• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

Browse by

Currently browsing by:

Submitted within:
last month (1)
last 3 months (1)
last 6 months (2)
last 12 months (2)

Meet our team of inspirational teachers

find out about the team

Get help from 80+ teachers and hundreds of thousands of student written documents

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  1. Vietnam War- Explain why the United States removed its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    It was as if the American people had finally opened up their eyes to see what was really going on and to see how far the soldiers would go to succeed in the fight against communism. American leaders did not approach war in the right way and used violence and force rather than trying to persuade Vietnam out of communism and this came across strongly to the Americans. From the coverage American civilians were able to see innocent children and women dying.

    • Word count: 720
  2. vietnam coursework

    The plan was for operation rolling thunder to last eight weeks but it lasted for the next three years this operation caused major casualties it was mainly an air bombing campaign that started on the 24th of February 1965 and lasted until the end of October 1968. The purpose of the speech I think to try and get the American people on side and President Johnson was basically just trying to justify his reasons and actions to the American people about the war.

    • Word count: 683
  3. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s?

    This started off America's main war with Vietnam. General Westmoreland was the commander of the American forces in Vietnam, he had a basic tactic, this was called search and destroy. The Americans sent out "search and destroy" platoons. Search and destroy was known as Zippo raids by the American troops. These were searching out villages and then destroying them. They were called Zippo raids after the name of the lighters they used to light/destroy the villages. The us often brought in gun ships, helicopters, aircraft strikes or artillery to back up their platoons, when the platoons were not killing as much Vietnamese as they should have done.

    • Word count: 854
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of Diem's regime politically, economically and socially

    This was one of the first problems Diem had to face when weighing up his attributes as president of South Vietnam. Diem, an authentic nationalist, ran the south with brutal and ruthless tyranny. Diem was expected by America to rule South Vietnam as an inspired 20th Century leader and because so did not gain much support by the local people. In attempt to satisfy everyone, being Americas and Vietnam's values and expectations, Diem achieved very little. Socially he spread dissatisfaction among the general population by only focusing and favouring the minority group of Christians.

    • Word count: 696
  5. Why did the USA becomeincreasingly involved inThe war in Vietnam?

    As the 1960's began the North Vietnamese declared their intention of liberating South Vietnam from the US imperialist. As the Guerrilla attacks started they had a big effect on the North Vietnamese but they tried to blame it on the South even though it was the newly formed Vietcong who were an anti-communist government. The USA increased its involvement after a while when things started to get worse. Even with more support from the US, Ngo Dinh Diem's government made more mistakes. They tried to separate all of the villagers from the Vietcong by creating 'Strategic hamlets' or fortified villages that the Vietcong could not get in to.

    • Word count: 889
  6. Do you agree with this interpretation of the problems faced by the United StatesSoldiers in Vietnam?

    But in reality no Vietcong were found or killed, only villagers, as they hadn't all left for market. The unit managed to obtain 6 Vietcong guns but no members. The title shows the authors opposing opinion to the war; this is more evidence of the source being bias. Author Michael Bilton has used research in this source. As the source quotes; "recruits scored so low on intelligence..." This use of research shows is likely to increase the sources accuracy, although statistics can be manipulated. The quote does not focus on recruits' average age of 19. This affected the military's performance as recruits were immature, inexperienced in life.

    • Word count: 976
  7. How & why did the USA become involved in Vietnam?

    The USA gave large amounts of money and aid to the French. Despite this the French were loosing and in the battle of Dien Bien Phu were finally defeated and pulled their troops out of Vietnam. As a result, the Geneva agreement was set up to try and keep order in Vietnam, the north would be ruled by communist Ho Chi Minh and the south by Ngo Dinh Diem. This was temporary, Ngo was meant to hold elections to unite Vietnam, but he never did and the Americans, scared that Ho would win, didn't force him to.

    • Word count: 565
  8. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong in the 1960s

    They set up strategic villages, trying to separate the peasants and Vietcong. They were very unpopular, moving people away from their homeland and ineffective as the Vietcong had been moved into the mistaken as villagers Once the Strategic Villages had been over-run by the Vietcong, America launched operation rolling thunder to limit supplies from the north and then used the minor excuse of an attack on Pleiku an American airbase to justify war to the American public and deployed ground troops.

    • Word count: 482
  9. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong in the Vietnam War in the 1960s.

