Public Health Unit 12 P1 Describe key aspects of public health in the UK

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P1 – Describe key aspects of public health in the UK

Introduction: In this task I will be producing a description of each approach to health education. I will also use examples that may help my explanations. There are 6 key aspects of public health I will be talking about are:

  • Monitoring the health status of the population
  • Identifying the health needs of the population
  • Controlling communicable diseases
  • Promoting the health of the population
  • Developing programs to reduce risk and screen for disease early on
  • Planning and evaluating the provision of health and social care

  • Monitoring the health status of the population

Monitoring the health status means tracking changes in the health of the population and alerting people to potential problems for example: the rising levels of obesity within the population. Another example can be that in another country the drug use can rise due to certain amount of people taking drugs. While monitoring the health status’s of the population we should be very aware that in certain countries is very much different. Health problems can rise in America, whereas in the United Kingdom it can be very low.

Although the basic purposes of monitoring are few, the uses for monitoring data are many and have been well described elsewhere. The purpose of a particular monitoring system may depend on the level of understanding a population and its health problems and the causes of particular health problems. If the population and its health status are well understood, the principles purposes of monitoring would be able to assess the effectiveness if interventions or controls and to detect new problems.

When a new problem is recognised, the initial working definition may be general and may be a combination of symptoms and signs. As the problem and its causes, risk factors and biological effects are characterised, the definition often becomes more specific. For example; the definitions of AID’s used for monitoring has become more specific as the disease has become better understood in certain areas.

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There are two basic strategies for obtaining information. 1) Volunteer or paid agents of the monitoring system can actively and systematically collect data concerning health problems affecting the population. 2) The population or health care provider can make unsolicited reports concerning the health problems such as consumer product complaints or reports of adverse effects of drugs or diseases. Depending on the observed public importance of the health problems for example: rabies, infections, illnesses, etc…

Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. There are 3.2 million people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK and an estimated 630,000 people who ...

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