• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and explain the reactions of Unionist groups to the Anglo-Irish Agreement of 1985 and the idea of further links with Southern Ireland.

Extracts from this document...


d) Describe and explain the reactions of Unionist groups to the Anglo-Irish Agreement of 1985 and the idea of further links with Southern Ireland. Since 1980 the British government have been involved in talks with leaders of the Republic of Ireland. It was thought by the leaders in the south that the conflict in the north couldn't be solved unless they were part of a peace plan. They suggested in 1984 that the only solution was to unite North and South in a single state. This idea was rejected by the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. However in 1985, the 'Anglo-Irish Agreement was signed by the British and Republic. ...read more.


Talks in the 1990's then led to the Downing Street declaration in 1993 which was a joint statement outlining the future of Northern Ireland agreed by the Dublin and Irish court. It aimed to increase the level of cooperation between the UK and the Irish Republic in limiting terrorism and in working together for peace. The pact was a sign of the improving relations between the two countries; it also included provision for giving Dublin a greater voice in the conduct of Northern Irish affairs (and was therefore unpopular with many Unionists in Ulster). There were many varied reactions the Anglo-Irish Agreement according to the different understandings of its meaning. ...read more.


Disagreement to the Agreement came from traditional Nationalists, or Republicans, in both parts of Ireland, and most passionately, from the population of Northern Ireland and Unionist politicians. Republicans in the North rejected the Agreement saying 'it falls short of our political demand for a united Ireland' and wanted immediate British withdrawal from Northern Ireland. The Sinn F�in leader (Gerry Adams) thought of the Agreement as a surrender to Britain in that it linked closely with the partition and British rule. Both Governments miscalculated the strength of the resistance from the Unionist population of Northern Ireland. Mass protests were arranged to protest against the Agreement under the campaign banner 'Ulster Says No'. Over 100,000 people gathered in Belfast on 23 November 1985 to hear protest speeches from James Molyneuax, leader of the UUP and Ian Paisley, leader of the DUP. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish ...

    Direct rule was seen as a temporary measure but has continued to this day. Taken from http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/aia/sum.htm "I had come to the conclusion that I must now give priority to heading off the growth of support for the IRA in Northern Ireland by seeking a new understanding with the British

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    never wash with a Unionist government, [they] have discriminated against us for so long that they are not prepared to make concessions now. The radicals pushed the mainstream to take more extreme actions; the mainstream resisted. The weakness in the civil rights movement, from an Irish nationalist point of view was, it could only get so many concessions.

  1. Describe and explain the reactions of Unionist groups to: a. The Partition Treaty of ...

    In 1932 De Valera became the Taoiseach of the new state in the South of Ireland. He had a bad history with the British Government as he had fought in the Eater Rising in 1916 and was almost executed by the British Government.

  2. The Conflict of Northern and Southern Ireland.

    They in turn have murdered many Catholics. The IRA philosophy was to try to b**b and murder the Protestant community until, they hoped , the British Government would give up and take its troops out of Ireland. The Loyalist paramilitaries, on the other hand, believed that they had to show the Protestant community that the IRA would not have it all their own way.

  1. Use the evidence and your own knowledge to describe and explain the continuing involvement ...

    Despite there loss, the Fenians remained strong. In America, in and around the 1870's, one Fenian man called John Devoy set up for a new Irish-American organisation called the "clan-nae-gal" and it raised money in the United States for the Irish nationalists.

  2. Explain why Unionist fears have grown since 1921.

    De Valera had also begun to cut off links with Britain e.g. imports. This was something else that made the Unionists very anxious about becoming a united Ireland and was scared that they would loose Britain's political links also. They knew that if all the links were cut off to

  1. Describe and explain Unionist reactions to the Good Friday Agreement of 1998

    In July the IRA once more declared a ceasefire and Sinn Fein were allowed to join in with the peace talks. Ian paisley said they were at the peace talks through blackmail - the IRA were implying that 'if you don't let us join we will shoot more people, and b**b more places'.

  2. Describe and explain the reactions of Unionists groups to the Partition Treaty of 1921

    Crucially, however, the Act did not regard the partition of Ireland into six and twenty-six counties (see The Political Divide) as permanent, and referred to a possible All-Ireland parliament provided both sides agreed to give up their powers to it. Ulster unionists accepted the deal while Irish nationalists rejected it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work