Children's problems are most fruitfully seen as social constructions, that is, located in social relationships and arising from how other people in the child's life view the child's behaviour'. Discuss
Mrs Tracey Goode: T6164966. Children's problems are most fruitfully seen as social constructions, that is, located in social relationships and arising from how other people in the child's life view the child's behaviour'. Discuss this statement, with particular reference to the problem of developing a clinical formulation. When a child is behaving differently from what is regarded as the 'norm' a parent, teacher or social worker, which feels it is beyond their control, will seek professional help. These judgements can be subjective and ambiguous. The judgements that we make are placed against social strands and will vary depending on individual characteristics e.g. morals and expectations, families and different cultures. What one person may regard as deviating from the 'norm' another may not. This essay is going to illustrate the problems of understanding child's behaviour by looking at how different psychological perspectives perceive social influence on children's behaviour, the controversy surrounding how people perceive children's behaviour and therefore why it is hard to develop a clinical formulation. As a society whether it be parents, teachers or friends, we generally pick up on when children have problems due to their behaviour deviating from the norm. Understanding what is not the 'norm' in children's behaviour is hard to categorise and define. It can be seen as
Factors Affecting Equality/Diversity
Factors Effecting Equality There are many reasons why diversity affects equality and the effect that discrimination can have on the health and social care sector. The discrimination practice of poor physical care such as ignoring the needs of people who are different, i.e. in the form of neglect, devaluing and exclusion, could cause depression and anxiety or anger and aggression and/or a feeling of not belonging in the care setting The discrimination practice of avoiding people because they are different, i.e. in the form of avoiding, devaluing, and exclusion, could cause a loss of confidence and/or withdrawal from other people. The discrimination practice of treating everybody the same such as ignoring their individual needs, i.e. in the form of devaluing, could cause not feeling safe and living in fear of others and/or stress or poor mental health. The discrimination practice of excluding people from activities because they are different, i.e. in the form of devaluing and exclusion, could cause withdrawal from other people and/or a feeling of not belonging in the care setting and/or a loss of confidence in own abilities. The discrimination practice of making assumptions about people such as labelling or stereotyping people, i.e. in the form of verbal abuse, could cause loss of confidence in own abilities and/or not feeling safe and living in fear of others. The
Analysis of questionnaire Negative My client is overweight and does not have a healthy diet or exercise routine
Analysis Physical o Negative My client is overweight and does not have a healthy diet or exercise routine. They have diabetes and a high blood pressure increasing the risks of many diseases and conditions, this combined with there excess weight and unhealthy diet will mean they are more likely to die of serious heart conditions and even cancer. o Positive My client has several positive factors towards there physical health. They are getting 5 fruit and vegetable portions a day and are spending a lot of there day outdoors. They are hygienic and have a routine to which they stick. They are also getting the recommended daily sleeping hours and are not too stressed. Intellectual o Negative My client did not get a full education when they were younger, and the education they did receive was not that good. o Positive My client has many positive factors in terms of there intellectual development. They are taking a course in IT and have already passed a class in hair and beauty. They enjoy watching factual and informative television such as the news and wildlife documentaries. This constantly expands there field of knowledge. Emotional o Negative My client has gone through many emotional issues; most of them are negative and have had a large influence on there life. Probably the most difficult emotional experience for them was the death of there child, not only was
A question of life and death.
3th July 2003 Rebecca Simpson A QUESTION OF LIFE AND DEATH In class we watched two videos, both were about the suffering and pain people went through during he times of either " Life or Death". In the first video a women called Christine Draley-Jones was speaking about her experience. Christine signed a Life Will; a will that says that if anything happened to her that would but her in life or death state she would rather be not treated on, then having any medical help or using drugs for the rest of her life. This is called "Persistent Vegetative State" But when this came this, through a routine operation, she was notified with Spinal Bifida - brain damage. At the moment I feel that even though she has this disease, I don't know why she wouldn't want to give it her best shot in fighting it, rather then giving up straight away. By now Christine was going through a terrible time as she was dieing and wanted to end it straight away, and she thought it was going to happen as she had signed a Life Will, but this didn't happen. In her Will, it all together states that if there was anything to happen to this individual person, leaving them in a critical illness for the rest of there life, then they didn't want to suffer like this and stop all together. Her Will was betrayed and she was kept alive, now spending the rest of her life in a wheel chair. When this happened to
Social Problems and social policy - Your 'solution' will be presented in a report which you are trying to convince the government that they should adopt your proposal.
Social Problems and Social Policy Assignment 2 Samantha Arthington Imagine that you are a member of a leading policy think tank who has been asked by the Government to propose policy solutions to a specific social problem facing the UK. Your 'solution' will be presented in a report which you are trying to convince the government that they should adopt your proposal. The specific social problem that I have chosen to look at is truancy. Truancy is a problem all over the UK and applies to the whole community, not just within schools. Many possible solutions have been endeavoured by the Government for many years, yet truancy is still an ongoing problem throughout the UK. Studies show that truancy has a high correlation with problems within work later on in life. Low attendance in jobs and losing jobs is in correlation with truants, and at a higher rate than that of high attenders at school. It is clear that the knowledge learnt in school is essential for all children and must be compulsory. Also, studies see a high correlation with truants and day time crimes. Education is essential to keeping crime rates down with young juveniles to adults. Low education creates criminals and so there must be new truancy laws put into action immediately. There are many reasons why children take unauthorised absences from school. Truancy cannot simply refer to the child, as
Me-memories ...I try to feel grief, or pain, but instead I feel nothing, just can't. What am I? Do I have no feelings for my loved ones at all.....? I have always regarded myself as being quite normal and fortunate. When I look at others I feel so sorry for them. Why? Because someone in their family has passed away, I always try to sympathise with them, but it seems not to be worth it. I still think that I could never understand their pain, as I myself have not experienced such a tragedy. I am not saying that no one in my family has died. But then I was too young to understand. When I was four, I lost my grandfather (my mother's father). He died of a heart attack in Bangladesh. I was constantly told by my mother that I was very close to him. Four years of my life I had known him, and yet I do not even have a small, tiny memory of him. My sister was five at that time and today she is seventeen years of age and I myself am fourteen. At least she has a vague memory of our grandfather. I feel ashamed when I say that I have no memories of him...What must my family think of me? Everyone has some sort of a memory. Why is it that I have none at all? I remember asking my mother once, Why is it I cannot remember anything about my grandfather? She asked me what I meant but I didn't say anything, feeling that it was wrong of me to ask such a question. Even today my mum still reminds
Examine the problems of defining development.
