Politicians like Ian Paisley assumed that the RUC, the courts and the B’Specials did not treat the Catholics unfairly. They claimed that the Catholics were treated more severely because they committed more crimes. Because of the Catholics loyalty to the South and the Catholic Church, the Protestants had to be vigilant. They claimed that there were more Protestant judges and magistrates because when the Catholics were offered these jobs they just refused. Basil Brooke, the Unionist Prime Minister of Northern Ireland 1943-1963, believed that the Catholics posed a threat to the security of Ulster. This is what he said about the country “Our country is in danger. No surrender. We are king’s men” and he also said “97% of Catholics are disloyal and disruptive”. That was his opinion about the Catholics.
Most Protestants believed that the Catholics were concentrated in the low skill, low pay jobs because they were not well educated regardless of the fact they had equal opportunities as the Protestants to go to grammar school and university. But this was not the reality because the government spent more money on resources for the Protestants and neglected the Catholics, which are why the Catholics were most unlikely to go to university. Some of the politicians even thought that the Catholics were naturally lazy and did not want to work hard, but this was just the Protestants opinion on why the Catholics did not have high skill, high pay jobs. But in fact it was a cover up for the discrimination the Protestants gave to the Catholics. They blamed the Catholics to cover up their unfairness. Other politicians said that the Catholics did have good jobs and were not discriminated against at all. The talk of discrimination against the Catholics was seen as Catholic fiction. Politicians like Ian Paisley admitted that there were differences between the Protestants and the Catholics but he said that these differences were necessary to sustain the loyalty of the Protestant majority. He enthusiastically encouraged business to employ Protestants in favour of Catholics. Source E is evidence of this. Basil Brooke also shared the same view as Ian Paisley. Paisley claimed that this was why the Protestants should have better housing. Other politicians used chauvinism to explain the poor housing of the Catholics. They claimed that the vulgar and ill-mannered nature of the Catholics meant that they did not look after their property and because they could not keep control of their large families they bought down the atmosphere of the atmosphere. Some Protestants claimed that there were no economic differences between the Catholics and Protestants. They thought this because the Welfare State existed to eradicate the very disadvantages that some were claiming the Catholics faced. The truth is though that even the Welfare State might’ve been neglecting the Catholics. But politicians like Terrence O’Neill confessed that Catholics did face great housing disadvantages. He believed that Catholics should have better housing, as this would guarantee their faithfulness to Ulster.
Some politicians said that Catholics did not face social disadvantages. They believed that the Catholics were naturally lazy and couldn’t be bothered to do anything to improve their situation. Other politicians like Ian Paisley blamed the Catholic religion for the social disadvantages that the Catholics faced. He alleged that the Catholic Church is an evil association that works to enchain Protestants. Also that it keeps its followers backwards and uneducated. O’ Neill though was more eager to admit that the Catholics did face social disadvantages based on religious chauvinism
The Protestant politicians tried very hard to explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and Protestants. Individuals like Ian Paisley, who was an extreme loyalist, tried to blame the Catholics themselves and their religion for the disadvantages a majority of Catholics faced. Terrence O’Neill who was a Protestant, on the other hand admitted that there was social, economic and political differences between Catholics and Protestants. He also admitted that it was not to blame on the Catholics themselves and their religion, but it was to blame on the Protestants. The Catholics were discriminated and neglected against by Protestants because of their religion. Terrence was willing to improve things for the Catholics.