Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years. Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.
. Describe the expected stage of social development of: * Children aged 4 years. D1. Most of the children aged 4 years likes to: * Play in groups with other children * Takes turns and shares (most of the time) e.g. when using drawing crayons * Wants explanations of why? And how? When engaged in conversation * Enjoys role play and acting out e.g. super hero * Likes to talk, carries on with conversation * Changes the rule of a game as he/she goes along * Demands for things e.g. for a certain toy * Plays more imaginary, acting out like a mother * Children aged 5 years. D2. Most children aged 5 years will: * Now choose their friends e.g. has certain friends they like to play with * Takes turns, shares (sometimes) e.g. when drawing and sharing pencil crayons * Enjoys co-operative activities and also group play * Says please and thank you when offered something to eat or drink * Shows kindness to other children, inviting them to play and being helpful * Resolves conflicts before seeking adult help * Carries on with conversation with adults and children * Seeks adult approval 2. Consider how and why practitioners observe children in the setting: * Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years. D3. Written Narrative - Naturalistic. This method is used when what is seen and heard are happening
Date of Visit: 16th October 2006 Length of Visit: 2 hours and 40 minutes Place: Park People Present: Sam, Me Aim of Visit-Plan Today I am going to take Sam to the park, which is only about a 10 minute walk from her house. By doing this I should hopefully very easily be able to observe her gross motor skills as there will be a lot of apparatus there for her to play on that will enable her to use the large muscles in her body e.g-climbing frame etc. Whilst at the park I have also planned to play 'Simon says' with her by playing this game I will be able to observe some of her intellectual skills by seeing how she responds to instructions. Observations When Sam found out that we were going to the park she got really excited. As soon as we got there she immediately ran over to the swings and she needed me to start her off on the swing by pushing her once and then she used her legs to make her keep moving. After about two or three minutes she wanted to get off the swing and she asked me to get her off because the swing was a little bit high as her feet didn't touch the floor when she sat on it. She then wanted to go on the slide and ran straight over to it. When she was climbing up the ladder to the slide, another little girl came over to the slide and started climbing up the ladder iswell behind Sam (She looked younger than Sam and I don't think she was above 2 years old).
Unit 1: Section C Introduction All care work is about improving the client's quality of life by meeting people's intellectual, emotional and social needs, as well as their physical needs. One way of doing this is for care practitioners to empower their clients. Care practitioners empower clients by promoting certain values, which are important to both the care practitioner and the client. These values form the basis for a set of principles that help care workers to gibe the kind of care each individual client requires. The principles are also there as guidelines for the General Practitioner and the Nursery Nurse. Promoting anti-discriminatory practice: * Freedom from discrimination. * The right to be different. * Aware of assumptions made surrounding gender, race, age, sexuality, disability and class. * Understand prejudice, stereotyping and labelling their effects. * Use of language (political correctness). Promoting anti-discriminatory In the world today, all people are different, because of this; people find it easy to think that some people are better than others or that some opinions are right, whilst others are wrong - we must always consider the fact that different people see the world in different ways, and that our way of thinking may sometimes seem unusual to someone else. This difference between people is called diversity and we should value it. Unfair
Communications in Care Settings AO1: Give a description of the different types of communication used in care settings. Introduction To communicate with someone is to exchange information or news with them. To communicate is the beginning of understanding. Communication is considered a vital parts of care work as it enables people to store information, without communication, a relationship cannot be develop. As Tearesa Thomson stated when writing about health work, 'Communication is a relationship' (1986). The number of ways in which people can communicate with can communicate with each other differs: A person can communicate with another via; Oral communication, body language, signs and symbols and/or written and electronically transferred communication. For most disability, there is a way of communicating that is suitable for them and can be easily understood. I.e. The deaf use sign language. It is vital that we communicate using the right methods to each person; else the information may be misunderstood or misinterpreted. Oral communication Oral (mouth) communications when done face to face usually involve the use of words and sentences (otherwise known as verbal communication) collectively, with a range of facial expressions and body languages (non- verbal communication) which has to exude the right massage to give the right impression. Oral communication may be
In this assignment I will be discuss the legislation relating to people who have support needs. The three acts I will discuss is the Disability Discrimination Act, Mental Health act and the Mental Capacity Act.
