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GCSE: USA 1919-1941

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  1. Whitlams Dismissal

    budget supply - a decision that in turn sparked widespread debate on the powers of the Senate, changing conventions in Australian politics and the powers of the Governor-General himself. Whitlam government which came to power in 1972 was the first labor government in 20 years. With Whitlam's proposed 'it's time for a change' slogan Whitlam was able to win over the Australian public. However almost immediately after he was in office Labor was involved in a whirlwind of activity, controversy and change - taking his call for a' change 'excessively too far Labors first 18 days saw radical and immense changes which gave extra force to growing public fears and the oppositions growing irritation towards labor.

    • Word count: 1011
  2. Did all People Benefit from the Boom

    Also, once the cars were bought, people needed to run them. This led to petrol (made from oil) being bought in mass. Because America is so big and at the time had many unused natural sources of oil the price of petrol was low. Due to the low price and sudden demand petrol the oil industry boomed through the 1920's. The demand for these new industries led to a growth in the construction industry. New products such as cars and electrical products needed show rooms and the manufacturers of these products needed offices for advertising and factories for production; these new buildings were constructed in city centers to help business.

    • Word count: 1546
  3. how seccessful was the new deal

    The new deal was successful to a certain extent. It greatly extended the role of the government and president and was able to restore the faith of people in government and it also preserved democracy and ensured there was no mass support of right-wing politicians. It also helped greatly in the recovery of the economy. The new deal did a very good job in restoring faith in banks because as soon as the new deal was introduced, the number of bank failures dropped drastically from about 4,000 to below 100.

    • Word count: 1011
  4. How did America Become Prosperous in the 1920(TM)s

    Mass Production of cars meant that businesses like ford could sell their products at very low prices which made them very cheap and so very popular, which increased demand. This increase in demand meant an increase in demand for basic materials like steel, rubber and glass which increased profit in both the company supplying the basic material and the company using the basic material because it meant they could buy in bulk, lowering prices. As over 1 in 5 Americans owned a car this lead to other businesses prospering too; motels, diners and gas stations are just some of them.

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  5. Did Roosevelt's upbriging and background make it easier for him to understand the concerns of the American people?

    However, he was more inclined towards his social life than his studies, for instance, during his university years, while everyone at Harvard was hard at work, he spent his time sailing and enjoying life, so he was popular without needing to excel himself academically. After finishing his studies he worked briefly for a law firm and later, he entered politics as a Democrat in 1910. He was able to find his own election and had a recognizable name due to his relations with the former 26th American president Theodore Roosevelt, and gradually climbed the pole of state politics and finally became a part of the New York Senate.

    • Word count: 1054
  6. A. The new deal was a success(TM) to what extent do you agree with this statement.

    Roosevelt gave people faith and hope as he was doing something for the people. He had succeeded in giving America more confidence and gave people hope for survival. Relief, which was a main aim of Roosevelt's 'New Deal', was a success, as millions of people had received relief, with the help of the alphabet agencies assisting them with mortgages and jobs. Relief gave people a chance to breathe out and be able to relax a bit, knowing that they had a little bit of money coming in and helping them out a bit, it meant that many people were slowly being able to support themselves.

    • Word count: 1027
  7. Causes of the boom

    It employed hundreds and thousands in the production of cars and a similar number in the supply industry's e.g. glass production, sheet metal, rubber and leather. Service stations supplying petrol appeared all over the country, and engineers were needed to service car engines. Thanks to The 1916 Federal Road Act new roads were being built all over America,which employed thousands in their construction and supply industry's e.g. concrete, metal bridges and road signs. The most popular of Fords cars was the Model T-more than 15 million were produced by 1925, selling at the rate of one every ten seconds.

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  8. Features of the boom

    The rural areas were mainly Christian and had strong beliefs, where as in the cities many people started to believe in evolution. The rural areas were displeased with the cities, because they didn't approve of their morals and social life's such as flappers whom the believed were a disgrace to God, and alcohol which they believed was wrong to drink. Transport grew as new methods of production were discovered, such as the moving production line (other wise known as the assembly line)

    • Word count: 1545
  9. How far did the American economy boom in the 1920(TM)s?

