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GCSE: USA 1919-1941

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  1. Prohibition coursework

    Source B also agrees to the fact that prohibition was inevitable because even though the government pressurised to make prohibition a success by introducing the first prohibition commissioner and bringing in 1500 agents, they banned alcohol manufacture transportation and sales completely. By the time the Commissioner and the agents started their work the bacteria of alcoholism spreaded the whole America. By 1928 there were more than 30,000 speakeasies in New York itself. With the Power and wealth of Al Capone and the people addiction it was almost impossible to make prohibition a success.

    • Word count: 1147
  2. study sources 1 and b. do these sources prove that the crash and the depression were the responsibility of the republican party and its leader?

    This is what the Americans wanted to hear because everyone who gained money wanted more, and people who was in poverty liked to hear that America was getting rid of poverty, because they thought that Hoover would help them get out of poverty if he was elected president. No one could predict the coming of the Wall Street crash when the world got lunged deep into debt, and Roosevelt used this to his advantage "millions of our citizens cherish the hope that their old standards of living have not gone forever."

    • Word count: 395
  3. FDR's New Deal

    However, in an effort to boost the American economy, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act was approved in 1930. This act raised taxes on products that had been imported from other countries in order to encourage people to buy American-made products. Instead, it caused other countries to raise taxes on products exported from America in retaliation, which ended up having negative effects on the global economy. Hoover believed the solution lay in volunteerism, "I am willing to pledge myself that if the time should ever come that the voluntary agencies of the country together with the local and state governments are unable to find resources with which to prevent hunger and suffering ...

    • Word count: 1767
  4. Which of these two sources is the more reliable as evidence about prohibition?

    Rockefeller goes on to mention the failure of prohibition and how it had ,instead of ridding America of the evils of alcohol as intended, done the polar opposite and encouraged drinking more and more. He explains how the previous law abiding citizens openly ignored prohibition and went against the rules, attending speakeasies and drinking.

    • Word count: 533
  5. Do these sources support the view that the failure of prohibition was inevitable?

    Source B is an extract from a book about American History, published in 1979. It again gives reasons for the introduction of prohibition and then goes on to speak of the consequences. This also supports the view that prohibition would fail because of the lack of force the government were prepared to put in to stop alcohol in its tracks. It says that only 1500 prohibition agents were appointed however goes on to say that by 1928 there were more than 30,000 speakeasies in New York alone, making it an impossible task for the small minority of agents in the entire country to control the crime wave.

    • Word count: 1329
  6. The civil rights movements and their impact on American society

    So it was acceptable to have separate schools for blacks and whites as long as they had equal facilities. The NAACP took the Topeka school board in Kansas to court as a test case. In "Brown vs. Topeka, Kansas", NAACP argued that it was simple logic that it was sensible to send seven year old Linda Brown to her nearest school locally instead of an all black one which was several kilometres away. Chief Justice Earl Warren gave his verdict of the court.

    • Word count: 1480
  7. The importance of Henry Ford.

    The way that Ford made his cars was why it was so effective. He doubled the wage he paid. By doing this more people worked for him more cars were made and more money, a gamble that paid off. The Model-T is an important example. The car started off its life at $1200 and in less than to decades the price had fallen to just $295.

    • Word count: 449
  8. To what extent was the increase in hostility towards immigrants in the U.S.A during the 1920s due to fear of revolution?

    The fear of revolution by many Americans was a major factor leading to the increase in hostility towards immigrants during the 1920's. In 1917, revolution took hold of Russia as Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized power. One of the main beliefs of communism was to spread its ideologies and beliefs throughout the world, using the slogan "workers of the world unite". At that time, many Americans believed that Russian and Eastern Europeans were emigrating to the U.S.A to start a revolution. In 1919 there was a huge wave of strikes across the U.S.A, and a full national strike of steelworkers.

    • Word count: 1563
  9. Essay: The experience of black people was that they were treated in their own country as if they were not Americans at all, 1920 - 1930

    and they were not even allowed to drink out of the same water fountains white people drank from. The denial of education was a way of keeping blacks "in their place" which meant that black people were given the poorest educational standards and the lowest paid jobs. The Southern parts of the USA were particularly segregated. In transport, black people usually sat at the back, away from the white people. They also had to give up their seats for white people if there was not enough room.

