• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3

History Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1) Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960's. During the mid-sixties Catholics in Northern Ireland were subjected to extremely turbulent times. They were discriminated against, by Protestants, in three main ways socially, economically and politically. For Catholics to get into a university in Northern Ireland was incredibly arduous as they would permit Protestants over Catholics. Liam O'Connor was a 17 year old Catholic who had got top marks in most of his O levels and A levels. There was only one university in Belfast which appeared to accept more Protestants than Catholics, this therefore reducing his chances of admission. This was the case for many Catholics. Due to the lack of further education for Catholics it has a major influence on who gets the higher paid jobs. Almost identically to universities, well paid jobs were exceptionally difficult to unearth as some employers were suspected of being anti-Catholic. Out of 10'000 workers in a Belfast shipyard, only 400 were Catholic. Fermanagh Council employed 370 people of which 322 were Protestant. These facts may have been largely influenced by the views of major political figures like Ian Paisley. ...read more.

Middle

"Keep Protestants and loyal workers in employment in times of depression in preference to their fellow Catholic workers." Like Brookeborough he described them as unfaithful and unwilling to work in times of need compared to Protestant workers who were competent and eager. Both of these statements show the Protestant politicians use of propaganda to criticize Catholics and give reason to the disadvantages they proposed. Protestants politicians had various political justifications to describe the differences between Catholics and Protestants. More Protestants than Catholics became boundary commissioners because Catholics refused to take these positions. They were offered but declined to because they felt that the odds were stacked against them. Therefore the government used this refusal as justification as to why the boundaries of the constituencies favoured Protestants. Politicians used propaganda to explain that if Catholics got into power then they would follow the strict guidelines of the Roman Catholic Church and in doing this many laws would have been changed due to Catholics 'backward views.' They would have banned divorce because Catholics believe that marriage is sacred in the eyes of god and that you should have one life long partner. Along with divorce, contraception and abortion would also have been prohibited because Catholics do not believe in preventing or destroying lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

The major trigger cause for the British Army entering Northern Ireland was the events and the predicted aftermath of the 'Battle of the Bogside.' The 'Apprentice Boys' go on a traditional march every August to commemorate the defence of Londonderry against King James's II forces. On 12 August 1969 the Apprentice Boys marched along a part of Londonderry that overlooked a Catholic Bogside. Bogsiders prevented entry of the Apprentice Boys by erecting barricades because of fears of a Loyalist attack. A minority of the Apprentice Boys threw pennies and rioting broke out between the two. Unclearly explained why, the RUC decided to take down the barricades. In reaction to this the Bogsiders began to petrol-b**b the RUC. This lasted for two days where 8 people died and 750 people were injured. Violence now erupted in other major cities. As Northern Ireland appeared on the verge of civil war British forces were sent into attempt to restore law and order, privately working along side the RUC to enable this. Upon review, sending in the British army was the best choice all round. They would contribute and suit all parties in four ways. They would bring law and order back to Northern Ireland in the process giving the RUC more help to do this, protect Catholics from any further violent attacks from Loyalists/RUC and finally containing the IRA, preventing terrorism. Ryan Gallagher ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    In Derry, an area with a Catholic majority, the highest-ranking Catholic in the education department was the official in charge of school meals.

  2. Irish History

    Collins was a great organiser and a man who was a born leader. He helped make the IRA a far better disciplined army than anything Irish nationalists had put together before. Michael Collins led the IRA into the Anglo Irish War, 1919.

  1. How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and ...

    Catholics themselves and their religion for the disadvantages that the majority of Catholics faced. Terrence O'Neill who was a Protestant, on the other hand admitted that there was social, economic and political differences between Catholics and Protestants. He also admitted that it was not to blame on the Catholics themselves

  2. In this essay I am going to try and decide whether the cause of ...

    However, by 1911 the power of the house of Lords had been diminished to the state where they could delay bills for two years - when the next Home Rule Bill came through in 1912, they could only delay it until 1914.

  1. Watch the TV documentary

    From past experience he gathers that this march is going to be a riot. He suggests that it was definitely going to be a riot. He says this from his experience in the past In the documentary his tone of voice is very arrogant.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    So, whereas people joined the civil rights movement with the best will in the world, they found it difficult to adopt a policy of pure non-violence. Part of the problem for the civil rights movement was that the leadership was disparate, they came from different backgrounds.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    Irish Catholics where betrayed by the English who merely exploited the union in order to consolidate power and inflict further suppression. Catholic enmity intensified. The whole century had become affected by English control and towards its later stages, more fixed increased action took place.

  2. How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between the ...

    the Catholics civil right campaigns, were enemies within their group, however the government did not. For the poor conditioned houses, the politicians explained that most claims about the housing by Catholics were exaggerated. The politicians clarified that the Catholics and Protestants were being treated equally.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work