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GCSE: Germany 1918-1939

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 11
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  1. The Nazis successfully tightened their grip on the German people, how far do you agree?

    This excelled them to take over Germany more easily as there was no-one powerful enough to oppose them. The Nazis were known to be violent, but Hitler deciding to learn how to win politically really helped tighten their grip because now they could do all the violent things they needed to make people obey them, whilst also having no worry about opposition trying to stop them. A big thing Nazis did which unknowingly (for the German people) helped them take control was they took control of the educational system.

    • Word count: 736
  2. Nazi attempts to win the support of young people were successful. How far do you agree?

    Young people were under a lot of pressure to join and took part in evening and week-end activities where they were indoctrinated in Nazi ideas. There Were different branches and levels for boys and girls. The education system was also successfully controlled by the Nazis. Textbooks were changed to conform to Nazi ideas. School subjects were used for the purposes of indoctrination e.g.

    • Word count: 428
  3. How did the lives of women and families improve in Nazi Germany?

    The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage also provided financial incentives for couples to have children. Newly married couples could apply for a 1000 mark loan, which was worth half ay ear's earnings. The amount they had to pay back decreased with each child they had. if they had four children they did not pay back any of the loan. Women and families also benefitted from the People's Welfare Organisation set up in 1933 as it provided financial help to poor families.

    • Word count: 428
  4. Assess the reasons for Hitler being made chancellor in 1933

    Hitler was a very charismatic orator who promised to restore German honour and overthrow Versailles. His use of simple, straightforward, and extremely emotive slogans allowed the general public to understand him and his views for the country. Whilst in jail in 1924 Hitler developed the Fuhrer principle establishing that Germany needed one clear leader to lead it to prosperity, this appealed to the German population as they were dissatisfied with the failing democracy and large amount of parties constantly in dispute in the Reichstag. Hitler targeted all classes in German society. He earned the support of the farmers by saying that their blood and soil was the bedrock of Germany.

    • Word count: 1259
  5. Rise of the Nazis - analysis of sources.

    This is further reinforced by the fact that the words translated in Source A actually mean German Liberation, which is right under the eagle trying to reach to the sun. The word liberation is linked to freedom and breaking free of chains, which is linked to Hitler’s idea of ignoring the Treaty of Versailles and being able to make Germany great again, like how it was before the woeful defeat in WW1. Additionally, during 1909, Bernhard von Bülow gave a famous speech were he spoke about Germany’s rightful place in the sun, and many German citizens loved that speech so

    • Word count: 2297
  6. Describe Opposition to the Nazis

    Films such as ?I accuse? were made and shown to everyone to make the German people familiar with Nazi ideas such as killings of handicapped people to support the rest of the country. This indoctrination helped the Nazi?s win the support of the German people. 1. Explain why some Germans opposed Nazi rule? [7 marks] German Christians opposed Nazi rule because they believed Christianity could not accept such racist views. People such as Paul Schneider preached the words of God and spread anti-Nazi messages, Schneider was sent to a concentration camp but secretly sent messages tot the Church warning them no to compromise with the Nazi?s because he believed they were not to be trusted.

    • Word count: 690
  7. Factors in Hitler's consolidation of power

    Explain why the Reichstag Fire was important to Hitler? [7 marks] The Reichstag fire was important to Hitler because it enabled him to get rid of the communist opposition party. The fire happened in 1934 and a Dutch communist (Van der Lubbe) was found nearby after the fire, as the people were scared and hoping nothing like this would happen again it was easy for Hitler to convince President Hindenburg to pass the emergency decree which frightened many communists because it meant their houses could be searched and they could be arrested at any time and Van der Lubbe was arrested.

    • Word count: 666
  8. Was the improvement in party finances the most important change that took place within the Nazi party in the years 1924-1929? (16 marks)

    They shared a hatred of communism and hoped Hitler would limit the power of trade unions. The Nazi?s received donations from giants of German industry, such as Thyssen, Krupp, and Bosch. This extra income helped Hitler expand the SA and they had 400,000 members by 1930. Altogether, the party finances played a huge part in the change within the Nazi Party in the years 1924-1929. On the other hand, propaganda was another important change.

    • Word count: 325
  9. Explain how the Nazis dealt with the Church in Germany (8 marks)

    This led Hitler to turn the full force of the police state against Christians. One-third of Germany?s Christians were Catholic. This caused more problems because Catholics owed their first allegiance to the Pope rather than Hitler. In addition, they had their own schools which taught different values from the Nazi state schools. At first, Hitler tried to reach an agreement with the Catholic Church, and in July 1933 he reached a concordat with the Pope. Hitler agreed to confirm the freedom of worship for Catholics and not to interfere with Catholic schools in Germany; and the Roman Catholic Church agreed that its Priests would not interfere in politics, and that it would instruct German bishops to swear loyalty to the National Socialist regime.

    • Word count: 484
  10. The Weimar Republic faced many crises in 1923 for a variety of reasons

    Some crises were to do with money, and some crises were due to the instability of the Weimar Republic. Because the Treaty of Versailles asked for £6600 million in reparations, the government soon was very short on money, especially with the money from industry being highly limited due to the passive resistance in the Ruhr, as well as having to pay the government workers. The government then printed more money, which they didn't have. This led to the value of money nosediving, so much so, that a cup of coffee could go work from 5000 marks in price to 8000 marks in the space of 15 minutes.

