All humans being have physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual needs (pies) that very across


Physical needs: Physical aspects are all the needs we have to keep our bodies working as well as they can. Everyone’s  bodies are different, there are certain we all share, such as good and nutritious food, clean water, shelter and an unpolluted environment to live in. sometimes we take part in activities which can be harmful to us physically, such as taking drugs, smoking, drinking alcohol excessively or not taking enough exercise. These damage our bodies so that our physical needs are not met.

Intellectual needs: this needs develop and keep our brains working as well as possible. They include mental activity and stimulation to keep us motivated and interested, rather than bored. Children meet their intellectual needs by constantly exploring and questioning the world around them. With intellectual achievements and learning throughout our lives to keep our brain active.

Emotional needs: emotional needs are met when we experience things that make us feel happy and wanted and give us a positive self-concept, such as affection, good relationships, fulfilment, love and respect. Emotional needs changes as we grow and develop. We need to be able to feel, express and recognise different emotions in order to cope with different situations that arise throughout our lives. Sometimes these emotions can be sad, such as grief after the death of a friend or relative.

Social needs: these are the aspect of our life that enables us to develop and enjoy good relationships and friendships with others. It is important that we have family and friends, and belong to groups or are part of a community, in order to have a sense of belonging and to feel that we are accepted.

Spiritual needs: spirituality means different things to different people. That will include religion or what providers a sense of personal meaning throughout your life. Spiritual needs are needs based on our personal beliefs and are unique to each of us.

Needs in relation to life stages

Human have similar needs however needs are very even though at every single stage of life we have the same needs, (as shown in Maslow’s hierarchy). In order to develop positively, the way we fulfil these needs vary according to age. The information below is a summary of our P.I.E.S.S at different life stages.


Section 2: (p2) explain factors which affect every day needs of individuals.

Lifestyle factors:

  • Personal hygiene: personal hygiene could include areas such as cleaning teeth regularly (at least twice a day) taking a daily bath or shower; keeping nails cleans and trimmed; and washing hair regularly. Personal hygiene can be controlled by sustaining high standards of personal care and humans have been aware of the importance of hygiene for thousands of years. The ancient Greeks spent many hours in the bath, using fragrances and make-up in an effort to beautify themselves and be presentable to others.
  • Smoking: smoking tobacco, usually in cigarettes, in legal. However, it is addictive and a major cause of ill health, preventable disease and death. All smoking material packaging now carry a government health warning and it is illegal in the UK to smoke indoors in a public place such as an office or pub. Just one cigarette can keep the heart from using oxygen properly for up to 24 hours. It releases enough poison to rough up the side of a blood vessel wall in the heart which will start or increase the narrowing of the blood vessel and reduce the blood flow to the heart muscle and the body. The hazard of smoking is: Heart disease and poor circulation mean: increase blood pressure, Increase risk of heart attack and narrowing of the arteries.
  • Alcohol and substance abuse: consumption of alcohol is socially accepted in many cultures and can be pleasurable in moderation. alcohol is addictive and excessive drinking causes many illness and problems such as liver and brain damage. Alcohol: socially acceptable, widely available and promoted in a way that no other drug has ever been. In fact alcohol is so common and often for sale at such cheap prices that it has become the subject of national concern.
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 However alcohol still has a unique and often positive position, reputation and     status in our society. This can make it difficult to recognize when drinking is no   longer healthy but has developed into more of a problem.

 Before alcoholism or alcohol dependency there will be a period of misuse, when the person concerned is beginning to drink above normal levels. It is during this window that, if addressed, it is possible for dependency to be averted and consequently a great    deal of future harm and suffering can be avoided. 

Exercise: exercise improves our strength, ...

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

This is a rather confusing essay that does not always stick to the point. It contains a lot of unnecessary information that could have been condensed. The writer has not listed all the factors that affect health and really needs to try and conduct more research into this. It could be enhanced by building up explanations. Often there are good descriptions but they fail to actually explain the point. ***