There are two basic strategies for obtaining information. 1) Volunteer or paid agents of the monitoring system can actively and systematically collect data concerning health problems affecting the population. 2) The population or health care provider can make unsolicited reports concerning the health problems such as consumer product complaints or reports of adverse effects of drugs or diseases. Depending on the observed public importance of the health problems for example: rabies, infections, illnesses, etc…
Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. There are 3.2 million people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK and an estimated 630,000 people who have the condition, but don’t know it. Diabetes is a very common illness in any age. Type 2 diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 40, though in South Asian people, who are at greater risk, it often appears from the age of 25. It is also increasingly becoming more common in children, adolescents and young people of all ethnicities. Type 2 diabetes accounts for between 85 and 95% of all people with diabetes and is treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity. In addition to this, medication and/or insulin are often required. In Type 2 diabetes there is not enough insulin (or the insulin isn’t working properly), so the cells are only partially unlocked and glucose builds up in the blood.
I have included a graph which shows the occurrence of diabetes in age:
- Identifying the health needs of the population
By identifying the health needs of the population the aim is to accurately find their health needs of service users. Most doctors are used to assessing the health needs of their individual patients. Through professional training and clinical experience, professionals have developed a regular approach to this assessment and use it before they start a treatment that they trust to believe to be effective. The health needs of individual patients coming through the consulting room door may not reflect the wider health needs of the community.
If people have a health problem that they believe cannot be helped by the health service, then they will not attend. Individual needs and the wider needs of the community is important in the planning and provision of local health services. If these needs are ignored then there is a danger of approach to providing health services, which relies too heavily on what a few people perceive to be the needs of the population rather than what they actually are. For example: A patient goes to his local GP to get advised on his weight. The service user gets told he is obese and to overcome this he will get a free pass to go gym and should do other exercising activities and not only rely on gym. Also this means to check what and how his eating, to be more specific and careful.
Health needs assessment is the organised approach to ensuring that the health service uses its resources to improve the health of the population in the most efficient way. Health needs are those that can benefit from health care or from wider social and environmental changes.
The statistic in the diagram shoes the increasing number of overweight individuals around the world in different type of counties. The reason why USA obesity level has risen is due to the food that is provided. For example: the amount of calories in one burger and chips is 10 x’s fatter then in UK. This is why the obesity level has gone up.
- Controlling communicable diseases
Reducing the impact of infectious diseases will help save a lot of lives. Control of diseases must be collaborative. While communication between countries and regions must be open and disease tracking coordinated, public health approaches and vaccine schedules may vary depending upon disease rates, population vulnerability and public health resources.
The most documented and commonly occurring diseases are water-borne diseases (diarrhoeal diseases and Leptospirosis). Diarrhoeal diseases cause over 40 percent of the deaths in disaster and refugee camp settings. Outbreaks have also been related to shared water containers and cooking pots, scarcity of soap and contaminated food, as well as pre-existing poor sanitary infrastructures, water supply and sewerage systems
In the statistics it shows how diseases and conditions have gone up in the USA and also the medical cost for the major chronic diseases that will have to be paid for. As more diseases have been arriving and passing on the statistics show the risen diseases.
- Promoting the health of the population
Population health is defined as the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group. These groups are often geographic populations such as nations or communities, but can also be other groups such as employees, ethnic groups, disabled persons, or any other defined group. The health outcomes of such groups are of relevance to policy makers in both the public and private sectors.
The study of population health is focused on understanding health and disease in community, and on improving health and well-being through priority health approaches addressing the disparities in health status between social groups. There are a number of populations, smaller group who do not enjoy the same level of health as the general population and identified as priority population groups.
- Developing programs to reduce risk and screen for disease early on
Attempting to reduce the levels of ill health by introducing new programmes that identify people as being ‘at risk’ of a condition and engaging them in preventative programmes. For example: a doctor identifying that someone is at risk of developing diabetes because of their obesity and referring them to a weight management programme for support in losing weight.
The statistic shows new cases of diagnosed diabetes among the United States ages 18-79 years. It explains that in 1980 the rate of diagnosed diabetes was low, because diabetes wouldn’t occur as much as it does now. However it has started to go up slowly and reached a very high point in records due to the amount of people who had suffered and been diagnosed from diabetes.
- Planning and evaluating the provisions of health and social care
The Needs and assessment cuts across a number of key areas of spending, and represents and determined and interesting piece of work, with each of the separate studies being significant projects in their own right. The government has always allowed private health care. Many doctors work both for the NHS and privately, so patients who want private health care have the choice to receive private healthcare in NHS hospitals or attend a private hospital. Planning and evaluating the provision of health and social care is accessing the facility to the relevant health services and whether or not they are having sufficient impact on the problem. A crucial part of evaluating health care is accessing the quality of health care.
Appointing or planning health care begins with an assessment of needs. This requires information on
- Areas & Unmet needs
- Incidence/or occurrence of disease(s) of notice
- Effectiveness of involvements available
Conclusions: I have spoken about the figures and statistics of the 6 aspects. I have usen some source from the internet that is from my bibliography. I have used the Health and Social Care book as well as this has helped me find my information and source.