    • Word count: 731
  11. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    Failed when socialist groups (e.g. trade unions) organized a general strike against the putsch. Again, the government was shown to be weak. Assassination of Walter Rathenau (Foreign Minister), 1922. * French occupation of the Ruhr and its effects, 1923. Why did the Germans fall behind with reparations payments? Non-payment in 1922. French and Belgian troops entered Ruhr, Jan 1923. Seizure of goods by France to pay for reparations. German response of ?passive resistance?. French occupation and policing of Ruhr. Violent clashes between French troops and German workers ? some killed on both sides. Government organized printing a money to pay the workers.

    • Word count: 5521
  12. Was preparing for war the main reasons for Hitlers economic policies?

    Hitler than set up the DAF, which had a key role to ensure the workers served the best interest of the Nazi regime. The DAF also controlled the power of the employer. Even through the workers lost their rights to act collectively against their employers, but DAF established the minimum working standards should be, which prevented strikes to be happening. This links to the Nazis policy toward unemployment. Similarly to Nazi policy to towards workers Hitler set up another programme to tackle the issue of unemployment because majority of unemployed people were communist supporters.

    • Word count: 594
  13. Why was the Weimar Government unpopular?

    politicians who signed the Treaty of Versailles, whom they referred to as the ?November criminals? This links to what happened as a result of Germany?s inability to pay these reparations, which was the occupation of the Ruhr, and the Weimar Government was unpopular because of how they responded to this issue.

    • Word count: 451
  14. Why did Germany experience a period of recovery in the years 1923-29

    Stresemann fixed this issue by scrapping the worthless Reichsmark and introducing the Rentenmark. This links to another way in Stresemann fixed the German economy, and this is through the introduction of the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan?, through a series of negotiations with the major banks of the USA, as the source states ?The Dawes Plan of 1924 and US Loans encouraged economic recovery.

    • Word count: 472
  15. How did the position of the Jews in Nazi Germany change in the years 1933-45?

    This anti-semitic feeling is seen in the way that the ?SA organised a boycott of Jewish shops?, and that ?local councils had banned Jews from public places?, showing how anti-semitic feeling starting to become political. This links to how anti-semitism became even more political and structured, on a national scale, through the founding of the Nuremberg laws, as the source states ?Jews were denied citizenship through the Nuremberg laws?.

    • Word count: 408
  16. Did all Germans benefit under Nazi rule?

    The Strength through Joy resulted in many to benefit from the Nazi?s as it removed many social barriers between the high and low classes and also meant the working class could afford high priced expenses which they could not afford before. Some historians also believe that all Germans benefited under the Nazi rule as Hitler increased employment. One way he increased employment is through the construction of the 70000 km autobahn, hospitals and many more buildings which created work for 80,000 men.

    • Word count: 649
  17. Explain the changes involved in creating the Nazi Police State

    The SS was originally created as a private bodyguard for Hitler and other important or influential Nazi leaders. It however did not stay this way and the SS grew from 500 men to 50,000 strict Aryans. Physical standards were very strict. They replaced the SA?s brown uniforms with black ones, to distinguish themselves as a separate organisation. They became the main means of terrorising the German population into obedience. They were fiercely loyal to Hitler, and swore oaths that gave Hitler ultimate control. They remained loyal to the Nazi Party, and played a large role in getting rid of Rohm, leader of the SA.

    • Word count: 762

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "By the beginning of 1929, the survival prospects of the Weimar Republic looked good." Discuss the extent to which this statement can be agreed with.

    "In conclusion, it can be seen that while there were some positive economic, political and foreign policy developments from 1924 to 1929, these were merely on the surface and covered innumerable flaws in the Weimar system. The lack of understanding of democracy in German society, the negative perceptions and revisionist ideals leftover from the Versailles Treaty and the structurally induced economic weaknesses were all evident throughout the time period, and would have caused the republic eventual downfall. The great depression of 1931, while it sped up this process, was merely a catalyst."

  • "Economic Factors brought the Nazis to power in Germany" To what extent is this true?

    "Looking at all the conclusive facts and arguments, the conclusion that can be reached is that Hitler came to power due to a combination of many different factors. However, the backbone of Hitler's rise was based on the great economic instability of the time highlighted by the two crisis in 1923 and 1929, which enabled Hitler to exploit the situation. Then Hitlers policies appealed to everyone due to effective propaganda. Secondly, the problems with constitution (article 48) which undermined German democracy and the weakness of the Weimar Republic that was widely hated helped the Nazis. This was because of their lack of suppoert and weak constitution. However in the end it was only political intrigue in the right-wing that brought him into office."

  • Discuss the view that the Versailles treaty created as many problems as it solved.

    "In saying that the treaty of Versailles was a complete failure and created all Europe's post war problems would be a massive overstatement, to say it was merely the best the Nations could do with the given situation and that all the problems which arose were little to do with the treaty would be an understatement. The real answer lies somewhere in between the two. The options of the Nations when creating the treaty were small but in being naive and not thinking forward to what certain clauses of the treaty might bring about they created problems. Yet no one could anticipate the rise of Hitler and the Nazi's in Germany and although the treaty aided them in their rise it was one of many factors that lead to the rise of the Nazi party in post Versailles Germany. In conclusion the treaty created a lot of problems some avoidable, some not, its resources were small yet its dealing with its resources was poor. Yet when the nations wanted such polar opposites for a post war Germany and Europe in general it is expected that some problems could and would arise. Keynes said post the signing of the treaty that "The Treaty by overstepping the limits of the possible, has in practice settled nothing"."

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