    This was combated by the American tactic of strategic hamlets during 1962. The aim of strategic hamlets was to isolate the Vietcong from the ordinary people of Vietnam. The problem with this was that when they rounded up the Vietnamese people they also rounded up members of the Vietcong, who would organise attacks on the Americans from inside the strategic hamlets. These tactics eventually forced the Americans into sending in ground troops and the Americanisation of the war. The growing amounts of American ground troops forced the Vietcong to Guerrilla Warfare. This is where the Vietcong tried to overcome the American army by using their brain and knowledge of the area and landscape and not their military power.

    • Word count: 591
  10. Do you agree with this interpretation of the problems faced by united states soldiers in vietnam? use the source and knowledge from your studies to explain your answer

    This was a major problem for the morale of the troops, as well as having a less experienced army. Once somebody had fully settled in and made friends they were being sent home and replaced by new inexperienced soldiers, nicknamed 'cherries'. We can also verify this from the death rate of the soldiers. This shows that in the last three month's of duty they only stood a 6% chance of death (on average), whereas in the first three months this number was much higher.

    • Word count: 707
  11. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956-68?

    Diem would soon become unpopular as Buddhist protests took place and America loses their faith in Diem. So their next tactic is to allow Diem to be killed and take over the war. Soon after this America realises that the NLF are having an effect on the South Vietnamese peasants. Some of them were joining the communists. So Kennedy sets up a scheme called Strategic Hamlet. This involved the moving of peasants away from their villages and their land and positioning them in new villages away from NLF influence.

    • Word count: 804
  12. Vietnam English Creative Writing Coursework

    We woke up at around 5:30, not the nicest time to get up, we sorted our equipment out and set off at around...7:15, the weather was really wet and horrible but started to dry off through out the day, we had to get on the choppers most of the way but when we arrived we had to do most of it by foot. While we were on the 'Chinooks', we got orders from Lieutenant Calley to kill anything that walks even women and children, most of us believed that was a bit hard but orders are orders.

    • Word count: 607
  13. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam during the 1950’s and 1960’s

    The US had given $3 billion to the French to help fend off the Vietcong thus halting the 'domino effect' and were not willing for it to go to waste. The US passionately believed in the 'domino theory', it was feared that if any South-East Asian nation fell the others, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia etc would follow so Vietnam was key as it bordered them all. At first the US thought the French could fend off the Vietcong so gave $3 billion to help fund the campaign as they were still recovering from The Second World War but were defeated so Vietnam was open for the communists to take over.

    • Word count: 648
  14. What Were The Tactics Used By Both Sides To Win The Vietnam War?

    B52 were used by the USA to destroy many cities, which also caused the deaths of hundreds of civilians. More bombs were dropped on North Vietnam during this war than were dropped altogether in WW2. This tactic proved to be a key factor during the war between the USA and Vietnam. The defences carried out by the USA also involved defending the air bases from which the bombers departed, as well as protecting the places where troops and new supplies arrived. Agent Orange was used by the USA to terrorise the Vietcong during the war. The Vietnamese were scared of this weapon to a great extent, as if caused cancer and lead to pregnant women giving birth to deformed children.

    • Word count: 693
  15. Why US Forces were unable to defeat the Vietcong

    Part of this source refers to the US downfall of what they were actually good at, set battles. The US policy of search and destroy was very unsuccessful. It was simply killing everyone in sight. This lost the support of the Vietnamese people. Ten percent of the army were on hard drugs and a large number on soft drugs and as in some cases close friends were dying in front of their eyes the soldiers felt as if they were fighting for nothing.

    • Word count: 614
  16. Describe and explain how the North Vietnamese and their NLF allies in the south were able to fight successfully against such apparently overwhelming odds between 1965 and 1973.

    For the most part US troops never saw any evidence of an enemy in Vietnam. They could not see whom they were fighting and so were hit hard by the Vietcong tactics of hit and run. American Morale was especially hit badly as the US troops started to lose their mentality and frustration kicked in. Vietcong troops relied heavily on small arms to defeat a seemingly overwhelming American force and in particular booby traps. In total 11% of US casualties were lost to enemy booby traps. Such traps consisted of basic resources like bamboo sharpened and placed in a pit to capture any unsuspecting US soldiers by surprise and wound them to the point of being unable to fight but not quite dead.

    • Word count: 938
  17. Describe the Military Tactics Used By Both the Usa and Viet Cong Forces In Vietnam In the 1960’S.

    where they would be protected from the Vietcong, this failed because the- Vietcong would be mixed into the villages so when they were separating they would just be moving the Vietcong. On the 13th of February 1965 Johnson ordered the start of "Operation Rolling Thunder" basically this meant that the Americans would drop a very large amount of bombs on the North of Vietnam, they thought if they bombed the north they wouldn't be able to help the Vietcong in the south they also hoped that the north would surrender or negotiate peace talks with America-.

