Brief outlines of the Manchuria Crisis, the Pact of Steel and the Re-Occupation of the Rhineland.

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Briefly explain the key features of the Manchuria Crisis

Firstly, Japan decided to invade Manchuria because Japan had been growing rapidly and needed to expand to gain resources and space. Manchuria was very rich with raw materials and Manchuria had good farming land and this is why Japan decided to invade Manchuria. The invasion would allow Japan to cope with the growth.

Furthermore, In September 1931, The Mukden Incident took place. The Japanese blamed the Chinese for planting a bomb at the Manchurian railway and killing Japanese passengers. This gave the Japanese a valid reason to invade China and they invaded and conquered Manchuria by February 1932.

Finally, the Manchuria crisis showed to the world how weak the League was. The crisis highlighted the weaknesses such as the slowness as the League took so long to make a decision. Also it showed how useless the leagues sanctions were displaying the League had no ways to stop anyone. Additionally, it showed the smaller nations that they could not rely on the league for help.

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Briefly explain the key features of the Pact of Steel

Firstly, the pact of Steel was between three countries: Italy, Japan and Germany. The pact was made to strengthen the relationship between Italy, Japan and Germany. It meant that if one country went to war the others had to support them and aid them and this was vital for the upcoming war.

Moreover, the pact of steel united two strong fascist leaders and the strongest power in Asia together and all of them were against communism. The Pact of Steel completely opposed Italy’s Stresa Front and it meant that that ...

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