Explain the main features of the New Deal.

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James FAIRBOURN        History Coursework        01/05/2007

        The New Deal.

Explain the main features of the New Deal.

Roosevelt realised that immediate action had to be taken. He promised the people of America, ‘Action and Action now.’ However, Roosevelt did not have a particularly clear idea of what exactly he needed to do. He had a panel of experts called the Brain Trust, who helped him come up with new laws, which would help America out of its depression. President Roosevelt wanted a long term as well as a short-term solution to the problem. He needed to be seen as taking immediate action, but also the plan would be no good if it did not work for long and he was back to square one within a year.

Roosevelt demanded extra powers to help him take action as soon as possible. The Senate and the House of Representatives granted his wish. He was given the same power as if the country was under attack or in military conflict. This special session of congress lasted exactly 100 days (8 March – 16 June 1933) hence why it is known in History as The 100 days.

During this time thirteen emergency laws were passed.

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The three main aims of the New Deal were: Relief, Recovery and Reform.

Roosevelt introduced a series of government agencies to help America out of trouble. These quickly became known by their initials and were therefore called ‘Alphabet Agencies.’ Some Agencies contributed to more than one aim that Roosevelt had.

Roosevelt, unlike Hoover, was prepared to use government money to help people get back to life, which resembled the norm.

Relief: At this time the United States of America was rather like a Third World country. There was extreme poverty everywhere; many people were dying of starvation. One of ...

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