how fair was the treaty of versailles

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Jai Malhi        10P        History


In looking at the fairness of the Treaty of Versailles I must analyse the clauses in the treaty, which clauses were justified and fair and which clauses were not fair to impose on Germany and I will link the treaty to the ‘Big 3’.  Firstly I will look at what the Treaty of Versailles is and it’s contents.

The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty made at the end of World War 1 in 1919.  Germany had lost the war, and therefore the allies, who had won the war, decided to hold a conference in a Paris, this conference was called the Paris Peace Conference and it was to decide what they should do now having won the war. The Countries represented in the Conference were France by their Prime Minister; Georges Clemenceau, England by their Prime Minister; David Lloyd George and America by their president; Woodrow Wilson.  These three were known as the ‘Big 3’, and at the peace conference they put together the Treaty of Versailles.  This treaty was signed on 28 June 1919 by Germany and the Allied powers at the Palace of Versailles.

There were many clauses included in the treaty and many under the influence of the ‘Big 3’.  The main clauses in the treaty were territorial changes, Naval and Military clauses and the clauses on war guilt and reparations.

‘The Big 3’

        The Big 3 all had very different ideas about what was to be included in the treaty and a large debate about the territory which Germany possessed.  David Lloyd George’s was the middle ground between France and USA concern was with the British Empire as he wanted to make sure it did not suffer.  He also wanted Germany to pay reparations for the losses during the war, but keep it economically stable for trading purposes, and wanted par of the German colonies.         Georges Clemenceau on the other hand had ideas of his own.  He wanted revenge for what Germany did and wanted them to pay reparations, give up land and be ruined by being broken up into states.

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        Woodrow Wilson the President of the USA also had ideas of his own by putting forward his fourteen points which he hoped would cause peace and self determination.  

Territorial Changes

There were many territorial changes included in the treaty. I am going to analyse the fair points and unfair points of the treaty.

Alsace and Lorraine was returned to France.  This is fair is it once belonged to France and was lost in the Franco-Prussian war in 1871.  The French President wanted to retrieve land so this was put in the treaty.  This clause was satisfactory for all ...

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