In section A the four sources provide us with economic information about the state of the coalfield during 1919-39.

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Section A

 In section A the four sources provide us with economic information about the state of the coalfield during 1919-39.


      In source A1 it tells us that ships started using oil instead of coal so not as much money was being made. It also tells us that coal was getting more difficult to get out and they couldn’t buy machinery because they weren’t making enough money. These are some of the reasons why the coal industry collapsed. During 1904 over 30% of the worlds coal exports were produced by Wales but it then dropped to 3% by 1929. Britain’s coal exports went down by two thirds between 1920 and 19 35 nearly 50% of Merthyr’s population was unemployed. About 45% had no work in the eastern part of south Wales.

       In source A2 it shows us that, during 1923 Wales provided 54,252 million tons but went down quite quickly and by 1934 Wales only produced 33,173 million tons. Its Exports were about the same change; it went from 35,768 million in 1923 to 19,673 million in 1934

       Source A3 shows us that unemployment increased dramatically from 1923-1939. The amount of unemployment in 1923 was only about 25,000 and then increased rapidly by 1932 where the unemployment rate was about 150,000. It also shows us that 1932 was the year with the most amounts of unemployed people.

     In source A4 it tells us that the Welsh population went down 0.3 millions, it went from 2.7 millions in 1924 down to 2.4 millions in 1939. This was due to a lot of the population moving away to places like Slough, Sussex and Australia looking for work.

     I have chosen source A3 to comment on its reliability and usefulness. Source A3 tells us the rate of unemployment in Wales during 1923-39. Someone called ‘Margaret Davis,’ who was an author in ‘Wales in Maps’ it was wrote in 1951, wrote the source. This person made the source to let people know how bad unemployment was in Wales during 1923-39. The source would have been more useful if she included facts on what the unemployment was caused by. This source it quite reliable because it uses statistics, although, it is a secondary source so it may not be that reliable. The source shows us that from 1923-1932 the rate of unemployment increased dramatically due to the state of the coalfield. The source then shows us that from 1932-1939 the rate of unemployment decreased but is still nowhere near to the amount of unemployment in 1923. During 1923 unemployment was about 25 thousand and even though it decreased a lot from 1932 unemployment was still above 50 thousand in 1939!  

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   Section B provides us with 6 sources on the industrial problems.

      The amount of pay for miners during the years 1919-1926 decreased rapidly. It went from £4/9/3 in 1919-1920 but in 1921 the pay dropped down by almost half of what they were earning before it went down to £2/13/6, by1926 they had halved the pay again and said the workers could work only 8 hours a day instead of a 10 or 12 hour shift, but the pay had gone down so low (£1/17/7) the workers said no! (B1)


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