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- Marked by Teachers essays 13
The Romans had many Gods but their religion had never been truly accepted in Britain and the native people held mainly pagan beliefs. With these beliefs went methods of medicinal treatment that were based on appeasing specific spirits or superstition. When Britain became a Christian nation these beliefs continued and, although the spiritual cures were mostly replaced by prayer, they still had very little effect. The Romans had got much of their knowledge from the Greeks, who came up with many theories about the cause of disease.
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It was necessary to appoint town marshals to help keep the law and order. These town marshals often caused as many problems as they solved because they were often renowned gun-fighters. This helped keep criminal behaviour under control. James Butler (Wild Bill) Hickok was hired in 1871 by the citizens of Abeline. He has made his name as a gunfighter in 1865 when he killed Davis Tutt. As town marshal of Abeline he was paid well, $150 per month. He used this money on drinking gambling and he lived with a succession of prostitutes.
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“Greed and desire for land were the main reason for conflict between Whites and the Native Americans.” Do you agree?4 star(s)
This could lead to conflict because of racial misunderstanding. A council ruled the Indian tribes; the chief did not have total power over the actions of his tribe. This was a good system but the whites could not understand this. Between 1825 and 1840 the American Government created the permanent Indian frontier running along the 95th meridian. But broke its promises within eleven years and whites started going across into Native American land, as they thought they had given the Native Americans far too much land, about half of America.
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Medicine. How far was the progress made by the Romans continued in the middle ages? Explain your answer.3 star(s)
Treatments for diseases consisted of many herbal remedies that were passed down through generations. A book called the "Herbarium" was written by Dioscorides, a roman army doctor. This book contained around 600 herbal remedies for all different types of illnesses. Some Roman doctors had come over from Greece meaning that they remained to have the belief that the four humours affected a person's health. For example, if the patient was hot, the doctor would try to cool them down using things such as a cucumber. People also believed that praying to the Gods would help them recover from their illnesses, as they had Gods for specific things e.g.
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There were many reasons for the wagon train migrants to head west. They were suffering an economic depression, so the cost they sold their crops for was too low to live off. They had heard that Oregon had plenty of rich, fertile lands which were perfect for farming. The miners went west because gold had been discovered and they had planned to strike it rich. I think that the wagon train migrants had a much more substantial reason to travel west because they were driven out of the east, whereas the miners chose to leave out of their greed for gold.
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Describe the way of life of the Lakota (Sioux) and Cheyenne Indians before the arrival of the whites.3 star(s)
The Sioux Indians were the most powerful with great leaders such as Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. The nomadic groups moved frequently from one campsite to another, following the herds of buffalo. Buffalo was essential to their way of life. It provided the main necessities needed by the Indians. Buffalo meat was the basic diet, along with a few wild berries. The skin was used for clothes such as moccasins and buffalo hide was used for the shelter of the teepee and the dung was used to fuel the fires. The most important item made from buffalo was the shield which was very important when it came to war.
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To what extent was Custer to blame for the defeat of the 7th Cavalry at The Battle of Little Bighorn?3 star(s)
In the war Custer did quite well, although he always had enormously high casualty rates, though his 'fearless aggression' earned him respect of his commanding generals and kept him on the public eye. In July 1866 Custer was appointed lieutenant colonel of the seventh cavalry, and in late 1867 Custer was court-martialed and suspended from duty for being absent from duty during the campaign, but was later called back to duty in 1868 and redeemed himself (at least in the eyes of the army)
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The more settlers went west the more land they needed and so the more of the Native American land they took, for their gold rush towns, cattle ranching, farming and homesteading. Taking this land had an awful effect on the Buffalo, on who the Indian depended. Buffalo could no longer roam freely over the plains and so their grazing patterns were disturbed. The settlers also affected the buffalo by shooting at them for sport and also, further into the century, by performing mass slaughter of their population, the population of buffalo decreased from 13 million to just 200 between 1840 and 1885.