Geography Essay 28th Feb 2003 Question: Examine the problems of defining development (20 marks) Development is very difficult to define as it has a wide range of meanings and has therefore been used in a variety of ways, by different people or organizations at different times. For example, geographers will link development with improvements in human welfare e.g. greater wealth, better education and health. Many geographers will measure development in terms of the countries HDI (Human Development Index). However, on the other hand economists will link development to developed/developing economies and will use GNP (Gross National Product) and GDP (Gross Domestic Product) to measure it. These are examples of two definitions of development, however it needs to be said that technological improvement and justice are also interrelated features which need to be considered. This essay will detail will examine how development is defined and the relative inaccuracies which surround it. Good, you define terms and introduce the purpose of the essay As mentioned above, many economists use GNP or GDP to measure development. GNP maybe defined as the total value, or output of goods and services which a country produces which become available during a period of tie (usually a year) for consumption or saving plus foreign investments. GNP is usually expressed per capita. Explain why
Oprah Gail Winfrey was born January 29, 1954 on the family farm in Kosciusko, Mississippi. Her dad, Vermon Winfrey, who was stationed as a solider at a loca
By Regina Mosheyeva Oprah Gail Winfrey was born January 29, 1954 on the family farm in Kosciusko, Mississippi. Her dad, Vermon Winfrey, who was stationed as a solider at a local base; and her mother, Vernita Lee, were both young at the time of Oprah's birth. Her parents never married. Shortly after she was born her mother found a job, as a maid, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Oprah was left in the care of her grandmother, Hattie Mae Lee. As a child Oprah never wasted a minute of her young imaginative mind on something that seemed to be boring. Through her early years her only friends were the farm animals. She gave them parts in the plays she made and included them in games. On Sundays Oprah would dress up in her best clothes and go to the Buffalo United Methodist Church, with her grandmother. The church was a very important part of her life, as she grew up. It was at this church that Oprah first spoke in public. Her first performance was at Easter time when she was three. From that day on, she was always the first child to be asked to recite. She recited verses and poems at churches in the Nashville area. Oprah recalls that the other women in the church would say, "Hattie Mae, that child is gifted." At age four the whole town knew that she was gifted. She became known as "the little speaker." Oprah enjoyed bringing her performances to life. Once she was asked what she wanted
Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years. Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.
. Describe the expected stage of social development of: * Children aged 4 years. D1. Most of the children aged 4 years likes to: * Play in groups with other children * Takes turns and shares (most of the time) e.g. when using drawing crayons * Wants explanations of why? And how? When engaged in conversation * Enjoys role play and acting out e.g. super hero * Likes to talk, carries on with conversation * Changes the rule of a game as he/she goes along * Demands for things e.g. for a certain toy * Plays more imaginary, acting out like a mother * Children aged 5 years. D2. Most children aged 5 years will: * Now choose their friends e.g. has certain friends they like to play with * Takes turns, shares (sometimes) e.g. when drawing and sharing pencil crayons * Enjoys co-operative activities and also group play * Says please and thank you when offered something to eat or drink * Shows kindness to other children, inviting them to play and being helpful * Resolves conflicts before seeking adult help * Carries on with conversation with adults and children * Seeks adult approval 2. Consider how and why practitioners observe children in the setting: * Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years. D3. Written Narrative - Naturalistic. This method is used when what is seen and heard are happening
Great Exspectations Essay
Great Expectations Original Writing Task The Boy Cold, wet, shivering, mind muddled from sleep deprivation and hunger, verging on starvation, I propel myself forwards in a trance like state. Away from the marshes, briars and flint cut into my skin like a blade, yet the fear I feel prevents my brain registering the pain. Nettles sting my bruised flesh, but I do not care. The heaviness of the great iron on my leg is a constant reminder of my imminent fate if caught! Unable to stagger another inch I stop, falling to the damp earth. Wrapping my arms around my rag clothed body numb with cold, I huddle close to the grave stones. Trying to train my weary eyes to focus on the words written upon the moss covered stone, in an attempt to stay awake and keep my wits about me, I read George Thomas Smith late of this parish; I shiver again. Then I am alerted to a sound which warms my freezing body with fear. Crouching lower like a frightened fox in a hunt, petrified that I am about to be caught, I see him! A small thin runt of a boy, but with round rosy cheeks like a fresh apple just plucked from an autumn tree. Eyes wide like saucers, he is dressed in dark pants, a light grey shirt, untucked; it gives the impression of dishevelment. He appears surprised, startled, shocked to see me there. I'd disturbed his innocent peace, replacing it with fear, anxiety, terror; he looked about to cry!