History evacuation of children

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Melissa Brettle        10M        Wednesday 28th January 2009

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain’s major cities in the early years of The Second World War?

There were a variety of reasons why the government decided to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the war. The government had come to the conclusion the the countryside would be safer for children This was due to the happenings of the War in Spain, where major industrial cities were targeted for aerial attacks. Children were the future, meaning that they would be the ones to be future lawyers, firemen and business owners, they had to be kept safe or the future would be lost. The country would be sure to destroyed during the war meaning that when the war was to finally come to an end Children would be needed to reconstruct the ruined cities, this would mean having to keep the children safe until they were able to do this. In addition to this, evacuating the children meant that they were out of the way this would help mothers concentrate on  the war effort. The women, would be able to focus on helping the women's land army, get work in munitions factories or join the Air Raid Precaution, without having to worry about looking after the children. Another reason is that, if children stayed in the major cities they were bound to witness various atrocities of war, this could leave them mentally and could potentially affect them in later life. Since World War One technology had been developed making attacks even more likely then they previously would have been, with this in mind the government evacuated children away from the places that were most likely to fall under attack. Probably the most important of all the reasons to evacuate children away from Britain's major cities in the early years of the war was that children were the future. If the children were to die then there would be no future generations to rebuild cities or take jobs and careers vital to society.

        To keep women focused on the war effort was a reason why the government decided to evacuate children from the major cities in the early years of war.  Before the war a woman would have been at home taking care of her husband and children. When the war broke out, they were able to re-assume the role of the worker meaning they worked in factories, the majority of these were war related. As well as work in factories a lot of spare time was devoted to various organisations which would help the war effort from the home front. All of this would add up and mean that there would not be any time to look after their children and manage their homes. The government too this into consideration when making their decisions and decided because of it the children would be best in the countryside. As a direct result women were more free to join the various organisations and begin work in munitions factories. The women were also being conscripted from ages nineteen to thirty, this meant that they actually had to help in the women's land army, Air Transport Auxiliary or in factories This was a reason for the evacuation of children because the concentration on the war effort would definitely be an aid in Britain winning the war. The Government were able to get rid of the distraction and time consuming task of raising children and were able to attain women that were able to help and make up for the lack of men.

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        The fact that Britain was expected to face the bombing of it's major cities was a reason for children to be evacuated from major cities in the early years of the war. The destruction of major industrial cities of the opposition would be a priority to Germany as it would completely destroy the countries industry, with a ruined industry Britain would be far more likely to loose the war. Spain had been involved in a war prior to World War Two were her industrial cities were targeted for air raids and bombings. The British Government were aware of this and ...

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