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GCSE: Northern Ireland 1965-85
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- Marked by Teachers essays 4
This is particularly interesting because the majority of people in Fermanagh were Catholics, hence highlighting the extent of their discrimination. The Sunday Times also wrote that in Derry "of 177 salaried employees, 145 earning �124,424 - were Protestant, and only 32 - earning �20,420 - were Catholic" showing the dramatic differences in wages as well as representation between Catholics and Protestants. With the former being far more poorly paid, one can clearly see a significant amount of discrimination against Catholics in a different respect.
Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. The last rebel to be executed was Roger Casement by hanging on August the third. Overall seventy-five were sentenced to death, and two thousand to imprisonment. This turned public opinion in Ireland against the British government. This created a new wave of anti-British feeling. Nationalist opinion in Ireland was radically changing. Militant Nationalists began to attract sympathy. There were a number of short-term consequences of the rising. A small little known party called Sinn Fein formed in 1905 began to get noticed.
Many of the leaders were found guilty of treason as they were fighting against British forces while the First World War was taking place, meaning that the British troops could not fight in the war. So the leaders of the Easter Rising were shot by firing squads, however this increased support for Home Rule as people such as James Connolly were shot while suffering from gangrene, which would have killed them anyway. These people were then seen as Irish Martyrs.
Ireland was heading towards a civil war between Ulster Unionists and Irish Nationalists/Republicans BUT the start of World War 1 prevented this. 2. Irish Attitudes Towards World War1 a. Constitutional Nationalists- John Redmond was determined to help the war effort. He thought that if Irish Nationalists fought for Britain, Ireland would be rewarded at the end of the war. But Redmond also believed that the war was a war for small nations. Germany ha invaded Belgium, and like Ireland, Belgium was a small, Catholic country, which Redmond thought Irish Nationalists should help.
Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.
- Do they use key words from the title or question?
- Do they answer the question directly?
- Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
to what extent was Ireland moving toward an Irish Ireland rather than a British Ireland towards the early 1900-discuss
"Griffith inverted the argument of Cooke more than a century previously:
'Ireland has maintained a representation of 103 men in the English parliament for 108
years ...The 103 Irishmen are faced with 567 foreigners ...Irishmen will marvel they once believed the proper battle-ground for Ireland was one chosen and filled by Irelands enemies.'
The Dungannon Clubs began to merge with the Sinn Fein movement; A name given to those who supported Irish Independence; as opposed to home rule.)
The name in English means 'And Ourselves'"
To what extent does the "Good Friday Agreement" represent a turning point for the Northern Ireland peace process?
"In my opinion this gesture of potential co-operation shown by both the North and the South of Ireland depicts a positive future for Ireland. Due to this response to the Good Friday Agreement, I believe that this is a turning point in the history of Ireland, and that the outlook for the future of Ireland is indeed a lot brighter than it was. Therefore I believe that the Good Friday Agreement and the enthusiasm shown towards it is a major turning point for Ireland."
To what extent can it be argued that the Jesuits were the most important feature of the Counter Reformation?
"When compared to the other new orders, the Jesuits did have a lasting effect within Europe. Their tactics as an army were successful, but obviously not everywhere as the threat of Protestantism still grew within and around Germany. England was admittedly a setback, but we have to think about if anyone could have made a real difference there with the strength of the crown at that time. They tended to blend the old style of Catholicism with a new panache that exited the potential priests e.g.: the spiritual exercises. Because of this their influence fluctuated between the decades and throughout different countries. But they would have been nothing without papal support and the council of Trent's support in the setting up of Colleges. It is in my opinion that the council of Trent and the Order of the Jesuits both aided the Counter reformation in there own ways which aided the Catholic faith in gaining back some of the trust they had lost from their people.
Debbie Collins 12NCA A/S History