    Big Businesses were 'booming', there was a high consumer demand and there were new technological advances. These were key points to the economic boom, which linked other influences, such as the progression of mass production, to the contribution and prosperity of the 'boom'. The development of the motor- car gave thousands of people employment and also stimulated the growth of other businesses. This led to people 'commuting' into the cities as people benefiting from the economy could afford new cars and bigger houses in the suburbs. Mass production also meant that as things were made more cheaply it was cheaper for ordinary Americans to buy.

    • Word count: 1124
  10. Assess the significance of Henry Ford in shaping modern America

    Taylor's ideas and Fords aim (to make a car cheap enough for average Americans to buy) eventually amounted in the birth of the assembly line. This meant that instead of the workers in the Ford factory going to each car, and spending lots of time making the parts of the cars, then attaching them, the cars were brought past the workers. The workers towards the beginning of the assembly line may do a job such as attach the spokes of the wheel to the main frame, and then a worker near the end of the line would attach the fully completed wheel to the body of the car.

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  11. To What Extent Was the USA a Free and Fair Society in the 1920s

    It was the more recent immigrants that got the abuse. There was a hierarchy of these new citizens in the big American cities. At the top, and competing for the best jobs and highest salaries, were the bigger and better established groups of Irish-Americans, German-Americans and French Canadians. These groups scorned the newer Eastern Europeans and Italian immigrants, who in turn held contempt for the Mexicans and blacks, who were at the bottom of this scale. The Russian revolution of 1917, sparked communist ideas in Russia and Eastern Europe. The new Russian government had usurped the Tsar Nicholas and killed him and his family.

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  12. How successful were the new deals in solving the problems that were present in the American society after the depression?

    He then spoke directly to his people in the first of his 'fireside chats' as president. He assured them the banks were now safe and that there was no longer any reason to withdraw money from them. When the banks were opened the following week more money was deposited in them than had previously been withdrawn. Since the banking crisis was over the Americans were prepared to put their trust in him. Only a few days later he passed an Economy Act, classed as a pay cut. The pay of those working for the government and armed forces was cut by 15%, whilst the budgets of all government departments were cut by 25%.

    • Word count: 1865
  13. b) Study Sources C and D Were the artists of these two posters for or against Prohibition?

    The man is handing over his week's wages and the bartender has his hand straight into the cash drawer, representing the fact that he was almost 'wasting' his money. The other men in the background are sitting around a table, drinking and playing cards. It can be assumed that they are gambling, which was seen as evil. The man is handing over a bag of money, labelled "Week's Wages" which shows that he is spending all of the money the family is receiving.

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  14. c) Study Sources E and F Which of these two sources is the more reliable as evidence about Prohibition?

    He talks about his hopes for Prohibition "I hoped that it would be widely supported by public opinion and the day would come when the evil effects of alcohol would be recognised". He is obviously a supporter of Prohibition, more commonly known as 'dries', and believed in the disastrous effects that alcohol has on everyone. The Source talks about the fact that he had anticipated that the majority of the public would agree with him and that Prohibition would work.

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  15. The New Deal Coursework

    He also said that he was aiming for the protection of people's savings and property, a redistribution of the land for those less privileged and to provide aid to the ill, elderly and unemployed. Roosevelt was granted one hundred days of broad executive power so that he could achieve his aims by passing laws quickly without having to put them through the government. With this power Roosevelt set up the "Alphabet Laws" that were combined to form the New Deal.

    • Word count: 1104
  16. America in WWI

    America entered the Great War on April 6, 1917. Up to that then, The U.S had tried to keep out of World War One - though they had traded with nations involved in the war - but unrestricted submarine warfare, introduced by the Germans on January 9th, 1917, was the primary issue that caused Wilson, who was president at the time, to ask Congress to declare war on Germany on April 2nd. Four days later, America joined World War One on Allie side. Germany's use of U-boats pushed America into a corner and ultimately to their declaration of war.

    • Word count: 1157
  17. Why was there a need for a New Deal in America in 1932?

    This depression was a stark contrast to the economic boom that America had enjoyed in the 1920s. Causes of the economic boom: An economic boom is when an economy grows and increases in value in a fairly short period of time. There were several causes for the American boom in the 1920s however some are more important than others. I think that the most important cause of the boom was World War one. During the war the trade between America and Europe had been very one way. Europe, preoccupied with the war, were unable to generate their own food, raw materials and munitions.