    • Word count: 920
  18. Explain why an Anti-Vietnam war movement developed in the USA in the 1960s

    major cut backs happened in President Johnson programmes to help end inequality and deprivation, especially for the black people because they would be more likely to live in poverty and have a low standard of living in the 1960?s. This resulted in poor families, particularly those that live in rural areas, to suffer from economic and social hardship. An anti-Vietnam war movement would be forming in America because people would find an outrage since tax is increasing for a war that would decrease the chances for people in poverty to move out of poverty.

    • Word count: 865
  19. The US lost the Vietnam War because its tactics and military strategy were wrong. How far do you agree?

    Used over the amount of bombs used during world war two. They also used chemical weapons such as agent orange in country sides where communist would hide. But such tactics were not welcome by other side. The US citizens were disgusted and anti-war protest were everywhere. More people were turning over to support Ho Chi Minh and Vietcong. The Tet Offensive incident in January 1968. When North Vietnam attacks Saigon during a festival. The USA killed fifty thousand communist. For short term is appears that US won the situation but for long term Vietnam benefitted more especially when people in US didn?t even support their own country and a lot of anti-war protest going on.

    • Word count: 562
  20. Why did Americas involvement in the Vietnam War become increasingly unpopular with the American people?

    By 1968 the war effort was being undermined on the Home Front because not only did it not appear as if America was not winning the war, but it did not appear to be fighting for a very just cause. Public opinion about the war was strongly affected by the media coverage of the war which the government at this time made no official attempt to censor. The Vietnam War is regarded as the ?first TV war? and because of this fact, the public received gruesome pictures and videos of what was actually happening and, as it turned out, the American people could not handle the horrific reality of the war that they were fighting.

    • Word count: 990
  21. How significant was the domino theory as a reason for the U.S involvement in the conflict in Vietnam?

    The USA feared that if one country in South East Asia fell to communism, the rest would also fall like a row of dominoes, this was the Domino Theory (2, 3). They were also scared that the Philippines which was in their power at the time would turn against them and also try to become communist due to Vietnam becoming communist. This made the Americans feel much more strongly about getting involved with the conflict in Vietnam and put the theory of the Truman doctrine in to action to stop the spread of communism.

    • Word count: 584
  22. Why the USA should have not have been involved in Vietnam

    One reason the USA should not have gotten involved was because they were there mainly to prevent the Domino theory taking place. They wanted to stop communism from taking over the country, which they feared was going to happen under the influence of Ho Chi Minh (Leader of the nationalist party). The USA was scared that it would be influenced like China, and worse, start a trend spreading to the surrounding countries (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and more)

    • Word count: 427
  23. Describe the media coverage of the Vietnam War and its effect.

    In August 1965 , TV coverage showed US marines on a ‘Zippo raid’ burning the village of Cam Ne. In 1968, during the Tet Offensive, viewers saw a colonel of the SVA execute one of his captives in a Saigon Street. However, very little blood and gore was shown, less than ¼ of film reports showed dead or wounded.

    • Word count: 397
  24. The failure of the United States to win the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people was the main reason why their strategy in Vietnam was unsuccessful. Do you agree?

    As part of the campaign the ?Strategic Hamlet Programme? was set up in 1962. It took peasants out of their homes and into safe villages, protected by wire and guns. The programme was unpopular with peasants, who had often been residents of the land for centuries. Similarly, they went from a tradition of farming, to digging trenches. Often these villagers turned to the Vietcong, who followed a Code of Conduct, similarly aimed at winning over the people. The ?hearts and minds? campaign was a success, as during the Tet Offensive civilians in urban areas did not up rise and support the Vietcong or NLF.

    • Word count: 669
  25. Vietnam war, representation work. In this essay I will evaluate the similarities,differences and objectivity of the representations, before I establish which is most reliable regarding the reaction of the American Public in the Vietnam War

    As such it is not as reliable as Representation 1 and is undoubtedly and exaggeration to deliberately make fun of the protesters/ John Fischetti had served in the Second World War and would have been very much aware of the horrors of war. Representation 1 was written in 2001 and has the advantage of hindsight, with the author having access to a wide range of different sources of information about the anti-war movement.

    • Word count: 523

Marked by a teacher

This document has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the document.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the document page.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student document reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.