• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Super Powers affect the conflict in the Middle East?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked How did the superpowers affect the conflict in the Middle East? The superpowers played a vital role in bringing change in the Middle East, although this change was not always necessarily good. There are key example of Superpowers contributing war, but equally the superpowers also restricted war as well. At the start of the period in 1948: the superpowers played an important role in the creation of Israel. The USA was the most notable country to showcase their support for Zionism, especially following the aftermath of the second war. The UN special committee on the Palestinian issue included the USA, and hence their voice was vital in echoing the voices of Palestinian Jews. ...read more.

Middle

This links to the second change brought about by the Superpowers as the USA and USSR used the Middle East to compete with each other- the USA having already expressed support for Israel left the USSR backing the Arabs. President Nasser tried to exploit superpower support to gain funding for his Aswan dam and the USA fearing Soviet influence refused to loan Nasser money. The USSR however backed the Egypt which furthered tensions between Egypt and Israel. With the Soviet Union handing out weapons to Egypt, the USA saw it only approiate to fund the Israelis handing out $65 million. With the support of superpower support, both countries edged closer to war because they felt better prepared. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Soviet Union even threatened Britain with a nuclear weapons. So a clear change can be where the Superpower prevented conflict rather than causing it. Perhaps the most significant change brought about by the superpowers was the Six day war. Following the Suez crisis in 1956, tension began rising as war broke out in 1967. The USA had been funding the Israelis and handing them weapons whilst the Soviets had been doing the same with the Israelis. The Soviets provided false intelligence to the Syrians that an Israeli attack was immanent and this only served to increase the tensions between the two sides eventually spilling over into a war. Israel?s superior equipment was showcased as they destroyed the Egyptian air force almost entirely within 6 hours. One can say that this is due to the USA and the funding provided by them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    Over four million Palestinians are still living as refugees, many living in camps in countries like Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. The Palestinians and Arabs both felt that it was God who had given them the land. Because they are unable to sort this out, it makes both sides very angry.

  2. Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

    Arab Nations often think of the Arab - Israeli conflict as a religious conflict. Muslims against Jews, which they view as infidels. The Arab countries use religion to organise all Muslim nations against Israel. Which makes religion is also key reason for the conflict Arab - Israeli conflict.

  1. Conflict and Quest for Peace in the Middle East

    The PLO and Israel signed the Oslo Peace accords in 1993 due to a number of reasons. The first of these was that in 1992 Israel elected a new prime minister, Rabin.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    as sometimes a strong hand is required. However this point can be debated to a certain extent by the action of troops in Tbilisi, Georgia in April 1989 where forced was used. This cannot be weighted much because after this incident "Gorbachev declared a taboo on the use of the force" (ZA P83).

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    Stories of the slave treatment on St. Domingue was used to threaten slaves on other colonies by their owners. However in 1791 the slaves rebelled and in 1794 France gave up the colony4. Still the fighting continued as both Britain and Spain wanted a share of the island, in addition the slaves fought the mulattoes on the

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The USA did not want destroy the detente that had formed between the two superpowers after the Cuban missile crisis. A further key feature was the creation of the Brezhnev Doctrine which stated that a threat to one communist country is a threat to them all.

  1. How did the role of the superpowers change in the Middle East in the ...

    American support of Israel had been heightened during the Yom Kippur War, and Arab suspicions of the West were rising. The OPEC states increased the price of oil by 70%, cut production and stopped delivery of oil to the US, resulting in the Oil Crisis of 1973, which was very damaging to the US economy.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * As with Berlin, the demilitarised zone along the 38th parallel continued to be a dangerous Cold War flashpoint * Political leaders, such as Truman, recoiled from prospect of nuclear weapons - would become characteristic of Cold War - though continued nuclear arms race * Moreover, realising containment might involve

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work