    • Word count: 869
  10. The Wall street crash

    Women soon came involved in speculation. Women speculators owned over 50% of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which became known as the ''petticoat line''. It was only individuals who speculated. Banks themselves participated in speculation they certainly didn't nothing to stop it. Banks lent $9 Billion for speculating in 1929. Through most of the 1920's the increase in share prices was quite stable. Unfortunately, there were downfalls, but, in 1928 speculation really took hold. As a result a demand for shares was at an all-time high, and prices were rising at an unknown rate.

    • Word count: 2111
  11. The Roaring Twenties

    Ever since the 1860's and 1870's, the American Industry had been growing quickly. By the time the First World War came about, USA led the world in most areas of industry. It had large steel, coal and textile industries. It was leading in the biggest oil producer. The USA was also developing new technology quickly and providing it in its masses such as motor cars, telephones and electrical lighting. Its newer industries such as chemicals where growing fast. Its new film industry already led the world. The managers of these industries were increasingly skilled and professional and they were selling more and more of their products, not just in the USA but in Europe, Latin America and in the Far East.

    • Word count: 1871
  12. The New Deal

    A short period later, President Hoover at the time reassured the country that prosperity was coming again. He cut taxes to make people buy more goods and by mid 1931 production of goods started to rise again slightly and there was hope that the situation was resolved. President Hoover was incorrect. It was the worst depression that was 'just around the corner' meaning that it was going to happen, and happen quickly for a number of reasons but mainly it was because the crash had destroyed the one thing that was important to the prosperity of the 1920's (which made that prosperity happen which was confidence).

    • Word count: 3524
  13. How successful was the New Deal - FDR

    In the first hundred days of his presidency Roosevelt sent 15 proposals to congress and all 15 were adopted, he did just about everything in his power to get the USA out of the depression. A good example is the closing down of all the banks and having allowing only 5000 trustworthy by to reopen which were supported by government money, trying to bring back confidence back in America. Despite the great efforts that Roosevelt put in to help the USA emerge from the depression, there was still opposition to the New Deal suggesting that it was doing too much or too little.

    • Word count: 1748
  14. Cuban Missile Crisis

    Source B is an extract from the book "13 days" written by Robert Kennedy in 1968. Source B is showing his account of what happened on the 16th October 1962, when President Kennedy told him about the U-2's photographic mission. Source B is useful to a historian studying the Cuban Missile Crisis because it is written by President Kennedy's brother so the information would be quite accurate as he is someone close to the President. We know the President and his brother were close as Robert Kennedy was the first person the President phoned to ask for advice; this may have been because he wanted advice from someone he trusted.

    • Word count: 1860
  15. Free essay

    Three sources on Prohibition. Source C is a German cartoon, commenting on prohibition.

    Uncle Sam is also fighting on his own representing that America didn't have any support and had to fight the battle on its own. The devil in the background represents the gangsters and bootleggers who made it even harder and more difficult for America to fight for prohibition. Source D is an extract from a book called Only Yesterday by a US journalist in 1931 supports the image in Source C.

    • Word count: 433
  16. History evacuation of children

    Another reason is that, if children stayed in the major cities they were bound to witness various atrocities of war, this could leave them mentally and could potentially affect them in later life. Since World War One technology had been developed making attacks even more likely then they previously would have been, with this in mind the government evacuated children away from the places that were most likely to fall under attack. Probably the most important of all the reasons to evacuate children away from Britain's major cities in the early years of the war was that children were the future.

    • Word count: 2221
  17. New deal did it bring about the recovery of the American economy

    The War required people to build weapons, make resources, and join the armed forces and many more opportunities. The New Deal did not benefit certain groups of people in society which would mean that the New Deal did not bring about the recovery of the American Economy. For Example the NRA and Child Labour Laws meant that businessmen were unable to find cheap labour and as a result their profit margins narrowed. Another reason as to why the Policies of the New Deal did not bring about a recovery to the American Economy was that Roosevelt did little to sort out the problems that existed before 1929.

