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GCSE: USA 1919-1941
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It favoured large businesses over small ones, and many businesses did not follow the codes. The same law that created the National Recovery Administration created a program that spent billions of dollars on large building projects. The projects included highways, public buildings and dams. Businesses that worked on the projects hired more workers. The most famous was the Grand Coulee d*m on the Colorado River. The New Deal improved conditions for some Americans after 1933. Unemployment dropped by two million by 1935. Still, over nine million were without jobs. Roosevelt was not about to give up.
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Wilson was determined not to make any compromises though, as it had been tough enough to negotiate the Treaty to this level with Clemenceau and David Lloyd George, and thus went on a nationwide tour to urge people to vote for the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. Eventually, however, he had a stroke due to the stress, and died shortly after, and the Treaty didn?t get passed by the Senate, meaning that the USA played no part in the League of Nations.
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Did Roosevelts upbringing, background and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans?
Raised in one of the wealthiest families in New York, Roosevelt?s life contrasted sharply with that of many members of the American public. Being homeschooled by a private tutor, receiving an expensive education at Groton School, and often pampered by his mother, Roosevelt did not initially fully understand the struggle endured by the majority of Americans. However, Roosevelt was made aware of how privileged he was and was taught to give back to the less fortunate, the poor and the homeless.
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Did FDRs upbringing, background and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans?
As a result of his wealth, Roosevelt had never experienced a lack of food, water, shelter or warmth. Roosevelt?s mother had sheltered him from the real world and never deprived him of anything he wanted. Roosevelt had also attended New York?s best private schools and got a really good education. Although he could empathise, Roosevelt?s background and the way he was raised made it hard for him to relate to the ordinary Americans that were suffering greatly from the depression. On the other hand, Roosevelt?s education had really opened up his eyes on the real world. Roosevelt?s school headmaster was a preacher for doing the duty of Christians and helping the less fortunate.
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Another famous form of campaigning Roosevelt used was to travel the US by train and meet members of the public of each state. Through this he further encouraged the public?s view of him as energetic and really into their affairs. He also gave speeches in the different states which he used to further condemn Hoover. Roosevelt promised a ?new deal to the American people?, without specifying what the ?new deal? was. This vagueness about his policies meant it was very hard to criticise his policies so people rarely heard bad things of what he was planning to do.
- Word count: 1007
"The lives of American women changed completely in the 1920s" - How much do you agree with this statement?
Consumerism increased and with advertising became a great new industry. Women were no longer seen as just housewives and many new celebrities came out of Hollywood cinema and film. Before World War One, many American women were expected to lead very dull, restricted lives. They were not expected to dress up, wear make-up or play sport. Relationships with men were not allowed to be free but instead when a woman went out with a boyfriend they may have had to have a chaperone with them.
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In this essay, I will evaluate how far Roosevelt himself was responsible for his own victory. Hoover?s ideology, attributes and personality encouraged the people to see him as being cold, heartless and uncaring. Holding his idea of ?rugged individualism?, which means believing that people could succeed on his own during a time of depression greatly upset and angered the public. His economic policy of ?laissez-faire?, which prevents government interference in personal businesses, was also blamed for being a cause for the Depression. His mistake was thinking that all people had the opportunities he had, coming from a wealthy background.
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Roosevelt?s personality was very popular with the American people. He was very caring and he really wanted to help. In the wealthy society where Roosevelt was brought up in, taught the spirit of service to others. Roosevelt felt that he should help those worse off than him. This taught him to respect those below him as much as he?d like them to respect him. This attitude was very pleasant for the struggling Americans. His status also made him very popular.
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This essay is going to argue that Herbert Hoover?s flawed, political believes were the fundamental reason Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the presidential election campaign in 1932. Hoover was in office when the depression hit. Also, as a Republican, he was tied to the economic policies of the two previous administrations, so many people felt that even if he was not totally responsible for bringing the depression on, it was his job to get the country out of it and he tried the best he could.
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Overproduction led to falling prices and falling profits for example wheat prices fell from $183 a bushel in 1920 to 38 cents in 1929. Taxes, mortgages and wages were rising, further reducing farmers? profits and foreign competition increased during the 1920s as European agriculture recovered from the war, while Canada, Russia, Argentina and Australia also competed on the world market. Wheat producers in Canada had opted to go down the line of mass-production. This led to their prices falling and they therefore sold much more produce than American farmers.
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1921-3 PRESIDENT WARREN HARDING 2. 1923-9 PRESIDENT CALVIN COLLIDGE 3. 1929-33 PRESIDENT HERBERT HOOVER 4. POLICIES 1. DOMESTIC CONCENTRATION ? AVOID FOREIGN AFFAIRS 1. A.K.A. ISOLATION 1. SMALL GOVERNMETN ? GREATLY REDUCED TAXES 2. PERSONAL EXPENDATURE WOULD INCREASE 1. STIMULATES THE ECONOMY 1. HIGH TARRIFS PLACED ON IMPORTS 1. SO PEOPLE BUY U.S. MADE PRODUCTS 3: - NEW INDUSTRIES 1. A) MOTOR INDUSTRY: 1. HENRY FORD ? WITH THE MODEL T 2. MASS PRODUCTION ? MAKES UNITS CHEAPER 1. B) ELECTRICAL GOODS 1. ?WHITE APPLIANCES? 1. FRIDGES/WASHING MACHINES/VACUUM CLEANER/OVENS/IRONS 1. LEISURE GOODS 1. RADIOS/TELEPHONES/GRAMMAPHONES 1.
- Word count: 620