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  18. Was prohibition bound to fail?

    Because these gangsters were looked upon by many as 'freedom fighters', striving to ensure that the American public still has access to alcohol, criminals began to be idolised by everyday Americans. Prohibition meant that in many cases the criminals got a lot more respect from the public than the police. On top of this, the corruption that was common within the police and the courts of justice undermined the very morals that Prohibition had been brought in to protect. Up until 1929 there is reason to think that Prohibition was working well, as the American public were very much in favour of a "dry" country.

    • Word count: 1069
  19. Why and with what consenquences did the US stock market crash in 1929?

    I believe that this was the least important cause. In the 1920's around 60% of Americans lived on the minimum needed for the basic necessities of life and around 33% of income was earned by 5% of the population. The reason why this was a cause of the Wall Street crash was that the majority of Americans couldn't afford to buy the consumer goods of the boom so much fewer people were buying the products so share prices went down.

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  20. Why, and with what success, was the policy of Prohibition introduced in the USA?

    These were very strong in the South and Midwest. They said that men were spending too much money on alcohol as apposed to their families. There was a lot of propaganda against alcohol at these times which said things such as neglected children outside saloons saying that they don't know where their father is or pictures of men handing over their weekly wages to the barmen. In their campaign groups such as the Anti-Saloon league got a lot of support from all over the country. I believe that this was the main cause of prohibition being introduced as it was because of the Anti-Saloon League that the cause got so much support.

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  21. The decade of the 1920(TM)s was a period of prosperity for many Americans, but a time of poverty for others. Why was this so?

    For example cars became more and more popular during the 1920's. This was because of mass production. In the mass productions process there would be certain people who did the engine, chassis, brakes, wheels and all of the other parts of the car. This meant that there were more on the market and they were about half the price. This also happened with electrical goods such as washing machines, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners and radios. This made the 1920's a period of prosperity because of the fact that most people could live with these luxuries.

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  22. How Far Was Roosevelt Himself Responsible for his Election Victory in 1932?

    Many historians believe that it was more a case of the Republicans losing as oppose to the Democrats winning. Herbert Hoover was born in 1874. He struck rich in the mining business, and when he was 40 he decided to go into politics. Hoover's Republican Party was responsible for the economic boom, which gave prosperity to his people. So it's a surprise that they didn't vote him in again. However his party was also in power during the Depression - and his failure to deal with the colossal problems was essentially one of the reasons why Roosevelt was voted into office in 1923.

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  23. Why Did Franklin D. Roosevelt introduce The New Deal?

    The Wall Street Crash was a tragedy as a result of a hidden America. The roaring twenties came to an abrupt end. But the causes were apparent immediately. The Agricultural industry was suffering. New machines were being used that decreased prices considerably. Black people and immigrants were either paid cheaply or laid off land. The older industry workers such as miners and textile trade were also paid cheaply with low wages. Families were earning ridiculously miniscule salaries (fifty percent earned less than two thousand dollars a year!), many lived below the poverty line - sixty percent - and less than ten percent of rural homes had electricity or mains water in the Tennessee Valley area.

    • Word count: 1429
  24. Haig Question F

    This shows that Haig did care about his soldiers but was aware that he had to "bear losses" to win the war and alerted the public. Source B tells how well the preparations are for the first day of the attack. With a hindsight we can see how false this source is, but did Haig know what he was writing was false? Haig could have been given false information by the people working under him as they fear Haig or maybe the pressure to produce good news for the public forced them to lie "The barbed wire has never been so well cut".

    • Word count: 1571
  25. The Immorally rich people of the 1920s

    Al Capone was said to have an income of 100 million dollars a year, and his lack of moral values was just as staggering. Through his henchmen and even his own hands, Capone masterminded the killings of countless amounts of people, including the infamous St.Valentine's Day massacre, in order to remain the most powerful gangster in the world. Through dozens of bribes to influential politicians and policeman, Al Capone was never indicted for any of these murders. In the novel "The Great Gatsby", two characters whose immorality measured close to the infamous Al Capone, are Tom and Daisy Buchanan.

    • Word count: 1219

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