Hitler and the Munich Agreement. The Munich Agreement was the final policy of appeasement that showed Hitler he could take over Europe.

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Question 4: The Munich Agreement

        In the 1920s and 1930s, Adolf Hitler began his rise to power. Intent on making Germany become a major national power, Hitler had to overcome the terms that limited Germany’s power in the Treaty of Versailles. Knowing that he could not overcome them through negotiation, Hitler deviously and subtly began to violate the terms of the Treaty of Versailles to restore Germany’s glory. One of the most effective ways Hitler achieved this was by utilizing the antiwar sentiments of the other nations of Europe; countries such as Great Britain and France were devastated by World War 1 and would try to avoid another war at any cost. In 1938, Hitler made an aggressive claim to the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia. Leaders from Germany, France, Italy, and Great Britain met in Munich to discuss Hitler’s radical claim, and the Munich Agreement was the result of this conference. As Churchill stated, the Munich Agreement was “a disaster of the first magnitude” (Source D); through the policy of appeasement, the nations of Europe helped Hitler succeed in his quest for dominance, further increasing German ambition and paving the road for World War 2.

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        Fearful of starting another war, Great Britain and the other nations of Western Europe engaged in the policy of appeasement. Appeasement is when one nation pacifies another by giving in to the other one’s demands. Source A shows the passive nature of the British. Chamberlain was willing to let Germany exert its influence on weaker countries as long as war was prevented at the time. In 1937, Great Britain allowed Germany to militarize the Rhineland. Then, in March of 1938, Great Britain and France allowed Germany to unify with Austria. Finally, on September 28, 1938, Great Britain, Italy, and France ...

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