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GCSE: USA 1941-80

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 6
  • Peer Reviewed essays 4
  1. Marked by a teacher

    U.S. foreign policy after the World Wars.

    4 star(s)

    These were intended as temporary legislation but these Acts proved in the long run the most important turning-point in American immigration policy. The United States entered a period of isolationism with the passage of the various Neutrality Acts of the 1930's. These were passed in response to the growing problems in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II.

    • Word count: 432
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Who was to blame for the Cold War?

    4 star(s)

    caused the Cold War; the "Revisionist" idea that "American policy offered the Russians no real choice...either acquiesce to American proposals or be confronted with American power or hostility" (McCauley 90) which blames America for the war; and a "Post-Revisionist" combination of the two, with both America and Soviet Russia to blame. Since both the Orthodox and Revisionist views have proof is confirmation that the Post-Revisionist viewpoint is correct. One of the primary differences between the attitudes of America and Russia originates from the happenings in each nation during WWII.

    • Word count: 1516
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the US decide to adopt the Truman Doctrine?

    4 star(s)

    However, Stalin misunderstood - or as many historians suspect ignored - this and he gave leading positions to Communists in governments in eastern Europe, then held rigged elections and soon Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland fell under the control of the USSR due to these steps that strengthened the Communist Soviets' control in the government of these countries . This angered very much the Americans, who afraid of a possible continuity of this expansion towards Western Europe (or even worse - a map of the world dominated by the communist ideology)

    • Word count: 514
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Student Protesters in the 1960s were just a bunch of kids rebelling against their parents views. How far do the sources support this statement?

    3 star(s)

    Source B, a statement by the SDS, shows the ideals of the movement. It says that they are campaigning for 'freedom and equality for everyone'. This was especially evident in the situation with the Black Civil Rights Protesters, and showed that the SDS had bigger aims than simply rebelling against authority. It is worth noting however, that this is a political speech and as such, not everything said within it may be entirely factual. Source C, a song written by Bob Dylan, is one of the most influential sources shown.

    • Word count: 716
  5. Peer reviewed

    Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960s?

    4 star(s)

    One of the first civil rights groups Martin Luther King was involved with was the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). By the time he became involved, he was a preacher, and was named president of the SCLC, comprised entirely of black ministers. As part of this group he travelled 780,000 miles and made 208 speeches in 1957 alone. This vast undertaking meant he spread his message to thousands of black people, encouraging them to join his peaceful protests and call for change.

    • Word count: 2186
  6. Peer reviewed

    The NAACP was the organisation that achieved most for African Americans during the 20th century. Do you agree?

    4 star(s)

    groups demise in 1930 after Garvey's imprisonment for fraud; and in the 1930's the US Communist party supported unionisation, provided legal support (e.g. the Scotsboro boys), and encouraged boycotts of the businesses of racist employers- however "Red Scare" that was to some in later decades (the seeds of which were already present) meant that the party's influence as a whole could not be significant. The trade unions themselves often represented groups of workers that AA's would fall into (i.e. "bluecollar" workers), although not necessarily African Americans in those groups: black membership was low until the 1930's, when large numbers became

    • Word count: 1718
  7. Peer reviewed

    Watergate scandal

    3 star(s)

    They were not stealing from the offices, but instead planting electronic bugging devices. One burglar turned out to be a former member of the CIA (the government's secret service). At this stage no one made any direct connection to CREEP or Nixon. Two reporters felt that the "true" story had not been uncovered, and so trailed their own inquiries. Two reporters from the "Washington Post", Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, uncovered some facts which proved very embarrassing to the White House. All five burglars were employed by CREEP and the CREEP fund was controlled at the White House.

    • Word count: 1425
  8. Peer reviewed

    Who was the most influential figure in the Civil Rights Movement in the USA in the 1950s and 1960s? What impact did he/she have?

    3 star(s)

    Graduating from Crozer Theological Seminary as class president in 1951, he then did postgraduate work at Boston University. King's studies at Crozer and Boston led him to explore the works of the Indian nationalist Mohandas K. Gandhi, whose ideas became the core of his own philosophy of non-violent protest. That same year the Supreme Court of the United States outlawed all segregated public education, and in the wake of that decision, the segregated South was soon challenged in every area of public adaptation.

    • Word count: 1139

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent did the position of the black population improve between 1940 and 1950?

    "As you can see in all three topics the blacks did find some improvements but in comparison it was very little to what was still going on. There for as my conclusion I think that the blacks were still along way away from racial equality but had found good foundations for achieving racial equality."

  • To what extent were the demands of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement and the American Civil Rights Movement similar?

    "In conclusion, both organisations wanted similar reforms made, but there also many differences for example there was no gerrymandering (the rigging of local electoral boundaries) was not present in America. The black civil rights movement clearly influenced NICRA and this is evident in the tactics of each organisation, which was, above all, peaceful, non-violent protests and demonstrations."

  • To what extent had the situation for black people in America improved by 1900?

    "In conclusion, by 1900, black people theoretically had the freedom to work and build lives for themselves, but realistically their opportunities were limited and they faced much discrimination and (especially in the South) hostility from whites. They had to tolerate de facto discrimination in the North, and de jure in the South, which undid most of what Reconstitution had done; they were still seen as a subspecies not fit to mix with white people. The political rights that they had been given were trampled on in the South, who ignored the US constitution with the knowledge of the Supreme Court. They therefore had little government support or protection, and, in the South, unsatisfactory representation. Compared to when they were enslaved, their situation had improved, but life in America for a black person was extremely hard, and there was a long struggle ahead for equality with whites."

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