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He tried out for top clubs and declined an offer from Manchester United. He returned to Australia in 1960. Charles Perkins, 1936 - 2000 During that time, it was extremely hard for aboriginals to proceed for further education at an university. Not only were they racially discriminated against, they were often neglected and treated differently to other students, like they were aliens. Charles Perkins was one of these very few aboriginals to attend university, not only any university but the University of Sydney. On his return to Australia he was crowned the captain and coach of a soccer team in New South Wales.
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Ancient Egypt Like most early people they thought that disease was caused by gods and spirits. Special prayers or spells could be said to make a person better. Charms could be worn to keep evil spirits away. A priest could be brought in to deal with evil spirits possessing the ill person. Later healing was done by people who were not priests. A class of doctors emerged. A belief spread that some diseases had natural causes and came about when the internal channels of the body became blocked. Medicines were given to unblock these channels e.g.
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Many slaves were forced to work. A majority of them were kidnapped from their tribes in Africa by other tribes to be sold into slavery. *cheap labour - Plantation owners could afford many slaves working for them for low wages. http://africanhistor.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm *punishments - Owners of slaves are allowed to dish out what they believe to be appropriate punishments for even the smallest mistake. The slaves are punished with whips, floggers, cat o' nines, paddles. However, the worst punishment considered by the slaves was to be sold away from family and their loved ones.
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Even though the Phoenicians continued doing this, they did little to take over the area. What the Phoenicians did do was establish the city of Carthage, which was in today's Tunisia. By themselves, Carthage grew into a prosperous seaport and became an autonomous power with no help. Carthage built up a burly military force and soon Carthaginians started ruling areas like Tripolitania. Unlike the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians established numerous colonies, which they ruled with force. The Libyans disliked the Carthaginians due to the fact that the rulers stipulated that the Libyans have to give up to half of their crops each season and how the Carthaginians "sacrificed their own first-born children to their implacable gods" (Isichei 161).
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Christopher Columbus. Gold and fame were Christopher Columbuss main purposes for trying to reach the Americas.
He is acknowledged as somewhat of a heroic nowadays and is known to have discovered America, which was known as the New World back then. Gold was also promised to Christopher Columbus. Although this is a short term reason, he and his family would have benefited greatly from it. He had demanded one tenth of all wealth, metal, spices, gold and gems. Being a Christian himself, Columbus very much wanted to spread the Christian faith all over Asia as well as Europe.
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They avoided many of the U.S armies and defeated most of the ones they fought, but ended up surrendering at the end since they were all tired. It represents how the Native Americans started to not be able to fight back because they felt that there was no point now because there were too many white settlers. They just wanted to make sure their families were safe. 5. What happened at Wounded Knee? Why is this battle significant? U.S Army tried to arrest Sitting Bull and other Sioux leaders.
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Sir Francis drake must be turning in his grave." This chauvinism added to the sense of humiliation and, despite being the words of a solitary person, is an example of the resentment that was being directed towards the Prime Minister. Spawned by this feeling of humiliation arose one of anger. Again the anger was often directed at the government and, as I before, specifically at Margaret Thatcher. People looked at her leadership and saw weakness, believing her neither willing nor strong enough to defend her country's history and heritage.
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These weapons were used earlier and weren't really new. The British mainly used the "Vickers" and the "Lewis" guns. They didn't expect that Germany would produce the guns that rapidly and weren't aware but when Germany started producing the "Maxim" (Also known as the MG08) the British were The German Maxim out-gunned. When they knew this. they started to make more guns too. The machine guns needed a crew of about 6 men. The French also had their own machine gun called the "Hotchkiss". The machine guns were used in different machine guns posts (like forts or nests).
