Describe the reasons for Kristallnacht 1938

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Kristallnacht 1938

On the 9th and 10th November 1938, Kristallnacht, also known as The Night of Broken Glass occurred in Germany. It is widely said by the historians to be the beginning of the Holocaust. The aim of this was to reduce the amount of Jews and to ‘breed’ the supreme race - the Aryan race, in Germany.

The Aryan race was thought to be the master race and the other races were inferior to it. On the other hand, anti-Semitism had already been widely practiced in European countries in the 19th century and especially when Germany was dictated by Hitler who absolutely abhorred Jews. Germans were trying to get rid of unwanted races which lead to Kristallnacht that resulted in the deaths of at least 91 Jews. Over 30,000 Jews were taken away and incarcerated in concentration camps and more Jews fled the country while they still could.

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On the 9th November, Third Secretary Ernst Vom Rath died of his wounds after being attacked by Herschel Grynszpan who was the son of Zindel Grynszpan, one of the Polish Jews that faced expulsion and was dislocated to a border area in Poland. When Hindel heard of the news, his rage sent him to assassinate the General Ambassador. However, the plan failed and he attacked Ernst Vom Rath instead. The cunning Ministry of Propaganda which was then led by Joseph Goebbels took advantage of the situation and immediately launched a pogrom against Jews. The assassination of Ernst Vom Rath was portrayed as a ...

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