• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933

Extracts from this document...


How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933? On 30th January 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor by President Hindenburg. This was truly a day of pure luck for Hitler and was merely the end result of a variety of reasons that contributed to his attainment of this title. Historians are able to categorise these reasons into three areas; Nazi Strengths (Hitler's speaking skills, propaganda, violent treatment of the opposition, Nazi policies and the stab in the back theory), Opposition Weaknesses (failure to deal with the depression and failure to co-operate) and finally Other Factors (effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany and memories of hyperinflation). In my opinion Nazi policies, the opposition's failure to co-operate and the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany are the most critical factors behind Hitler achieving the title of Chancellor in 1933. Upon becoming a member of the Nazi Party in 1919, Hitler converted them into an election-winning machine. The strengths of the Nazi party was a major aspect as to why Hitler became Chancellor, as by 1932 the party were the biggest in the Reichstag proving he was popular with the German public. Hitler's popularity was one of the reasons why President Hindenburg made him Chancellor in 1933. One of the factors that made the nazi's a strong organisation was Hitler's fantastic speaking skills. He is known as one of the greatest communicators of all time, as he understood exactly how to get people to listen to him. ...read more.


could have been prevented if the parties were able to co-operate. After WW1 the Weimar Constitution was to become one of the most advanced democracies in Europe and so a system of proportional representation was introduced in order to allow even small parties to gain seats in the Reichstag. Therefore everyone's preferred political party often got to represent them. This would have been a clever system, except this meant there were lots of different parties with very different views in the Reichstag. The phrase 'two many cooks spoil the broth' is highly appropriate here. The fact that all the parties had very different policies meant that making a decision was highly difficult and when a problem needed a quick solution this was near enough impossible. This fact caused a chain reaction, as it meant the Weimar government failed to deal with the depression because they could not make a decision quick enough. The Weimar Government was made to look incapable of making important decisions concerning its country and it's people. Support and faith in the government flitted away and Hitler's extreme policies were becoming more and more attractive. Hitler may have never become so popular and in the situation to become Chancellor if the parties could have co-operated and dealt with the depression successfully. The final area which historians divide the grounds as to why and how Hitler became Chancellor is that of other factors. ...read more.


Franz von Papen. The army disliked him however and so he appointed a more right-wing politician Von Schleicher, but he did not have much support in the Reichstag so he was forced to resign after just 8 weeks. Hindenburg realised he needed a Chancellor whom was popular and so Hitler appeared his only option. However he still did not trust Hitler, but thought that he could use Franz von Papen to tell Hitler how to run the country (make Hitler a puppet). Therefore on the 30th January Hitler was invited into power due to Hindenburg's underestimation of his character. In conclusion, many elements contributed to Adolf Hitler becoming Chancellor in 1933, the most important being Nazi policies, the oppositions failure to co-operate and the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany. All of the factors increased support for him and made him a popular politician, which enabled him to be in the position to be invited into power in 1933. The day of 30th January was simply pure luck for Hitler and is not important in understanding why he came into power, as if it would not have been then it would have been soon after. Hindenburg's underestimation of Hitler was basically the spark that allowed Hitler to come to power, much like the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand was the spark that engineered the 1st World War. If it would not have been these actions it would have been another. Overall Hitler's intelligence and the weaknesses of the opposition allowed him to become Chancellor in 1933. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why was Hitler able to become chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    5 star(s)

    The Young Plan of 1929 then reduced the reparations by a third and Germany was given 59 years to repay the sum, but unfortunately Stresemann died, the plan failed because of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 in America. Many investors worldwide felt the devastating long-lasting effects of the falling price at the New York stock exchange.

  2. Nazi Strengths and Opposition Weaknesses

    This was very useful to Hitler, as his meetings were never disrupted because of his army whereas other parties meetings were. The S.A also gave the Nazis a look of discipline and order. Later on Hitler also introduced the S.S or 'storm troopers' who were fanatically loyal to Hitler himself

  1. There were many reasons why Hitler became chancellor in 1933.

    They had to strictly respect the independence of Austria. This was hard for both countries to accept as they both thought of each other as the same people. They didn't like to be stopped from working together. As well as respecting Austria's independence, Germany had to respect Poland's.

  2. Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

    typically the only ones to get more than 10 seats in the general elections, and there is usually always one party that gains an overall majority; due to the plurality voting system, so we have a very stable government.) Therefore parliament was fragmented into many parties, often at loggerheads with

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    They also had a solution for the unemployed which was joining the army and strengthening Germany to the nation it once was. The vulnerability of the German citizens made the 'Twenty Five Points' very attractive as well as the Nazi's goals for Germany; an example is having one strong leader instead of a government making the decisions.

  2. Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor In 1933?

    The German people decided to support the Nazis during the depression because of five different reasons. Firstly, they used propaganda to make people join them. This helped them because they made the other parties look weak because the Nazis held massive rallies, got the SA to threaten and defeat any

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    Although there was plotting involved, the author is merely trying to exaggerate the situation by picturing the events in this particular way. Therefore, this means that source C cannot be accepted as a verified, useful source of evidence because of the high level of bias and conjecture it demonstrates.

  2. Assess the reasons for Hitler being made chancellor in 1933

    The Wall Street crash of 1929 sent the US economy into turmoil and the US government decided to recall the loans that were given to Germany according to the Dawes plan. This sparked another economic crisis within Weimar Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work