Apartheid Coursework

  1. What can you learn from source A about the National Party’s policy of Apartheid?

  Source A shows that the national party’s policy of apartheid aimed to maintain and protect the European population as a pure White race segregating the blacks. The national party intended to do this to prevent national suicide for the White race. Source A says the national party will safeguard the future of every race and then contradicts itself by saying ‘the fundamental guiding principle of National Party policy is the preservation and safeguarding of the White race.’ The party therefore undertakes to protect the White race properly and effectively against any policy or attack which might undermine or threaten its continued existence. The national party planned to isolate blacks in crammed reserves situated away from the white people along with schools and social services. They have their rights taken away, source A tells us ‘Blacks in urban areas should be regarded as migrants not entitled to political or social rights.’ Because they are not entitled to vote this means they have no say in what happens and have no choice but to do as the whites say. This would mean they would be forced into segregation forever, and being helpless and unable to do anything about it. Source A also shows they expected opposition, ‘Churches and missions which oppose the policy of apartheid will not be tolerated.’ This source tells us a lot about the national party’s policy and their sole interest to become the supreme race.

  1. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain why Apartheid was opposed by many people in South Africa and Britain.

   Many people did not agree with the national party’s policy of Apartheid, sources A, B and C explains the implications for blacks and why Apartheid was opposed in Britain.

   Source A shows the way they intend to treat the blacks restricting them of basic rights treating them unfairly, ‘Blacks in urban areas should be regarded as migrants not entitled to political or social rights.’ Source A also shows the national party was expecting opposition this is shown by ‘Churches and missions which oppose the policy of apartheid will not be tolerated.’ We also learn form source A ‘The fundamental guiding principle of national party policy is the preservation and safeguarding of the white race.’ From this we can see the blacks would oppose apartheid as they would be pushed aside by the whites and become the weaker inferior race whilst the whites become stronger and more superior.

   Source B was a newspaper article written by an English woman living in Cape town. It says ‘The scheme is getting Dr Malan into difficulties’ showing there are complications and people objecting the national party’s policy. As well as this source B says it will not work because of the need for the black people. The united party showed the importance of having workers of different ethnicities. ‘The United party points to the absolute necessity of employing native and coloured labour in the factories.’ As in order to continue trading with neighboring countries more workers would be needed and blacks would be needed to work in white areas to keep trade stable. ‘It is economically out of the question to move the non-Europeans to distant districts.’  Without them South Africa will be unable to run efficiently enough to meet the demands of the people and with other trading countries. Britain would be concerned about losing trade because South Africa are unable to keep up therefore people in Britain would show opposition to apartheid and be in favor of the united party instead.  

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   The opposition for Apartheid is also shown in source C where the voting shows the majority of white people voting in South Africa voted against the national party who wanted to enforce apartheid. The national party received ‘443,278’ (41.2%) of votes and the united party received ‘547,437’ (50.9%) of the votes. This shows more people voting for the united party against apartheid. The national party however had 79 MPs seated in the government and the united party only had 71 seated and therefore lost the vote. This shows white people in south Africa also opposed what was happening to ...

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