P4: Explain potential differences in care needs of individuals at different life stages
Whatever life stage that a person is undergoing they will have certain care needs. These care needs can be placed into several categories. In this essay I will be explaining the care needs of individuals during infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age. I will explain how these care needs can be similar at each life stage but also be comparing the different life stages and explaining how care needs may be different. The categories that I will be using when explaining these care needs are physical care needs, intellectual care needs, emotional care needs and social care needs.
Every individual has physical, intellectual, emotional and social care needs. Physical care needs are to do with our bodies and trying to maintain the effective functioning of our bodies. Intellectual care needs involve the mind and brain and the need to learn new things and keep the mind and brain functioning effectively. Emotional care needs involve our feelings and being able to understand our own feelings as well as other peoples feelings. Finally our social care needs involve a person’s relationships and maintain health social relationships. It is important that all of these care needs are provided for people at different life stages for them to grow and develop as a healthy individual person. Combining these health needs together is known as catering for a person’s holistic needs.
Each individual has basics physical needs. Everybody has the need for a healthy balanced diet and water. However, there may be differences to what a healthy balanced diet will be made up of regarding the age of a person. During infancy the baby will need breast or bottle milk and they will also need to bottle to be sterilised properly to stop them getting poorly as their immune systems are not as strong during this life stage. As they get older they will need to be weaned onto the solid foods and get the correct amount of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and minerals. Because their digestive systems are smaller they will not need as much carbohydrates as a other life stages as they will not be able to digest the food as easily. During adolescence the need for more energy increases because the young person is rapidly growing and they need much more energy. During adolescence girls may need extra sources of iron because they lose this mineral in their blood during their periods. In old age a balanced diet needs may change due to requiring more fat in the diet to put weight on. This would happen when an old person may have lost weight due to being in hospital and having an operation. Too much fat in the diet during adulthood would not advised and health professionals such as GPs, nurses and dieticians would be advising against diets that are high in saturated fats as this could lead to circulatory problems, heart disease and stroke.