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The Titanic Disaster. The construction of the Titanic had been poor and resulted in the ship being fragile and damaged easily. There had been few precautions made in order to ensure the safety of the travelers during the trip from Southampton, England to
The Titanic was created to be one of the largest ships in the world during the early 1900s. American entrepreneur J.P. Morgan funded the construction for the RMS Titanic. Being a wealthy man, owning International Mercantile Marine Co., he was able to afford the pricey materials needed to build the ship. Construction began on March 31st, 1909 by the Harland and Wolff shipyard, located in Belfast. The director of the ship, Lord William Pirrie, desired the ship to be the most luxurious and largest ship in the world, and its design intended to do so ("Titanic"). The ships dimensions had been 882.9 feet in length, a width of 92 feet, a height of 59 feet, and an estimated weight of over 46,328 tons.
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came to dominate Agriculture and ruin the free coloni (farmers) who drifted to the cities, to add to the unemployment there. The abundance of slaves kept wages low." The government was desperate to pay its rising cost of defense, so eventually the government raised taxes. Based on Document 4 "Part of the money went into ... the maintenance of the army and of the vast bureaucracy required by a centralized government...the expense led to strangling taxation." The results of the decline of the economy were military debt, unemployment, famine, and bad living conditions.
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"Corporal Lockhart, you and your group of men will return to your places at the front line." "But sir! I see no need for us all to remain here, twiddling our thumbs will help nobody" "Corporal Lockhart! Don't you dare reply to me! My decision is... you say they're dead" I nodded. "Well then that's different some of you who are least capable of fighting may return home." Pike questioned him "The people who stay can we be moved to a different part of the front line? You see we can't get enough sleep as we have these owls in the area and," "Pike!
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Thor was also known for killing giants and fought a big serpent called Jormungand. Thor rode in a chariot that was pulled by goats and it was believed that when there was a thunder storm Thor was riding in his chariot waving his hammer. Thor stood for safety and order. Ships There were two main ships that the Vikings had. They were a long travelling boat and a big fat boat that was used for carrying alot of items. First let me talk about the Long boat.
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One may say that groups such as the Beatles and Rolling Stones guided the younger generation through this change. This is because around the same time, it was such groups that also changed in style, genre and fashion and the new wealth and power of the teenagers adapted to these groups and accepted them to do so. Due to this, such groups became idols; people wanted to look like them, sing like them and be like them. Looking back on the idea of manufactures taking advantage on wealth they also took advantage of bands such as the Beatles and Rolingstones.
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To Some People, The 1960s Were The Best Of Times, To Others It Was A Period Where Many Things Went Wrong In The Society, Why Do People Have Such Different Ideas About The 1960s?
It not only provided a safe form of contraception, but also reduced painful menstruation and even acne. Traditionalists thought that this was a disgrace as they believed in natural intercourse and also it was available to unmarried women as well as married women therefore the pill was blamed for an increase in sexual immorality. How ever, this is not proven. It is true that there were more pregnancies in the 1960's than the 1950's but that was true for every decade in the twentieth century. On the other hand liberals thought this was a great invention because for women the pill seemed to be a simple solution to a difficult problem.
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The songs that were released during this period of this time were mainly family orientated as the demand from the audience was for both generations (parents and children) to like the songs. Focusing on this idea, songs were written not only to entertain but also to educate. Tommy Steal, one of the first teen idols, is a great example of this time in music. In 1959 Tommy steal made a number one hit called 'little white bull'. This was educational as one may say it taught the society, metaphorically about the race difference that was occurring through the nation: "very sad because he was a little white bull.
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Fortunately, photo reconnaissance had being going on for a year in advance so a majority of their time was not wasted on collecting this information*2*. After collecting this large list of possible landing sites, they then had to limit the invasion to an area in which they would hold a significant military advantage over the enemy. So the decision was made to use the spitfire aircraft, which was the most numerous Allied aircraft fighter at the time of the landing preparations.
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Jerusalem is a holy city for both religions. Jews believe that the land has always been promised to them. They lived there in 1500BC before being expelled by their Roman suppressers and have been persecuted everywhere they fled to. They all wished to return to the 'Promised Land' were they thought they would be safe. Muslims too feel that they have a right to this land. They believe that Allah promised the land to them and during the time that the Jews were not living there, had constructed many Islamic landmarks across the land.
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