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GCSE: International relations 1900-1939

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 8
  • Peer Reviewed essays 2
  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles fair to Germany?

    5 star(s)

    The army was a symbol of German pride and an important political source of nationalism. Having almost half of it taken away ruined Germany's Great Power status, and made her an easy target for other countries. In addition, the Rhineland became a demilitarised zone, meaning that Germany was open to attack by France. On the other hand, some groups believe that the military clause was fair, as it punished Germany as well as giving the smaller countries of Europe a chance to establish themselves.

    • Word count: 913
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles?

    5 star(s)

    There are many more reasons that the Germans hated the treaty of Versailles. When the treaty was announced on the 7th May 1919, Germans were horrified. One of the reasons why they were horrified was Germany had been blamed unfairly for starting the war. However, the allies could blame Bosnia for killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo. Germany was not allowed to join the League in 1919. As Germany had started the war, according to the Treaty of Versailles, one of her punishments was that she was not considered to be a member of the international community and, therefore, she was not invited to join.

    • Word count: 930
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    Germans argued that 'an overseas empire was needed not only for prestige but because the German economy would atrophy if it did not acquire colonies that could provide raw materials and markets for finished products'. This all caused competition between the European powers to grow extreme in the years up to 1900. In Africa there was a scramble for territory between the European forces. In 1900, nearly everyone agreed that 'a large empire was important not only for trade but also for prestige', which was a statement made by a French politician.

    • Word count: 4337
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Was The Treaty Of Versailles Justified?

    5 star(s)

    In the East, Germany was literally split into two parts. The Allies decided that the nation of Poland should be given access to the sea, so they formed the "Polish Corridor." Poland gained a lot of territory from Germany, including a port on the Baltic, Danzig (Gdansk in Polish.) This isolated the region of Germany known as Eastern Prussia, which includes the city of K´┐Żnigsberg. In the Western part of Germany, more changes were made. France gained the much sought after region of Alsace-Lorraine.

    • Word count: 2706
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Why was the Treaty of Versailles so in Germany?

    5 star(s)

    This massive bill caused the German economy to go into a stage of Hyper-inflation were the value of one German mark dropped from 4 marks being equivalent to $1 an 1914 to an all time low of 4.2 billion marks being the equivalent to $1 in 1923. This meant that Germany's economical stability was destabilising and Germany couldn't see why they had to pay for all the damage and that the countries that they were forced to give money to were as guilty as they were and therefore should pay as well.

    • Word count: 841
  6. Marked by a teacher


    4 star(s)

    As a whole, The Central Power's soldiers in army count of 3.76 million (approx. 60% from Germany) exceeded that of the T.E's (Triple Entente) 3.25 million- securing victory for The Central Powers on that front. Furthermore, Germany, itself, had an impressive amount of warships (85 and 23 submarines) in naval rivalry to Britain (122 warships and 64 submarines) proving a harsh contender with a vast and dynamic military. From a defence view, the geographical position of the members of T.C.P (The Central Powers)

    • Word count: 854
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Was the treaty of Versailles too harsh on Germany?

    4 star(s)

    The Germans went to the treaty of Versailles expecting to be treated as equals but they were treated the opposite ways because the allies thought they had won the war and were now superior to Germany. So the Germans had no other solution but to sign the treaty. They called the treaty of Versailles a 'Diktat'. The treaty was devastating for Germany it had to surrender their biggest glory, their army. The German army had to be reduced to 100,000 men (all men had to be volunteered)

    • Word count: 624
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Were the peace treaties of 1919 - 1923 fair?

    4 star(s)

    Were the peace treaties of 1919 - 1923 fair? Argument agreeing with the fairness of the Treaties of 1919 - 1923: I think that the peace treaties of 1919 - 1923 were fair. The Treaty of Versailles made Germany pay for the terrible damage it had caused. France had suffered devastating losses due to Germany's actions in World War I - millions of pounds worth of damage had been caused, much of France was in ruins. Millions of innocent French and British young men lost their lives in World War I, understandably France wanted to weaken Germany and stop it from ever being powerful and in a position to hurt and damage France again.

    • Word count: 1157
  9. Peer reviewed

    Who was to blame for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914?

    4 star(s)

    This was an assassination but who was the one to blame? Some historians believe that it was due to poor security. Others say that it was a planned plot by well-trained assassins. In this essay I will analyse all of the sources related to the topic and state, what key factor was their to blame for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. First of all Source A gives a detailed account on what happened moments before and after the assassination, which also agrees with three of the four potential blames.

    • Word count: 1234
  10. Peer reviewed

    Why did the treaty of versailles provoke widespread hostility among Germans?

    4 star(s)

    Firstly, an important reason why the Treaty of Versailles provoked widespread hostility among Germans was that they felt the treaty was a 'Diktat' forced on them rather than a negotiated settlement. As A.J Nicholls argues, the Germans were not treated as equal participants during the peace conference. This also lead to the German people believing that they would have got better terms without the Kaiser and Imperial Government. However, with Germany in a near state of civil war the allies put the final nails in the coffin, either Germany signed the treaty as it stood or war would begin again.

    • Word count: 2113

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • " ... The most important reason why Germany hated the treaty Of Versailles was the loss of territory..." discuss

    "In conclusion I believe that it was a combination of 4 main factors, the Diktat which basically meant that all the other things had to happen, the War Guilt Clause which would have caused irreparable damage to their ego, the loss of land that left them weak and vulnerable and the reparations which crippled them economically. It was a combination of these three factors which destroyed Germany."

  • "Britains foreign policy changed between 1900-1907" - Assess the Truth in this Opinion.

    "In Conclusion, the statement "Britain's foreign policy changed between 1900-1907" is essentially true but only to a certain extent. Britain's foreign policy grew. They still employed the same Imperial foreign policies but due to complications to retain their colonies they needed assistance from others. With the threat of Germany, as well, Britain needed to be secure. Under Kaiser Wilhelm II the German navy expanded rapidly and this made Britain anxious about the security of her island. Britain has a very small army and if their navy was matched there could be serious consequences. The thought of invasion encouraged the government to take measure to neutralise the threat by forming closer ties with other powers but Lansdowne figured he could protect Britains Empire at the same time."

  • "The breakdown of the Concert of Europe was mainly caused by disagreements amongst the Powers over the issue of intervention." Discuss the validity of this statement.

    "In conclusion, mutual agreement on basic objecttive is very important if congresses are to be successful. When deciding the use of concerted efforts to solve international probelms, the Allied powers and Britain had different views regarding the intervention of internal affairs of other states. They did not compromise and at last caused the breakdown of the Concert of Europe. However, the importance of insincerity of the Powers, disorganization of the congresses and the death of Castlereagh should not be neglected too. Grade: B This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database -"

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