Understanding Disability, Society and the Law In this assignment I will be discuss the legislation relating to people who have support needs. The three acts I will discuss is the Disability Discrimination Act, Mental Health act and the Mental Capacity Act. The Disability Discrimination act (1995) was put in the place to prevent any discrimination that disabled people may be confronted with. The Act protects disabled people with rights for; employment, education, access to goods, facilities and services and buying or renting land or property. There are over 10 million disabled people in Britain, of whom 5 million are over state pension age. There are over 6.9 million disabled people of working age which represents 19% of the working population.The DDA says that disabled people must have the same chance of getting a job as somebody that has no disabilities. The employer has to make reasonable adjustments that will improve the working environments in which disabled staff work in order to overcome disadvantages arising from the way the workplace is set out. There are currently 1.3 million disabled people in the UK who are available for and want to work. It also says that public transport and services should be made more accessible to people with disabilities. They have the rights to the correct information about transport and what's available such as timetables. Certain
How Legislation aims to stop discrimination. Naima is rejected form a job within a shop which would have involved speaking t o customers. She was told that her English wasnt good enough. The act (Equality Act 2010) policy is to protect the rights
The Equality Act 2010 Following my report it seems to me that there are some things that could have be done for example there is a law called The Equality Act 2010. This law is the replace of the other acts that protected people from discrimination these acts are: The Sex Discrimination Act 1975, The Race Relation Act 1995, The Equal Pay Act and The Discrimination Act. The Equality Act 2010 protects people form lots of different discrimination that is targeted to someone. Naima is rejected form a job within a shop which would have involved speaking t o customers. She was told that her English wasn't good enough. The act (Equality Act 2010) policy is to protect the rights of individuals and there opportunities within the protected characteristics. * Disability * Gender reassignment * Marriage or civil partnership * Pregnancy and maternity * Race * Religion and Belief * Sexual Orientation * Sex (Gender) * Age This will protect Naima because her characteristic is Race and she was discriminated directly against because she has a really strong accent and is hard to understand. Also possibly because her clothes that she is wearing is different from the people working there. Another situation that occurred would be that Naima is a target of bulling and being victimised by another co-worker in the care home. The co-worker calls her "that wog". That would come under the
How Daily Routines can help to support children's care and all round development for 0-3 years. A daily routine is the pattern of a day. A good routine helps children growth and development because it meets their basic needs. It also helps children feel secure as they know that similar things happen each day. Planning a daily routine "All children benefit from routines in daily care and contribute greatly to the provision of a positive, safe and secure environment." (Childcare & Education Tina Bruce and Carolyn Meggit ISBN:0-340-92539-6) Routines change according to the age of the children. This means that adults planning a daily routine need to think about the needs of the children they are working with. How a welcoming routine supports a Childs development A welcoming routine is very important as it makes the child feel loved and wanted. Ways in which this could help them develop are: Physically- hand eye co ordination, when they hang their coat. Intellectually- remembering their marker on their coat peg. Language- talking and welcoming their teacher and even just being able to recognise their name. Emotional- this could be when they leave their parents as it might make then feel sad, or sometimes happy. Social- talking and welcoming the teachers, interacting with others. The way to carry these out would be if the children when they come are greeted by
I have been asked to produce a piece of coursework for Child Development. The coursework is to do a Child Study on a child of my choice looking at different areas of Child Development. The study will last approximately 11 months. There will be deadlines for completing the various stages of the study and I will have to make a plan to keep within the time scale. At the end of the study there will be an evaluation and conclusion and then the coursework will handed in for marking. The aim of this coursework is to study a child in their early stages of development. I will hope to understand the physical, intellectual, social and emotional development of my study child. I will be observing one child for this study. For physical development I will be observing the child during play and other learning activities and see how he develops throughout the study. I'll be measuring his growth by doing checks on the child's height and weight during the study. Also I will be observing the child's diet as this is important in the child's growth. One of the ways I'll measure the child's growth is to have a height and measuring chart on the wall and four times throughout the study I will take the height and weight measurements and mark them on the chart. The child will also be able to follow their progress which will give him an interest in the process. Intellectual development is about
Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky Child development has been an area of study that has attracted an enormous amount of interest and debate since the last century. Jean Piaget (1886 - 1980) pioneered the theory of cognitive development and has possibly been one of the most influential figures within this area. However, the work of Lev Vygotsky (1896 - 1934) and Jerome Bruner has been paramount in discrediting a lot of the work carried out by Piaget. However, it should be remembered that Piaget has influenced education in many ways. His theories and studies show that knowledge is acquired by active exploration and many of his theories are still being used within the education system today. This essay will compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner. Analysing the theories of each, and whilst not arguing that one theory is truer than the other, discovering the comparisons between the three through evidence and facts, gained through a variety of sources and asking questions of each theory throughout. Vygotsky's theoretical framework is that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition. He believed that cognitive development is a result of others transmitting rules and norms to children. Every function in the child's cultural development appears twice, first on the social
Individual needs within the health and social care sectors Susan Smith is 29 years old. She has been addicted to alcohol since the age of 17. She has lost everything due to her addiction, her home, her job and her daughter the thing that hurts her the most is that she isn't that bothered, of course she was hurt but in the end that cold litre of cider was her company what else did she need? Susan has tried many things to get her back on track, rehab, meetings, visiting Bella, the lost daughter that doesn't want anything else but for her own mum to hold her in her arms. Nothing has worked! Susan is a very needy person. Susan likes to be centre of attention but, she frightens everyone she meets, she needs help! The everyday needs of Susan... Needs... Example of how met... Air Air is crucial to life. Without air we cannot survive. Food A balanced diet is met through the intake of food that provides sufficient energy to maintain the functions of life. Water Water makes up between 50 and 70% of an adult's total body weight, regular top-ups are needed to balance the loss of water from the body in the form of urine and sweat. If we did not replace the water lost the body would not be able to survive. Dehydration will set in. Shelter Shelter gives us basic protection from elements and danger, shelter provides us with privacy. Safety Safety is defined as the state of