    • Word count: 2510
  18. Was The New Deal a Succes

    He also promised to provide relief for the sick and to get industry and agriculture back on their feet. They trusted that if he did win the election, he would introduce his New Deal. The people believed in him and were prepared to ditch Hoover who was referred to as the 'do nothing' President and it wasn't very hard for the people to elect him out of office. 2. Source B gives a positive description of the New Deal as it was seen ten years later while Source C gives an overly negative description. For example, while Source B first seeks to ask an objective question; what are the major achievements of the New Deal, and then goes on to answer the question posed; Source C is more partisan and is a direct attack upon the administration.

    • Word count: 2019
  19. Free essay

    Why did Roosevelt win the election in 1932?

    He kept telling everyone that 'prosperity was just around the corner'. Therefore in 1932 he lost the presidential election in 1932. The years of the depression destroyed nearly all of the prosperity of the Boom. In 1929, six hundred and fifty nine banks failed. People now started to keep their money rather than buying goods; they kept their money at home instead of at the banks. People felt that actual currency was the only way of security, more than a billion dollars and put them in safe boxes or kept at home.

    • Word count: 854
  20. Free essay

    Did all Americans benefit from the boom in the 1920's

    In addition there were thousands of people working in road construction for the cars to run on. Because of general prosperity many people could now buy products on credit or borrow money from the banks easily. Many of the Americans believed that they had a right to prosper; they wanted to have a nice house, a job and lots of food. People believed that the best way of life was to spend as much money as possible. The First World War also contributed to the boom, other countries who had borrowed money started to pay some of the money they owed with interest.

    • Word count: 697
  21. American History Coursework

    Both of these agencies had a immensely significant impact on the amount of Americans who were unemployed at this time, as both generated vital short term jobs. Secondly, there was a substantial amount of agencies, as well as a number of acts, which were introduced in order to restore the prosperous nature of both industrial & agricultural businesses which both had been on the receiving end of the new-found bankruptcy which gripped the country. An example of an administration which helped to contribute to this restoration would be the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).

    • Word count: 3525
  22. GCSE History Coursework Model A2- The United States 1919-1941- Roosevelt and the new deal

    Secondly Roosevelt was shown to be a man that was liked by the American public, this is because of the amount of mail the white house received and also the amount Roosevelt replied to. This proves that Roosevelt was appreciated in the United States. 2. Sources E and F are both sets of statistics Which of these sources is the most useful to an historian studying the impact of the new deal on the USA? Source E shows unemployment in the United states was rising very quickly after the wall street crash happened in the 1929.

    • Word count: 1821
  23. Whitlams Dismissal

    budget supply - a decision that in turn sparked widespread debate on the powers of the Senate, changing conventions in Australian politics and the powers of the Governor-General himself. Whitlam government which came to power in 1972 was the first labor government in 20 years. With Whitlam's proposed 'it's time for a change' slogan Whitlam was able to win over the Australian public. However almost immediately after he was in office Labor was involved in a whirlwind of activity, controversy and change - taking his call for a' change 'excessively too far Labors first 18 days saw radical and immense changes which gave extra force to growing public fears and the oppositions growing irritation towards labor.

    • Word count: 1011
  24. New deal

    The First New Deal of 1933 was aimed at all major groups, from banking and railroads to industry and farming. The New Deal innovated with work relief programs, agricultural programs, and the end of the gold standard. A Second New Deal 1935 - 1938 included labor union support, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) relief program, the Social Security Act, and programs to aid the agricultural sector, including tenant farmers and migrant workers. The Supreme Court ruled some programs; however, it has been replaced.

    • Word count: 627
  25. Did all People Benefit from the Boom

    Also, once the cars were bought, people needed to run them. This led to petrol (made from oil) being bought in mass. Because America is so big and at the time had many unused natural sources of oil the price of petrol was low. Due to the low price and sudden demand petrol the oil industry boomed through the 1920's. The demand for these new industries led to a growth in the construction industry. New products such as cars and electrical products needed show rooms and the manufacturers of these products needed offices for advertising and factories for production; these new buildings were constructed in city centers to help business.

    • Word count: 1546

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