• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the Developments in Surgery in the 1800s

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked 1. Briefly describe what problems surgeons faced in the early 19th century? Pain was one of the main problems that faced surgeons in the nineteenth century, because patients were in agony during surgery therefore it was hard for surgeons to operate. Another problem was infection. After operations open wounds were infected as there were no antiseptic to kill or prevent germs, as a result many patients often died of infection. As well as pain and infection, bleeding was a problem for many surgeons. Operations were quick and often resulted in lots of blood being lost due to loss of blood at high quantities many patients died. ...read more.


Lister?s keen interest in medicine allowed him to understand and know about Pasteur?s germ theory and therefore he could develop his own ideas. After anaesthetics and before antiseptics the black period of surgery came as surgeons performed more intense and in depth surgery; however, they were unaware of how to disinfect or stop infections form emerging. More people died of during the black period of surgery; therefore, Lister?s discoveries of antiseptics prevented infections so it was no longer a problem. Complex surgery could be carried out without the risk of infections therefore surgery developed and there was a lower death rate. 1. ?After the work of Simpson and Lister there was little left to do in the development of surgery.? How far do you agree with this statement? ...read more.


Neither Simpson nor Lister helped with the progression of blood transfusions or storing blood for future use - it was scientists other than Lister and Simpson that discovered ways to store blood and make blood transfusion possible. After the nineteenth century there was still developments in surgery being made as plastic surgery and radio therapy further enhanced the effects of surgery and made improvements even after pain, infection and bleeding were no longer the main problems. Although Simpson and Lister made major improvements in the development of surgery, there was still other major problems that were unsolved after Simpson and Lister, therefore the statement above is not completely true as developments were made and are still being made to make surgery more efficient and effective. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Medicine Developments

    form of the disease. In 1881 Pasteur demonstrated in a public display the vaccination of sheep against anthrax. In 1882 he developed a vaccine that could prevent rabies; a disease that caused certain death and suffering in the process. Inspired by Pasteur's work the German physiologist, Emil Von Behring was

  2. America in the early 1800's

    What any third grader may not know is how the US expanded from 13 colonies to 50 states. Right after the US purchased Louisiana Territory for $15,000,000, less than the yearly salary of several major leaguers, they felt very optimistic and hopeful about claiming all the land to the West of them, maybe even all of North America.

  1. How would you describe the emergence and meaning of Eurocentrism in relation to European ...

    This configuration was based on the industries of plantation and slavery. During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, sailors from Portugal, Spain, England and France explored and mapped the coastline of most of the world. The Portuguese were among the first to set sail in a bid to expand and strengthen their nation.

  2. History of plastic surgery; how plastic surgery became a usual thing in Korea

    Near the subway station, such phrases such as 'Find your Beauty and have a beautiful life" or "Beauty is competitiveness" posted. Lots of photographs are also attached showing before and after images of individuals who had their nose fixed, double eyelid surgery and etc.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work