Key features of the Peel Commission in Palestine.

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Key features of the Peel Commission

One key feature was the cause of the Peel Commission- Arab and Jewish violence gave the British the impression that both sides were unable to live peacefully together and that partition was necessary. Violence in Jaffa and the Arab revolts were the most notable events- the Arab Revolt that began in 1936 was in response to the growing Jewish population and an Arab opinion that the British were pro-Jewish. They therefore called a general strike, unwilling to work or cooperate with Jews and the British with acts of violence towards as well. The British took a harsh stance killing thousands of Arabs, burning down their villages in putting down the revolt. However the British knew this stance they had taken was unsustainable and they had to devise a new solution. That is why the Peel commission was eventually formed.

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 One key feature of the Peel Commission was the plan itself. Firstly, the commission proposed a partition of Palestine into a largely Arab land, but it also included some Jewish territories whilst the corridor between Jerusalem and Jaffa was kept under UN control. If this partition was to work, the Commission stated that a population transfer was necessary so that peace could be preserved.  Although the Jewish land was smaller, the land was arguably of a higher quality than the land allocated to the Arabs which naturally provoked angry responses which are shown in the next paragraph. Secondly, the Peel ...

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